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content/blog/2013-10-28-organising-micro-task-emails-in-thunderbird.md View File

@@ -16,23 +16,23 @@ tags:
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   - thunderbird
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 ---
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-The title of this post sounds very significant but to be honest, it’s a small thing.
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+The title of this post sounds very significant but to be honest, its a small thing.
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 Everybody has her/his/its own workflow regarding emails. For example me: I LOVE folders! When it comes to the crunch I probably would be able to organise my whole life into folders.
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-Well, at least this is what I thought until I began my internship at <a title="Free Software Foundation Europe" href="https://fsfe.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">FSFE</a>. I was used to a high income rate (do you say so?) before but something changed: Normally I read my emails and if something&#8217;s important, I open a new task in my taskmanager or simply write it down. In the office I also read lot&#8217;s of emails and can put them easily in folders via filters (in Thunderbird and with qmail/maildrop on my mailserver), for example emails in mailing lists.
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+Well, at least this is what I thought until I began my internship at <a title="Free Software Foundation Europe" href="https://fsfe.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">FSFE</a>. I was used to a high income rate (do you say so?) before but something changed: Normally I read my emails and if somethings important, I open a new task in my taskmanager or simply write it down. In the office I also read lots of emails and can put them easily in folders via filters (in Thunderbird and with qmail/maildrop on my mailserver), for example emails in mailing lists.
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-But now it is more often the case that by reading those emails, there are beginning some mini-tasks: Commit this <a href="https://fsfe.org/contribute/translators/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">translated</a> file on the server, answer these emails, send out that package to a <a href="https://fsfe.org/fellowship/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">fellow</a> (but not today, do it next Monday), and most importantly, book some restaurants for the General Assembly. You see, these are all small tasks, but they exist. In dozens. And I&#8217;m quite sure they will increase. But creating for each micro task a new task in my task manager (<a href="http://gtgnome.net/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Getting Things Gnome</a> by the way) is overload as well.
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+But now it is more often the case that by reading those emails, there are beginning some mini-tasks: Commit this <a href="https://fsfe.org/contribute/translators/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">translated</a> file on the server, answer these emails, send out that package to a <a href="https://fsfe.org/fellowship/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">fellow</a> (but not today, do it next Monday), and most importantly, book some restaurants for the General Assembly. You see, these are all small tasks, but they exist. In dozens. And Im quite sure they will increase. But creating for each micro task a new task in my task manager (<a href="http://gtgnome.net/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Getting Things Gnome</a> by the way) is overload as well.
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-For that I&#8217;m a forgetful technocrat sometimes, I wanted to pre-empt any mistakes and searched for methods to mark/tag those emails when reading them. Afterwards it should always be possible to find these marked/tagged with one click. In short, I needed a <a href="http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Remembrall" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Remembrall</a>, that additionally tells me, what I exactly forgot.
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+For that Im a forgetful technocrat sometimes, I wanted to pre-empt any mistakes and searched for methods to mark/tag those emails when reading them. Afterwards it should always be possible to find these marked/tagged with one click. In short, I needed a <a href="http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Remembrall" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Remembrall</a>, that additionally tells me, what I exactly forgot.
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-Dear ladies and gentlemen, here&#8217;s my odyssey of finding the perfect method for me:
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+Dear ladies and gentlemen, heres my odyssey of finding the perfect method for me:
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-  1. Well, because I LOVE folders (did I ever mentioned that before?) I just thought of drag-and-dropping the emails I wanted to be able to find again in another folder like &#8222;To-Do&#8220; or &#8222;To answer&#8220;. This has the disadvantage that the original email isn&#8217;t anymore where it has been before. An email belonging to a mailing list&#8217;s thread is away and this causes even more inorganisation. Dead End.
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-  2. Okay, when moving emails is not suitable, why not copying them into separate folders? Well, this is possible but requires 2 to 4 mouse clicks in thunderbird (no, I don&#8217;t want to use another mail client) and includes the danger to copy(/move it in the wrong folder (I hate dropdown menus&#8230;). Dead End.
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-  3. For I&#8217;m a proud user of the calendar/task addon <a href="https://www.mozilla.org/projects/calendar/lightning/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lightning</a>, I have also the possibility to create tasks and events out of emails. But this also requires to much information for micro tasks and lacks the same problem as creating tasks in my GTG: it costs too much time and is overpowered.
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-  4. Shame on all technical stuff, let&#8217;s to it the old way: writing it down on my notepad with my&#8230;does ANYONE have a pen here? And where the hell is my notepad by the way?! Dead End.
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-  5. Yes, I finally found a solution which is quite simple but requires some searching. In Thunderbird you have the possibility to create virtual folders (Yeah, more folders!). In these folders, you can collect all emails that match specific criteria, similar to those of the &#8222;normal&#8220; email filters for incoming mails. But as a first step one could simply tag or mark an email:
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+  1. Well, because I LOVE folders (did I ever mentioned that before?) I just thought of drag-and-dropping the emails I wanted to be able to find again in another folder like „To-Do“ or „To answer“. This has the disadvantage that the original email isn’t anymore where it has been before. An email belonging to a mailing list’s thread is away and this causes even more inorganisation. Dead End.
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+  2. Okay, when moving emails is not suitable, why not copying them into separate folders? Well, this is possible but requires 2 to 4 mouse clicks in thunderbird (no, I dont want to use another mail client) and includes the danger to copy(/move it in the wrong folder (I hate dropdown menus). Dead End.
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+  3. For Im a proud user of the calendar/task addon <a href="https://www.mozilla.org/projects/calendar/lightning/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lightning</a>, I have also the possibility to create tasks and events out of emails. But this also requires to much information for micro tasks and lacks the same problem as creating tasks in my GTG: it costs too much time and is overpowered.
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+  4. Shame on all technical stuff, let’s to it the old way: writing it down on my notepad with my…does ANYONE have a pen here? And where the hell is my notepad by the way?! Dead End.
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+  5. Yes, I finally found a solution which is quite simple but requires some searching. In Thunderbird you have the possibility to create virtual folders (Yeah, more folders!). In these folders, you can collect all emails that match specific criteria, similar to those of the „normal“ email filters for incoming mails. But as a first step one could simply tag or mark an email:
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 <div id="attachment_58" style="width: 310px" class="wp-caption alignnone">
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   <a href="/uploads/blog_virtualfolders1.png"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-58" class="wp-image-58 size-medium" src="/uploads/blog_virtualfolders1-300x197.png" alt="How to give an email a tag in Thunderbird" width="300" height="197" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/blog_virtualfolders1-300x197.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/blog_virtualfolders1.png 509w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
@@ -42,13 +42,13 @@ Dear ladies and gentlemen, here&#8217;s my odyssey of finding the perfect method
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   </p>
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-Each method has its advantages. The tags are quite nice because you can differentiate between (own) tags and you can simply press the corresponding number on the keyboard to tag the mail. The marking method does not have such features but on my mobile (K-9 Mail) I cannot tag an email but only mark it. So I&#8217;m able to save some mails for later work when I&#8217;m sitting in the train for example.
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+Each method has its advantages. The tags are quite nice because you can differentiate between (own) tags and you can simply press the corresponding number on the keyboard to tag the mail. The marking method does not have such features but on my mobile (K-9 Mail) I cannot tag an email but only mark it. So I’m able to save some mails for later work when I’m sitting in the train for example.
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-No matter how you decide (I&#8217;m not quite sure as well what&#8217;s the best for me), it&#8217;s quite hard to find the emails if you have tagged them. Of course, if you look in the folder, you see colored mails or those with a star but to find them by hand in dozens of folder&#8230; good luck boy.
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+No matter how you decide (I’m not quite sure as well what’s the best for me), it’s quite hard to find the emails if you have tagged them. Of course, if you look in the folder, you see colored mails or those with a star but to find them by hand in dozens of folder good luck boy.
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 I already mentioned virtual folders: You can open a virtual folder that lists all emails that match a (or more) special criteria which you can define. If you untag/unmark an email, it just disappears from the virtual folder, but still exists in the (now untagged/unmarked) way as before.
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 <div id='gallery-1' class='gallery galleryid-56 gallery-columns-3 gallery-size-thumbnail'>
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@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ I already mentioned virtual folders: You can open a virtual folder that lists al
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 </div>
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-The images show you how to create this folder with filters. It is important to choose the folders to search in (image 4). Now I can mark/tag emails that should be processed in some way, and I can do this on my notebook as well as on my mobile. I hope, this method satisfies my needs for a while and I will give an update if I (or you?) find a better way. And if it helped you as well: you&#8217;re welcome :)
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+The images show you how to create this folder with filters. It is important to choose the folders to search in (image 4). Now I can mark/tag emails that should be processed in some way, and I can do this on my notebook as well as on my mobile. I hope, this method satisfies my needs for a while and I will give an update if I (or you?) find a better way. And if it helped you as well: youre welcome :)
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 What methods for (micro) task management do you use? Do the tools you use suit your needs?
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 **Update**: With improving Bash skills and more time, I was able to heavily improve the script in the end. Have a look at my [Git instance][1] to download the latest version.
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-But let&#8217;s be honest: All in all, this post will show you again, why Free Software, GNU/Linux and Open Standards are great, easy to use and why Windows users are to be pitied.
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+But lets be honest: All in all, this post will show you again, why Free Software, GNU/Linux and Open Standards are great, easy to use and why Windows users are to be pitied.
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 **_I. Short excursus_**
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 (Nearly) everybody knows FTP. FTP is a protocol which enables you to transfer files between your device and a remote space. Maybe you want to present your documents or images to visitors of your homepage and simply want to upload these files on your webspace. In most cases this could be done by the use of a seperate program like FileZilla.
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-So far so good, but there&#8217;re several problems. Two of them:
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+So far so good, but therere several problems. Two of them:
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   1. <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_Transfer_Protocol#Security" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">FTP</a> <a href="http://www.vulnerabilityscanning.com/FTP-Security.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">is</a> <a href="http://www.raditha.com/php/ftp/security.php" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">insecure</a>. Period.
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-  2. Using an external program (and not your personal file manager) is really annoying if you want to edit the files very often. A realistic example: You have a complicated script running on your website which you&#8217;d like to edit in a graphical editor. Using an external client forces you to download the file, open it in your editor, save it and upload it again. Some FTP clients like FileZilla have the functionality to ease this pain in the a**, but trust me: after the twentieth reupload you want to toss your computer away&#8230;
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+  2. Using an external program (and not your personal file manager) is really annoying if you want to edit the files very often. A realistic example: You have a complicated script running on your website which youd like to edit in a graphical editor. Using an external client forces you to download the file, open it in your editor, save it and upload it again. Some FTP clients like FileZilla have the functionality to ease this pain in the a**, but trust me: after the twentieth reupload you want to toss your computer away
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 Now we know why FTP is insecure. So what alternatives do we have?
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-There is FTPS &#8211; using the FTP protocoll in connection with SSL. Well, that sounds great because, you know, SSL is great to ensure the safety of your online banking and frightens away 
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+There is FTPS  using the FTP protocoll in connection with SSL. Well, that sounds great because, you know, SSL is great to ensure the safety of your online banking and frightens away 
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 <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Packet_analyzer" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">sniffing</a> <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Script_kiddie" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">script kiddies</a>. Forget that. FTPS is only securing the authentication process, the transfer of all files remains in plain text. So if you upload a sensitive document, it is fairly easy to intercept it on different levels in the uploading/downloading process. There is also the fact that FTPS is horrible to implement, not very compatible, and not very smart designed.
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@@ -52,13 +52,13 @@ The best alternative in my opinion is <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SSH
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 But how to use it? You can use clients like FileZilla but do you remember the first problem I mentioned? Correct, an external editor is not what suits the needs of someone who wants to work with his files comfortably.
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 _**II. Mounting an external storage with SSH**_
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 This sounds more complicated than it really is. The theory behind it is very easy: You mount (link) a remote directory over SSH (a secure channel) in any desired directory on your machine. For instance, you can simply edit all files in _/home/user/remote/_ with your programs, but finally all changes will happen (nearly) instantly on your remote storage. This even works with watching a video file that is located on the server: Open it like a normal video file in a player like VLC and it behaves like it is locally on your PC (if your internet connection is fast enough, just test it!).
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-The only prerequisite: You need a server/webspace/storage with full SSH access. Unfortunately many webhosters don&#8217;t provide SSH access. If you belong to the unlucky ones, I recommend you to look for alternatives &#8211; it is worth it! (below this post, I added a very small list of webhosting providers offering SSH access)
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+The only prerequisite: You need a server/webspace/storage with full SSH access. Unfortunately many webhosters don’t provide SSH access. If you belong to the unlucky ones, I recommend you to look for alternatives – it is worth it! (below this post, I added a very small list of webhosting providers offering SSH access)
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 Now we come to the technical part. For this post, following data is used. Most likely, this will look different in your case.
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 <pre>openssh-client, sshfs, ssh-askpass, zenity</pre>
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-Now create a directory in which the remote storage should be mounted in. Don&#8217;t worry about the space on your hard disk: This directory is remote and there are only temporary files stored on your local device. In this example I&#8217;ll use _/home/user/remote/server1_. It could also be _/fsfe/lol/wtf/nsa/_ if this directory would exist.
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+Now create a directory in which the remote storage should be mounted in. Dont worry about the space on your hard disk: This directory is remote and there are only temporary files stored on your local device. In this example Ill use _/home/user/remote/server1_. It could also be _/fsfe/lol/wtf/nsa/_ if this directory would exist.
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 Now, start a terminal/shell to fill in following commands as a normal user.
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 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ ssh -p 22 client@server1.net</pre>
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-If asked for a password, fill in the password of &#8218;_client_&#8218; (the webhoster should have given it to you). If you are now connected to the server1.net, you are just one step away from mounting it. Close the connection or terminal, open it again and type:
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+If asked for a password, fill in the password of ‚_client_‚ (the webhoster should have given it to you). If you are now connected to the server1.net, you are just one step away from mounting it. Close the connection or terminal, open it again and type:
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 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ sshfs -p 22 client@server1.net: /home/user/remote/server1/ -o follow_symlinks</pre>
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-This command connects to &#8218;_server1.net_&#8218; as the user &#8218;_client_&#8218; using the SSH protocol over the standard _port_ 22. Then it mounts the home directory of &#8218;_client_&#8218; on the local directory &#8218;_/home/user/remote/server1_&#8218; which we created beforehand. Additionally we added the option &#8218;_follow_symlinks_&#8218; so that links of the server work on our local machine as well. If you have a look at&nbsp;_/home/user/remote/server1_, you should see the exact same content than in the home directory on your server or if you connect via FTP/SFTP. Congratulation! Now play around with it, try to edit, upload and download files.
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+This command connects to ‚_server1.net_‚ as the user ‚_client_‚ using the SSH protocol over the standard _port_ 22. Then it mounts the home directory of ‚_client_‚ on the local directory ‚_/home/user/remote/server1_‚ which we created beforehand. Additionally we added the option ‚_follow_symlinks_‚ so that links of the server work on our local machine as well. If you have a look at _/home/user/remote/server1_, you should see the exact same content than in the home directory on your server or if you connect via FTP/SFTP. Congratulation! Now play around with it, try to edit, upload and download files.
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 To unmount (speak: disconnect) the directory, type
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 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ fusermount -u /home/user/remote/server1</pre>
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-Now you mount the home directory of &#8218;client&#8216;. If you want to mount another directory on the server (e.g. _/home/client/exchange_), use this modified command:
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+Now you mount the home directory of ‚client‘. If you want to mount another directory on the server (e.g. _/home/client/exchange_), use this modified command:
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 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ sshfs -p 22 client@server1.net:/home/client/exchange/ /home/user/remote/server1/ -o follow_symlinks</pre>
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 In the next step, we will make the connection and mounting more comfortable, even if you are handling with more than one server.
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 _**III. Using hostnames
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 **_ 
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-Now that you know how (and that) the system works, we will make it easier. Of course it is quite annoying to type in the whole server-address and port each time. Instead of _sshfs -p 22 client@server1.net[&#8230;]_, you can simply type _sshfs server1_. How? Just open the SSH configuration file _/home/user/.ssh/config_ with you desired text editor and add:
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+Now that you know how (and that) the system works, we will make it easier. Of course it is quite annoying to type in the whole server-address and port each time. Instead of _sshfs -p 22 client@server1.net[]_, you can simply type _sshfs server1_. How? Just open the SSH configuration file _/home/user/.ssh/config_ with you desired text editor and add:
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 <pre>Host server1
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   HostName server1.net
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   Port 22
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   User client</pre>
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-Save it and try to use this shortcut. It also works for normal SSH connection like &#8218;_ssh server1_&#8218;. For the _Host_ variable, you could use any name you can remember easily, for instance _privateserver_.
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+Save it and try to use this shortcut. It also works for normal SSH connection like ‚_ssh server1_‚. For the _Host_ variable, you could use any name you can remember easily, for instance _privateserver_.
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 _**IV. Using Public and Private Keys**_
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-Pretty smooth, isn&#8217;t it? Well, it gets even better! You have to admit that typing a password each time you connect is quite harrassing. This gets even worse if you are used to connect to many servers. On the one hand, you could use password managing tools&#8230; or <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-key_cryptography" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Public/Private key authentication</a>! For those who don&#8217;t know much about it, let me say: This sounds terribly complicated, but you don&#8217;t have to understand it completely.
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+Pretty smooth, isnt it? Well, it gets even better! You have to admit that typing a password each time you connect is quite harrassing. This gets even worse if you are used to connect to many servers. On the one hand, you could use password managing tools or <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-key_cryptography" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Public/Private key authentication</a>! For those who don’t know much about it, let me say: This sounds terribly complicated, but you don’t have to understand it completely.
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-For this guide, you only have to know: There are two keys (files). The one is private, you should never give it to anyone! It&#8217;s like a key to your safe, if someone achieves it, he can get everything that is secured in this safe. But the other file is public, you can give it to everyone if you want so. Now it gets a bit weird, so I try to make it as simple and abstract as possible.
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+For this guide, you only have to know: There are two keys (files). The one is private, you should never give it to anyone! Its like a key to your safe, if someone achieves it, he can get everything that is secured in this safe. But the other file is public, you can give it to everyone if you want so. Now it gets a bit weird, so I try to make it as simple and abstract as possible.
119 119
 
120
-Let&#8217;s say, the public key is a chest that no one except the owner can open. Inside this chest, there is a supersecret word that no one except the owner knows. You put an exact copy of this chest on your server and each time you try to connect, you say &#8222;Hey, I&#8217;m the legitimate user of this server. Give me my chest, I will open it with my secret key and tell you, what the supersecret word is!&#8220;. The server will give you the chest (public key), you open it with your private key and tell the server the supersecret word. If you were right, the server lets you in.
120
+Lets say, the public key is a chest that no one except the owner can open. Inside this chest, there is a supersecret word that no one except the owner knows. You put an exact copy of this chest on your server and each time you try to connect, you say „Hey, I’m the legitimate user of this server. Give me my chest, I will open it with my secret key and tell you, what the supersecret word is!. The server will give you the chest (public key), you open it with your private key and tell the server the supersecret word. If you were right, the server lets you in.
121 121
 
122 122
 <p style="padding-left: 30px;">
123
-  <em><strong>Note:</strong> This example is so ridiculously abstract that I had to laugh while writing it down. Every security expert, IT guy and cryptography scientist would knock me down for this but I hope it made you understand the principle of this very smart method. And if you ask yourself now &#8222;Why does the server know the supersecret word? Isn&#8217;t this insecure?&#8220; or &#8222;Isn&#8217;t is insecure to send such a sensitive code word over the internet?&#8220;: You&#8217;re absolutely right! But be assured, that the public-key cryptography uses some awesome tricks to avoid security leaks like these and others. If you want to, read about it!</em>
123
+  <em><strong>Note:</strong> This example is so ridiculously abstract that I had to laugh while writing it down. Every security expert, IT guy and cryptography scientist would knock me down for this but I hope it made you understand the principle of this very smart method. And if you ask yourself now „Why does the server know the supersecret word? Isn’t this insecure?“ or „Isn’t is insecure to send such a sensitive code word over the internet?“: You’re absolutely right! But be assured, that the public-key cryptography uses some awesome tricks to avoid security leaks like these and others. If you want to, read about it!</em>
124 124
 </p>
125 125
 
126 126
 It is quite easy to make this system happen. Again we need a terminal to generate the two keys:
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ It is quite easy to make this system happen. Again we need a terminal to generat
128 128
 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ cd ~/.ssh/
129 129
 user@local:~/.ssh$ ssh-keygen -t dsa</pre>
130 130
 
131
-This neat script asks a.) in which file you want to save the new keys. The standard is set to _/home/user/.ssh/id_dsa_ and I recommend this. Most programs automatically search for keys in this destination. In step b.) it asks you for a password. This is quite important because if someone achieves your private key, he still needs a password to use it. After this short procedure, you have two new files in _/home/user/.ssh_ &#8211; id\_dsa and id\_dsa.pub. As you can imagine, id_dsa.pub is your public key, the other is the secret one.
131
+This neat script asks a.) in which file you want to save the new keys. The standard is set to _/home/user/.ssh/id_dsa_ and I recommend this. Most programs automatically search for keys in this destination. In step b.) it asks you for a password. This is quite important because if someone achieves your private key, he still needs a password to use it. After this short procedure, you have two new files in _/home/user/.ssh_  id\_dsa and id\_dsa.pub. As you can imagine, id_dsa.pub is your public key, the other is the secret one.
132 132
   
133 133
 Now we have to put the public key (chest) on the server we want to connect to. This could be done by a simple command:
134 134
 
@@ -138,25 +138,25 @@ By this, you automatically connect as a legitimate user to your server (with the
138 138
 
139 139
 Now disconnect from your server and try to connect via _ssh server1_. Your device should automatically search for your private key and open the connection with it. As you notice, you are still asked for a password. This is because you (hopefully) put a password on your private key (remember?). But after you typed in the password once, it should be saved for duration of your local session in a local keyring.
140 140
 
141
-If this is not the case or you want to make your configuration even better, add the following lines on the bottom of your _/home/user/.bashrc_ (or if you&#8217;re not using bash, the respective rc file of your shell):
141
+If this is not the case or you want to make your configuration even better, add the following lines on the bottom of your _/home/user/.bashrc_ (or if youre not using bash, the respective rc file of your shell):
142 142
 
143
-<pre lang="bash">alias ssh='ssh-add -l &gt; /dev/null || ssh-add -t 7200; ssh'</pre>
143
+<pre lang="bash">alias ssh='ssh-add -l > /dev/null || ssh-add -t 7200; ssh'</pre>
144 144
 
145
-By this, you say to your shell: &#8222;Everytime I type the command &#8217;ssh&#8216;, you should instead (alias) 1.) check if I already added my key to the local keyring. If not so (||), 2.) add my key to the keyring, but only keep it there for 7200 seconds (you can also keep this away or increase it). Only if you made this sure, use the command ssh to connect to my server&#8220;. Every command line program that uses ssh to connect to a server (and there are some, e.g. git, sshfs&#8230;) now uses this procedure &#8211; no matter if you close the terminal or lock the screen.
145
+By this, you say to your shell: „Everytime I type the command ’ssh‘, you should instead (alias) 1.) check if I already added my key to the local keyring. If not so (||), 2.) add my key to the keyring, but only keep it there for 7200 seconds (you can also keep this away or increase it). Only if you made this sure, use the command ssh to connect to my server. Every command line program that uses ssh to connect to a server (and there are some, e.g. git, sshfs…) now uses this procedure – no matter if you close the terminal or lock the screen.
146 146
 
147 147
 Of course, this also works with sshfs to mount your remote storages. If you remember our first line to mount the server, we have a much shorter line now without any password request:
148 148
 
149 149
 <pre lang="bash">user@local:~$ sshfs server1: /home/user/remote/server1/ -o follow_symlinks</pre>
150 150
 
151
-And these steps were quite important for the next section where we will write a shell script to make it much more easier &#8211; and even graphical!
151
+And these steps were quite important for the next section where we will write a shell script to make it much more easier  and even graphical!
152 152
 
153
-&nbsp;
153
+ 
154 154
 
155 155
 _**V. Using a shell script
156 156
   
157 157
 **_ 
158 158
 
159
-Our setting is very smooth now, but it could still be improved. If you want to connect to many servers and don&#8217;t want to use your shell every time or don&#8217;t want to remember the HOSTs you used in your .ssh/config, you&#8217;re free to modify and use this shell script:
159
+Our setting is very smooth now, but it could still be improved. If you want to connect to many servers and don’t want to use your shell every time or don’t want to remember the HOSTs you used in your .ssh/config, you’re free to modify and use this shell script:
160 160
 
161 161
 <pre line="1" lang="bash">#!/bin/bash
162 162
 
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ LOCALMOUNTDIR=/home/user/remote
173 173
 
174 174
 # Add SSH key to local keyring if not already happened
175 175
 function sshadd {
176
-	ssh-add -l &gt; /dev/null || ssh-add
176
+	ssh-add -l > /dev/null || ssh-add
177 177
 }
178 178
 
179 179
 # Choose preconfigured HOST to mount
@@ -215,7 +215,7 @@ function unmountquestion {
215 215
 
216 216
 # Procedure to unmount all preconfigured SSHFS drives and exit program afterwards
217 217
 function unmount {
218
-	for ((i = 0; i &lt; ${#PRESSH[*]}; i++))
218
+	for ((i = 0; i < ${#PRESSH[*]}; i++))
219 219
 	do
220 220
 		fusermount -u "$LOCALMOUNTDIR"/"${PRESSH[$i]}"
221 221
 		echo ""${PRESSH[$i]}" unmounted."
@@ -240,17 +240,17 @@ do
240 240
 	mount	# mount function
241 241
 done</pre>
242 242
 
243
-&nbsp;
243
+ 
244 244
 
245 245
 Save this script to some place (e.g. _/home/user/sftp-mount.sh_) and make it executable (chmod +x /home/user/sftp-mount.sh). For example, you are now ready put a shortcut in your panel or on your desktop to make it easily accessible. Please note that zenity, sshfs and ssh-askpass should be installed.
246 246
 
247
-Please test the procedures written above on your servers and (if they have SSH access) webspaces. On my 4 webspaces and my vServer it works perfectly with my Debian Sid system. Please contact me or write in the comments if you have any problems or if some steps could be improved &#8211; nobody&#8217;s perfect :)
247
+Please test the procedures written above on your servers and (if they have SSH access) webspaces. On my 4 webspaces and my vServer it works perfectly with my Debian Sid system. Please contact me or write in the comments if you have any problems or if some steps could be improved – nobody’s perfect :)
248 248
 
249 249
 _**Appendix**_
250 250
 
251 251
 I know following hosters that provide webspace with SSH access. This list is very short so please add more by writing in the comments!
252 252
 
253
-  * uberspace.de (All plans, starting from 1,00€/mon, focussed on german residents) <&#8211; great hoster by the way!!
253
+  * uberspace.de (All plans, starting from 1,00€/mon, focussed on german residents) < great hoster by the way!!
254 254
   * OVH.com (>= Business Hosting, 5,94€/mon)
255 255
   * HostGator.com (All plans, starting from 3,96$/mon)
256 256
   * All-Inkl.com (>= Premium, 9,95€/mon)

+ 7
- 7
content/blog/2014-01-14-why-free-choice-of-routers-is-an-unnegotiable-must.md View File

@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ tags:
25 25
 
26 26
 ---
27 27
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
28
-  In my opinion, the latest NSA leaks reached a new level of boldness.<br /> Oh wait, maybe you are one of the people that keep saying &#8222;<em>Of course NSA is spying on all of us, but I&#8217;m safe: I use Tor/VPN, deleted my Facebook account, and I completely switched to <a href="https://blogs.fsfe.org/the_unconventional/2013/06/29/more-work-to-maintain-my-privacy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">secure operating systems</a>, so I got this going for me.</em>&#8222;. If so I congratulate you, these are important steps and I hope there will be more people like you.
28
+  In my opinion, the latest NSA leaks reached a new level of boldness.<br /> Oh wait, maybe you are one of the people that keep saying „<em>Of course NSA is spying on all of us, but I’m safe: I use Tor/VPN, deleted my Facebook account, and I completely switched to <a href="https://blogs.fsfe.org/the_unconventional/2013/06/29/more-work-to-maintain-my-privacy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">secure operating systems</a>, so I got this going for me.</em>. If so I congratulate you, these are important steps and I hope there will be more people like you.
29 29
 </p>
30 30
 
31 31
 <div id="attachment_123" style="width: 241px" class="wp-caption alignright">
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ tags:
37 37
 </div>
38 38
 
39 39
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
40
-  But as the introducting sentence states, the latest information of NSA&#8217;s mass surveillance goes much further than only spying in social networks and intercepting phone calls. <strong>This time, it&#8217;s about your home and your network itself</strong>. To be concrete: It&#8217;s about your router located somewhere in your rooms. Internal, top secret classified presentations show that NSA is actively searching for <a href="www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/09/nsa-router-hacking/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">vulnerabilities in industry and home routers</a> and is <a href="http://www.afterdawn.com/news/article.cfm/2013/09/22/nsa_buys_zero_day_exploits_from_vupen" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">buying exploits</a> if needed. And if all of these steps aren&#8217;t enough, they just <a href="http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/catalog-reveals-nsa-has-back-doors-for-numerous-devices-a-940994.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">implant a backdoor chip</a> granting full remote access.
40
+  But as the introducting sentence states, the latest information of NSAs mass surveillance goes much further than only spying in social networks and intercepting phone calls. <strong>This time, it’s about your home and your network itself</strong>. To be concrete: It’s about your router located somewhere in your rooms. Internal, top secret classified presentations show that NSA is actively searching for <a href="www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/09/nsa-router-hacking/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">vulnerabilities in industry and home routers</a> and is <a href="http://www.afterdawn.com/news/article.cfm/2013/09/22/nsa_buys_zero_day_exploits_from_vupen" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">buying exploits</a> if needed. And if all of these steps arent enough, they just <a href="http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/catalog-reveals-nsa-has-back-doors-for-numerous-devices-a-940994.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">implant a backdoor chip</a> granting full remote access.
41 41
 </p>
42 42
 
43 43
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ tags:
49 49
 </p>
50 50
 
51 51
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
52
-  &#8222;<em>That&#8217;s incredible!</em>&#8220; you might think, but that&#8217;s the case in some countries and with some providers. They won&#8217;t give you your internet access credentials if you want to use a different device, or they simply use non-standard plugs and protocols. So you have a large group of people forced to use only one router model. We call this <strong>Compulsory Routers</strong>.<br /> ISPs&#8216; policies like this create many problems and some of those are
52
+  „<em>That’s incredible!</em>“ you might think, but that’s the case in some countries and with some providers. They won’t give you your internet access credentials if you want to use a different device, or they simply use non-standard plugs and protocols. So you have a large group of people forced to use only one router model. We call this <strong>Compulsory Routers</strong>.<br /> ISPs policies like this create many problems and some of those are
53 53
 </p>
54 54
 
55 55
 <ul style="text-align: justify;">
@@ -60,18 +60,18 @@ tags:
60 60
     technical issues: You want to use IPv6, VoIP or other technologies and devices? Maybe your ISP does not want you to use them or only his own products
61 61
   </li>
62 62
   <li>
63
-    security issues: If a large group of people are using only one router or one hardware vendor, and if this product/vendor is vulnerable, the whole mass is in danger. Maybe you heard this term in biology, but it&#8217;s also highly relevant in this case: <strong>monocultures</strong>
63
+    security issues: If a large group of people are using only one router or one hardware vendor, and if this product/vendor is vulnerable, the whole mass is in danger. Maybe you heard this term in biology, but its also highly relevant in this case: <strong>monocultures</strong>
64 64
   </li>
65 65
 </ul>
66 66
 
67 67
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
68
-  &#8222;<em>And what has this to do with the NSA stuff?</em>&#8220;<br /> More than you might think. Imagine a country with 4 big ISPs and all with Compulsory Routers. In the best case after some years, there might be around 10 router models from 5 vendors in use in most households and smaller/middle-sized companies. You don&#8217;t have to be paranoid to know that this is an open invitation for intelligence agencies to cooperate with the vendors or create remote attack tools for the few used router models.
68
+  „<em>And what has this to do with the NSA stuff?</em>“<br /> More than you might think. Imagine a country with 4 big ISPs and all with Compulsory Routers. In the best case after some years, there might be around 10 router models from 5 vendors in use in most households and smaller/middle-sized companies. You dont have to be paranoid to know that this is an open invitation for intelligence agencies to cooperate with the vendors or create remote attack tools for the few used router models.
69 69
 </p>
70 70
 
71 71
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
72
-  If your router, the first device behind the connection jack in your wall, is compromised, your whole network is compromised as well, no matter how strong your encryption techniques or your passwords are.<br /> And we? We would just have to endure this because we cannot buy the technology we trust in and we cannot use alternative Free Software firmwares. So it&#8217;s self-evident that we as freedom loving people have to do something about this problem to secure our own IT infrastructure!
72
+  If your router, the first device behind the connection jack in your wall, is compromised, your whole network is compromised as well, no matter how strong your encryption techniques or your passwords are.<br /> And we? We would just have to endure this because we cannot buy the technology we trust in and we cannot use alternative Free Software firmwares. So its self-evident that we as freedom loving people have to do something about this problem to secure our own IT infrastructure!
73 73
 </p>
74 74
 
75 75
 <p style="text-align: justify;">
76
-  Compulsory Routers are not only a technical, but also a political one. In Germany, we have a similar situation and until now it&#8217;s not clearly regulated what ISPs are allowed to enforce. Some great volunteers have worked together with Matthias and me on this issue for a longer period <a href="https://blogs.fsfe.org/mk/status-of-compulsory-routers-in-germany/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">and we had remarkable success</a>.<br /> But we&#8217;re still not done yet and there are many countries in which such policies are not forbidden or regulated yet. Maybe your&#8217;s is as well?<br /> If so or if you don&#8217;t know exactly, please <a href="https://wiki.fsfe.org/CompulsoryRouters" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">read and contribute to our wiki entry</a> where we wrote down many interesting background information, some argumentation guidelines, and tips how to stress the topic in media and public. If there are any questions, you can contact me anytime.
76
+  Compulsory Routers are not only a technical, but also a political one. In Germany, we have a similar situation and until now its not clearly regulated what ISPs are allowed to enforce. Some great volunteers have worked together with Matthias and me on this issue for a longer period <a href="https://blogs.fsfe.org/mk/status-of-compulsory-routers-in-germany/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">and we had remarkable success</a>.<br /> But were still not done yet and there are many countries in which such policies are not forbidden or regulated yet. Maybe your’s is as well?<br /> If so or if you don’t know exactly, please <a href="https://wiki.fsfe.org/CompulsoryRouters" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">read and contribute to our wiki entry</a> where we wrote down many interesting background information, some argumentation guidelines, and tips how to stress the topic in media and public. If there are any questions, you can contact me anytime.
77 77
 </p>

+ 12
- 12
content/blog/2014-02-14-i-love-znc-because-ilovefs.md View File

@@ -24,25 +24,25 @@ tags:
24 24
 [<img class="aligncenter" style="border: 0 !important;" alt="I love Free Software!" src="http://fsfe.org/campaigns/ilovefs/artwork/graphics/ilovefs-banner-large-en.png" />][1]
25 25
 
26 26
 <p style="padding-left: 30px;">
27
-  <em>Today is <a href="http://ilovefs.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">I love Free Software day 2014</a>. Using the slogan &#8222;I love Free Software but I love you more&#8220; this day should not only be used to thank our significant others for their love but also to say &#8222;thank you&#8220; to people who work hard to ease one&#8217;s everyday tasks with the software they develop.</em>
27
+  <em>Today is <a href="http://ilovefs.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">I love Free Software day 2014</a>. Using the slogan „I love Free Software but I love you more“ this day should not only be used to thank our significant others for their love but also to say „thank you“ to people who work hard to ease one’s everyday tasks with the software they develop.</em>
28 28
 </p>
29 29
 
30 30
 Have you ever been in an IRC channel?
31 31
   
32
-If not, you should try it, it&#8217;s a great and easy way of communication and very common.
32
+If not, you should try it, its a great and easy way of communication and very common.
33 33
   
34
-If yes, then the term &#8222;IRC Bouncer&#8220; might be familiar to you. It keeps &#8222;you&#8220; online 24/7 in the channel, although your device at home is offline. During this time, your slot in the channel is reserved by your bouncer.
34
+If yes, then the term „IRC Bouncer“ might be familiar to you. It keeps „you“ online 24/7 in the channel, although your device at home is offline. During this time, your slot in the channel is reserved by your bouncer.
35 35
 
36
-[<img class="alignleft size-medium wp-image-150" alt="ZNC" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc-300x145.png" width="300" height="145" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc-300x145.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc.png 549w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][2]In this blog post, I&#8217;d like to present <a href="http://wiki.znc.in/ZNC" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ZNC</a> to you, a beautiful piece of <a href="https://fsfe.org/about/basics/freesoftware.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Free Software</a> which you can install easily on a server, is highly configurable and consumes only little server resources.
36
+[<img class="alignleft size-medium wp-image-150" alt="ZNC" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc-300x145.png" width="300" height="145" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc-300x145.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc.png 549w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][2]In this blog post, Id like to present <a href="http://wiki.znc.in/ZNC" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ZNC</a> to you, a beautiful piece of <a href="https://fsfe.org/about/basics/freesoftware.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Free Software</a> which you can install easily on a server, is highly configurable and consumes only little server resources.
37 37
 
38
-&#8222;What the hell should this be for?!&#8220; you&#8217;re asking? Well, since I&#8217;m presenting ZNC, I can give you a few examples of the mightyness of this software:
38
+„What the hell should this be for?!“ you’re asking? Well, since I’m presenting ZNC, I can give you a few examples of the mightyness of this software:
39 39
 
40 40
   * Basic Functions 
41
-      * If you&#8217;re leaving the channel, ZNC can set an individual away status and reply to anyone how&#8217;s calling you directly in the channel or in a query that you&#8217;re unavailable at the moment
41
+      * If you’re leaving the channel, ZNC can set an individual away status and reply to anyone how’s calling you directly in the channel or in a query that you’re unavailable at the moment
42 42
       * You can add multiple IRC networks with only one account and one port. Similar bouncers like psybnc are unable to do this. You can edit your networks separately, for example with different nicknames or away messages
43
-      * You don&#8217;t want to quit IRC even if you have to because the ongoing discussion is so interesting? No problem with ZNC. ZNC can buffer the channel chat and queries to you, so you can everything if you&#8217;re back again. This also helps if you had connection issues and come back a few minutes later &#8211; you&#8217;ll never miss anything again
43
+      * You dont want to quit IRC even if you have to because the ongoing discussion is so interesting? No problem with ZNC. ZNC can buffer the channel chat and queries to you, so you can everything if you’re back again. This also helps if you had connection issues and come back a few minutes later – you’ll never miss anything again
44 44
 
45
-Well, these are only the basic functions. Below I added several others which have convinced me to keep using ZNC and nothing else. Of course, it&#8217;s Free Software (Apache 2.0 License) and it&#8217;s quite actively developed. If you have no server or no time to install something on it, you can also use one of the many <a href="http://wiki.znc.in/Providers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ZNC providers</a> for free.
45
+Well, these are only the basic functions. Below I added several others which have convinced me to keep using ZNC and nothing else. Of course, it’s Free Software (Apache 2.0 License) and it’s quite actively developed. If you have no server or no time to install something on it, you can also use one of the many <a href="http://wiki.znc.in/Providers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ZNC providers</a> for free.
46 46
 
47 47
 If you like ZNC as much as I do, please consider <a href="https://github.com/znc/znc" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">helping them</a> to improve the software or just <a href="http://wiki.znc.in/ZNC:Site_support" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">donate</a> to keep the very useful wiki alive!
48 48
 
@@ -52,13 +52,13 @@ Further cool functions you might find useful:
52 52
       * Installation is super-simple: Get the newest version, configure, make and make install. Then execute an configuration script which asks for the most important parameters while explaining them to you. Ready.
53 53
       * Upgrade is very easy. Some days ago I upgraded from 0.2x to 1.2, a large version step. No problem at all, all configuration has been adapted
54 54
       * Multi-user: You can set up an infinite amount of users per server/port, each with several networks.
55
-      * ZNC has a great webpanel which lets you administer everything. Of course, you can also do this directly in you IRC client if you&#8217;re connected
55
+      * ZNC has a great webpanel which lets you administer everything. Of course, you can also do this directly in you IRC client if youre connected
56 56
 
57 57
   * Nerdy stuff 
58 58
       * To protect you from suprises, you can enable modules like fail2ban (to block password bruteforcers), ctcpflood or crypt (to chat encrypted with other znc users without having them to install an extra plugin or client)
59
-      * You can automatically change your nick if you&#8217;re going offline. For example with &#8222;username_offline&#8220; you make clear that you&#8217;re definitely not available
60
-      * You can create custom CTCP replies. Try to write /ctcp USERNAME version and you&#8217;ll get detailed information about his IRC client. With ZNC, you can simply overwrite the default reply and send something generic instead
61
-      * You can even get shell access through your IRC client if you enable the function. Dunno what&#8217;s the advantage of this but it&#8217;s cool, right? ;)
59
+      * You can automatically change your nick if you’re going offline. For example with „username_offline“ you make clear that you’re definitely not available
60
+      * You can create custom CTCP replies. Try to write /ctcp USERNAME version and youll get detailed information about his IRC client. With ZNC, you can simply overwrite the default reply and send something generic instead
61
+      * You can even get shell access through your IRC client if you enable the function. Dunno what’s the advantage of this but it’s cool, right? ;)
62 62
 
63 63
  [1]: http://ilovefs.org
64 64
  [2]: https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-znc.png

+ 12
- 12
content/blog/2014-02-21-wirklich-sichere-whatsapp-alternativen.md View File

@@ -23,13 +23,13 @@ tags:
23 23
   - whatsapp
24 24
 
25 25
 ---
26
-<img class="alignleft  wp-image-172" alt="Gravestone with WhatsApp logo" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/rip-whatsapp.jpg" width="180" height="135" />Nachdem diese Woche bekannt wurde, dass Facebook es endlich geschafft hat, WhatsApp-Gründer Jan Koum und Brian Acton mit einer stolzen Summe von rund 16 Milliarden US-Dollar <a href="http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/uebernahme-in-der-technikbranche-facebook-kauft-whatsapp-1.1893830" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">zum Verkauf ihrer Firma</a> zu bewegen, fragen sich viele, was sich nun in Sachen Privatsphäre ändern wird &#8211; und wie man dem entgegenwirken kann. In diesme Artikel werde ich erläutern, was man bei der Wahl des richtigen Messengers beachten sollte, warum Threema nicht die Lösung ist und was wirklich sichere Alternativen sind.
26
+<img class="alignleft  wp-image-172" alt="Gravestone with WhatsApp logo" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/rip-whatsapp.jpg" width="180" height="135" />Nachdem diese Woche bekannt wurde, dass Facebook es endlich geschafft hat, WhatsApp-Gründer Jan Koum und Brian Acton mit einer stolzen Summe von rund 16 Milliarden US-Dollar <a href="http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/uebernahme-in-der-technikbranche-facebook-kauft-whatsapp-1.1893830" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">zum Verkauf ihrer Firma</a> zu bewegen, fragen sich viele, was sich nun in Sachen Privatsphäre ändern wird  und wie man dem entgegenwirken kann. In diesme Artikel werde ich erläutern, was man bei der Wahl des richtigen Messengers beachten sollte, warum Threema nicht die Lösung ist und was wirklich sichere Alternativen sind.
27 27
 
28 28
 ## Grundlegendes
29 29
 
30 30
 Prinzipiell geht es hier um zwei Aspekte von Datenschutz: Erstens der Schutz vor (halb)staatlicher Überwachung und zweitens der Schutz seiner persönlichen Daten vor privaten Konzernen, meist Werbetreibende.
31 31
   
32
-Beides sollte jedem von uns sehr wichtig sein, denn WhatsApp befördert noch kritischere Daten als Facebook heutzutage. Wissen wir mittlerweile, dass wir vielleicht nicht unbedingt unseren 300 &#8222;Freunden&#8220; auf Facebook unsere peinlichsten Momente per Video mitteilen sollten und dass dort vielleicht auch der künstige Arbeitgeber mitlesen kann, so chatten wir auf WhatsApp viel privater mit einer zweiten Person oder einer sich kennenden Gruppe. Die Hemmschwelle, mal eben lustig-peinliche Bilder zu schicken ist niedriger, genauso wie es einfacher ist, sich anzügliche Nachrichten und Medien hin- und herzuschicken. Bisher haben nur die wenigsten damit ein Problem gehabt, denn es blieb ja privat.
32
+Beides sollte jedem von uns sehr wichtig sein, denn WhatsApp befördert noch kritischere Daten als Facebook heutzutage. Wissen wir mittlerweile, dass wir vielleicht nicht unbedingt unseren 300 „Freunden“ auf Facebook unsere peinlichsten Momente per Video mitteilen sollten und dass dort vielleicht auch der künstige Arbeitgeber mitlesen kann, so chatten wir auf WhatsApp viel privater mit einer zweiten Person oder einer sich kennenden Gruppe. Die Hemmschwelle, mal eben lustig-peinliche Bilder zu schicken ist niedriger, genauso wie es einfacher ist, sich anzügliche Nachrichten und Medien hin- und herzuschicken. Bisher haben nur die wenigsten damit ein Problem gehabt, denn es blieb ja privat.
33 33
 
34 34
 Das war allerdings schon vor dem Kauf durch Facebook nicht garantiert. WhatsApp hat sich zwar von Anbeginn an den Grundsätzen verschrieben, unabhängig zu bleiben und keine Werbung zu schalten, aber die Nutzungsbedingungen waren schon damals kaum privatsphärenachtend. Dass sich das durch den Einstieg von Facebook rapide ins negative verändern wird, sollte aber jedem einleuchten: Facebook lebt durch den Verkauf von Werbung und den Verkauf von persönlichen Daten.
35 35
   
@@ -37,11 +37,11 @@ Ein Paar schickt sich anzügliche Bilder und Texte? Na was wäre da angebrachter
37 37
 
38 38
 ## Die Suche nach den Alternativen
39 39
 
40
-Jetzt geht in sozialen Netzwerken und in Onlinemagazinen die Suche nach Alternativen los &#8211; absolut berechtigt. Aber leider wird wieder nicht aus den Fehlern gelernt, die schon bei WhatsApp gemacht wurden: Wir vertrauen allzu oft dem bloßen Versprechen der App-Anbieter. Auch Jan Koum hat noch kürzlich gesagt, dass WhatsApp nicht verkauft wird und nicht auf Profit aus ist. Aber bei einer Summe mit 9 Nullen hintendran wird jeder schwach&#8230;
40
+Jetzt geht in sozialen Netzwerken und in Onlinemagazinen die Suche nach Alternativen los  absolut berechtigt. Aber leider wird wieder nicht aus den Fehlern gelernt, die schon bei WhatsApp gemacht wurden: Wir vertrauen allzu oft dem bloßen Versprechen der App-Anbieter. Auch Jan Koum hat noch kürzlich gesagt, dass WhatsApp nicht verkauft wird und nicht auf Profit aus ist. Aber bei einer Summe mit 9 Nullen hintendran wird jeder schwach
41 41
 
42
-**Threema** ist dafür ein trauriges Beispiel. Der kostenpflichtige Dienst wirbt mit hohen Verschlüsselungsstandards, den meisten Funktionen von WhatsApp und sicheren Servern in der Schweiz &#8211; und wird deswegen von vielen teils seriösen Zeitungen als &#8222;der NSA-Ärgerer&#8220; oder &#8222;sicherer Hafen für private Kommunikation&#8220; gepriesen. Doch es gibt ein grundlegendes Problem mit Threema: Es ist keine Freie Software.
42
+**Threema** ist dafür ein trauriges Beispiel. Der kostenpflichtige Dienst wirbt mit hohen Verschlüsselungsstandards, den meisten Funktionen von WhatsApp und sicheren Servern in der Schweiz – und wird deswegen von vielen teils seriösen Zeitungen als „der NSA-Ärgerer“ oder „sicherer Hafen für private Kommunikation“ gepriesen. Doch es gibt ein grundlegendes Problem mit Threema: Es ist keine Freie Software.
43 43
 
44
-> **Freie Software? Was&#8217;n das?<a href="https://fsfe.org/about/basics/freesoftware.de.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><br /> Freie Software</a>** wird oft auch als Open Source bezeichnet, also dass der Quellcode des Programms öffentlich ist. Dadurch kann jeder Interessierte _den Programmcode auf Hintertüren und Schwachstellen untersuchen_. Natürlich beherrscht das nicht jeder, aber es gibt genügend IT-Spezialisten, welche dies regelmäßig machen und somit einen großen Beitrag zur Sicherheit und Vertrauenswürdigkeit von gängigen Verschlüsselungstechniken beitragen: GnuPG (für E-Mails), Tor (zum anonymen Surfen) oder OTR (zum verschlüsselten Chat).
44
+> **Freie Software? Wasn das?<a href="https://fsfe.org/about/basics/freesoftware.de.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><br /> Freie Software</a>** wird oft auch als Open Source bezeichnet, also dass der Quellcode des Programms öffentlich ist. Dadurch kann jeder Interessierte _den Programmcode auf Hintertüren und Schwachstellen untersuchen_. Natürlich beherrscht das nicht jeder, aber es gibt genügend IT-Spezialisten, welche dies regelmäßig machen und somit einen großen Beitrag zur Sicherheit und Vertrauenswürdigkeit von gängigen Verschlüsselungstechniken beitragen: GnuPG (für E-Mails), Tor (zum anonymen Surfen) oder OTR (zum verschlüsselten Chat).
45 45
 > 
46 46
 > Freie Software (welche sich durch die Benutzung von freien Lizenzen definiert) geht auch einen Schritt weiter: Sie erlaubt jedem Menschen die Modifizierung des Programms und die Weiterveröffentlichung. Wird also der Entwickler einer Freien Software für Verschlüsselung aufgekauft und ist dadurch nicht mehr vertrauenswürdig, können Freiwillige den Quellcode kopieren, anpassen und unter einem anderen Namen wieder der Allgemeinheit frei zur Verfügung stellen. Somit geht eine Freie Software nicht verloren.
47 47
   
@@ -49,13 +49,13 @@ Jetzt geht in sozialen Netzwerken und in Onlinemagazinen die Suche nach Alternat
49 49
   
50 50
 >_ 
51 51
 
52
-Wir können also nie nachprüfen, ob Threema seine Versprechen hält, die Daten der Nutzer nicht weiterzugeben. Und es ist auch nicht zu überprüfen, ob die Verschlüsselung nicht ein Leck hat, sei es wissentlich oder nicht. Und wenn Threema in ein paar Jahren von einem Silicon Valley-Konzern (wer denkt da auch an Google?) aufgekauft wird, gehören die Daten wieder mal nicht uns, den Usern, sondern dem neuen Besitzer &#8211; und alles war umsonst.
52
+Wir können also nie nachprüfen, ob Threema seine Versprechen hält, die Daten der Nutzer nicht weiterzugeben. Und es ist auch nicht zu überprüfen, ob die Verschlüsselung nicht ein Leck hat, sei es wissentlich oder nicht. Und wenn Threema in ein paar Jahren von einem Silicon Valley-Konzern (wer denkt da auch an Google?) aufgekauft wird, gehören die Daten wieder mal nicht uns, den Usern, sondern dem neuen Besitzer  und alles war umsonst.
53 53
 
54
-Es gibt weitere Anbieter, die viel versprechen, aber in der Hinsicht wenig halten. Dazu gehören etwa **SilentCircle**, **Wickr** und nahezu alle Apps, die &#8222;verschlüsselten Chat&#8220; bieten, wenn man mal im Google Play Store sucht.
54
+Es gibt weitere Anbieter, die viel versprechen, aber in der Hinsicht wenig halten. Dazu gehören etwa **SilentCircle**, **Wickr** und nahezu alle Apps, die „verschlüsselten Chat“ bieten, wenn man mal im Google Play Store sucht.
55 55
   
56 56
 Andere Alternativ-Apps wie **Hike**, **Line** und **Viber** legen beispielsweise erst überhaupt keinen Wert auf Verschlüsselung und bieten dabei staatlichen Behörden, aber auch Hobbyhackern massenhaft Möglichkeiten, private Daten abzufangen.
57 57
 
58
-## Gibt&#8217;s denn überhaupt sichere Alternativen?
58
+## Gibts denn überhaupt sichere Alternativen?
59 59
 
60 60
 Ja, die gibt es, man muss sie nur finden! Sie müssen prinzipiell nur zwei Dinge erfüllen: Erstens Freie Software/Open Source und zweitens mit leistungsfähiger Verschlüsselung. Es gibt noch einige andere wünschenswerte Sachen, aber diese beiden sind grundlegend.
61 61
 
@@ -67,11 +67,11 @@ Wird surespot das erste mal nach Start des Geräts geöffnet, wird man nach sein
67 67
   
68 68
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Nachteile</span>: Bisher gibt keine Unterstützung von Gruppenchats und Videonachrichten.
69 69
 
70
-Eine weitere App ist **Telegram**, auch für Android und iOS. Was als erstes ins Auge sticht ist die enorme optische Ähnlichkeit mit Whatsapp. Auch Telegram verspricht effektive Verschlüsselung, allerdings muss die wirklich effektive Verschlüsselung erst jedes mal manuell aktiviert werden &#8211; sehr schade. Von unabhängigen Experten wurde auch die Leistungsfähigkeit der Verschlüsselung bemängelt. Positiv ist aber, dass Gruppenchats möglich sind und auch sonst kaum Funktionen von WhatsApp fehlen.
70
+Eine weitere App ist **Telegram**, auch für Android und iOS. Was als erstes ins Auge sticht ist die enorme optische Ähnlichkeit mit Whatsapp. Auch Telegram verspricht effektive Verschlüsselung, allerdings muss die wirklich effektive Verschlüsselung erst jedes mal manuell aktiviert werden  sehr schade. Von unabhängigen Experten wurde auch die Leistungsfähigkeit der Verschlüsselung bemängelt. Positiv ist aber, dass Gruppenchats möglich sind und auch sonst kaum Funktionen von WhatsApp fehlen.
71 71
   
72 72
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Vorteile</span>: Kaum ein Funktionsunterschied zu WhatsApp, grundlegende Verschlüsselung
73 73
   
74
-<span style="text-decoration: underline;">Nachteile</span>: &#8222;Secret Chats&#8220; müssen jedes mal manuell aktiviert werden, Verschlüsselung ist nicht auf höchstem Niveau
74
+<span style="text-decoration: underline;">Nachteile</span>: „Secret Chats“ müssen jedes mal manuell aktiviert werden, Verschlüsselung ist nicht auf höchstem Niveau
75 75
 
76 76
 **ChatSecure** für Android und iOS stammt vom renommierten Guardian Project, welches sich auf die Entwicklung von Apps für sichere Kommunikation konzentriert hat. Hervorstechend ist, dass es rein technisch die wohl sicherste Variante ist, da es auf OTR und XMPP aufsetzt und man auch seinen eigenen Server betreiben kann, also komplett unabhängig ist. Der eindeutige Nachteil ist, dass es eine andauernde Verbindung zum Server benötigt und dadurch ordentlich Batterie frisst. Dadurch kann man auch nicht chatten, wenn man offline ist. Zudem wird die iOS-Version leider durch das Apple-System alle 10 Minuten automatisch beendet.
77 77
   
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ Eine weitere App ist **Telegram**, auch für Android und iOS. Was als erstes ins
79 79
   
80 80
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Nachteile</span>: Akkufresser, auf iOS kaum nutzbar, Gruppenchats nicht möglich
81 81
 
82
-Ebenfalls erwähnenswert ist **TextSecure** (nicht verwechseln mit ChatSecure oben). Die Entwicklung dieser App ist etwas kompliziert, daher hier nur die Kurzzusammenfassung. Zu Anfang dieser App wurden Nachrichten verschlüsselt per SMS/MMS versendet, allerdings verursachte das zahlreiche Probleme, was den guten Ansatz getrübt hat. Das wurde jetzt über Bord geworfen und die Weiterentwicklung einer App ausschließlich auf Datenbasis (wie WhatsApp) hat begonnen. Diese wird Android und iOS unterstützen, Bilder, Videos und Gruppenchats werden auch dabei sein &#8211; und kostenlos soll&#8217;s auch werden! Zudem sind die Entwickler alle Größen in der Community.
82
+Ebenfalls erwähnenswert ist **TextSecure** (nicht verwechseln mit ChatSecure oben). Die Entwicklung dieser App ist etwas kompliziert, daher hier nur die Kurzzusammenfassung. Zu Anfang dieser App wurden Nachrichten verschlüsselt per SMS/MMS versendet, allerdings verursachte das zahlreiche Probleme, was den guten Ansatz getrübt hat. Das wurde jetzt über Bord geworfen und die Weiterentwicklung einer App ausschließlich auf Datenbasis (wie WhatsApp) hat begonnen. Diese wird Android und iOS unterstützen, Bilder, Videos und Gruppenchats werden auch dabei sein – und kostenlos soll’s auch werden! Zudem sind die Entwickler alle Größen in der Community.
83 83
   
84 84
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Vorteile</span>: Technisch einwandfreier Ansatz, state-of-the-art-Verschlüsselung
85 85
   
@@ -99,6 +99,6 @@ Auf kurze Sicht würde ich zu **surespot** oder **Telegram** raten, je nachdem,
99 99
 
100 100
 Auf lange Sicht hin lohnt es sich, **TextSecure** im Auge zu behalten. Wenn alles so wird, wie es momentan geplant ist, steht uns im Sommer ein Freudenfest für Datenschutz und Privatsphäre ins Haus! Auch **heml.is**, welches noch nicht veröffentlicht wurde, könnte ein guter Kandidat werden, allerdings gibt es noch kaum technische Hintergrundinfos und die sinngemäße Aussage, man versuche, so viel wie möglich Open Source zu machen, gibt einem zu denken. Also noch nicht zu häuslich in der WhatsApp-Alternative einrichten, mit Sicherheit kommt noch etwas besseres.
101 101
 
102
-> Nochmal: **Threema** klingt zwar toll, ist es aber allein vom Konzept nicht, da der Quellcode nicht öffentlich ist. _Nur Freie Software schützt effektiv die Sicherheit und Privatsphäre von uns Anwendern_ &#8211; alles andere sind schlicht Werbelügen und hohle Phrasen.
102
+> Nochmal: **Threema** klingt zwar toll, ist es aber allein vom Konzept nicht, da der Quellcode nicht öffentlich ist. _Nur Freie Software schützt effektiv die Sicherheit und Privatsphäre von uns Anwendern_  alles andere sind schlicht Werbelügen und hohle Phrasen.
103 103
 
104 104
 PS: Während dem Schreiben habe ich noch <a href="http://missingm.co/2014/02/fighting-dishfire-the-state-of-mobile-cross-platform-encrypted-messaging/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">einen netten Artikel</a> gefunden, der nochmal einige Apps gegenüberstellt und dabei auch mehr auf die dahinterliegende Technik eingeht.

+ 10
- 10
content/blog/2014-05-19-guter-e-mail-stil.md View File

@@ -37,11 +37,11 @@ Sollte man derjenige sein, der eine E-Mail versendet, sind bereits einige Dinge
37 37
 
38 38
 Der Betreff ist das erste, was der Empfänger erhält und auch das, an was er sich bei weiterer Kommunikation erinnert.
39 39
   
40
-Betreffe wie &#8222;_Echt wichtig!_&#8222;, &#8222;_Das könnte dich interessieren_&#8222;, &#8222;_:-)_&#8220; oder &#8222;_Es geht um die Webseite http://example.com zu der ich dich was fragen muss_&#8220; sind entweder nicht informativ genug, zu kurz oder zu lang. Betreffe sollten das Thema präzise in nicht mehr als 5 Wörtern zusammenfassen, etwa &#8222;_Fehlerhaftes Bild in Thunderbird-Artikel_&#8222;.
40
+Betreffe wie „_Echt wichtig!_„, „_Das könnte dich interessieren_„, „_:-)_“ oder „_Es geht um die Webseite http://example.com zu der ich dich was fragen muss_“ sind entweder nicht informativ genug, zu kurz oder zu lang. Betreffe sollten das Thema präzise in nicht mehr als 5 Wörtern zusammenfassen, etwa „_Fehlerhaftes Bild in Thunderbird-Artikel_„.
41 41
 
42 42
 ###### Adressierung
43 43
 
44
-Das ganze E-Mail-System ist sehr einfach aufgebaut und viele Funktionen machen die Kommunikation sehr strukturiert, ganz im Vergleich zu neueren Plattformen wie Facebook. Man könnte hier sehr in die Tiefe gehen und spezielle Methoden wie CC oder BCC erwähnen, aber für diese sehr grundlegende Anleitung reicht eines: Man kann in das &#8222;An:&#8220;-Feld mehrere Empfänger schreiben und muss seine einmal abgesendete E-Mail nicht mehrfach schreiben oder immer wieder weiterleiten. Das macht es für Empfänger gut sichtbar, an wen die Mail sonst noch so ging, und für den Sender gibt es ein Plus an Übersichtlichkeit und Transparenz, vor allem im Nachhinein.
44
+Das ganze E-Mail-System ist sehr einfach aufgebaut und viele Funktionen machen die Kommunikation sehr strukturiert, ganz im Vergleich zu neueren Plattformen wie Facebook. Man könnte hier sehr in die Tiefe gehen und spezielle Methoden wie CC oder BCC erwähnen, aber für diese sehr grundlegende Anleitung reicht eines: Man kann in das „An:“-Feld mehrere Empfänger schreiben und muss seine einmal abgesendete E-Mail nicht mehrfach schreiben oder immer wieder weiterleiten. Das macht es für Empfänger gut sichtbar, an wen die Mail sonst noch so ging, und für den Sender gibt es ein Plus an Übersichtlichkeit und Transparenz, vor allem im Nachhinein.
45 45
 
46 46
 ###### Format
47 47
 
@@ -60,20 +60,20 @@ Dadurch wird verhindert, dass Leute mit sehr breiten Bildschirmen elends lange Z
60 60
 
61 61
 ###### Stil
62 62
 
63
-Sollte eigentlich selbstverständlich sein, aber leider sieht man viel zu oft E-Mails mit grauenhafter Rechtschreibung, Zeichensetzung oder Formatierung. Ob man nun &#8222;Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren&#8220; oder einfach nur &#8222;Guten Tag&#8220; schreibt, das sollte man selbst je nach Situation entscheiden können, aber Rechtschreibung ist im privaten wie geschäftlichen Bereich immer von Wichtigkeit. Auch sollten die Grundprinzipien der Zeichensetzung tief verankert sein, etwa dass nach jedem Satzzeichen (Punkt, Komma, Semikolon, Ausrufe-/Fragezeichen) eine Leerstelle kommt. Des Weiteren empfiehlt es sich, in regelmäßigen Abständen neue Absätze zu machen, um den Text übersichtlich zu halten.
63
+Sollte eigentlich selbstverständlich sein, aber leider sieht man viel zu oft E-Mails mit grauenhafter Rechtschreibung, Zeichensetzung oder Formatierung. Ob man nun „Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren“ oder einfach nur „Guten Tag“ schreibt, das sollte man selbst je nach Situation entscheiden können, aber Rechtschreibung ist im privaten wie geschäftlichen Bereich immer von Wichtigkeit. Auch sollten die Grundprinzipien der Zeichensetzung tief verankert sein, etwa dass nach jedem Satzzeichen (Punkt, Komma, Semikolon, Ausrufe-/Fragezeichen) eine Leerstelle kommt. Des Weiteren empfiehlt es sich, in regelmäßigen Abständen neue Absätze zu machen, um den Text übersichtlich zu halten.
64 64
 
65 65
 ### Antworten
66 66
 
67 67
 Hat man eine neue E-Mail bekommen und möchte diese beantworten, gibt es auch wieder einige Dinge, die man beachten sollte, um seine Informationen möglichst leicht und übersichtlich unterzubringen und es dem entfernten Gegenüber leicht zu machen.
68 68
   
69
-Prinzipiell sollte man immer auf &#8222;Antworten&#8220; in seinem Mailprogramm drücken und nicht etwa eine neue E-Mail mit neuem Betreff verfassen.
69
+Prinzipiell sollte man immer auf „Antworten“ in seinem Mailprogramm drücken und nicht etwa eine neue E-Mail mit neuem Betreff verfassen.
70 70
 
71 71
 ###### Betreff
72 72
 
73 73
 Beim Antworten gibt es in puncto Betreff nur zwei Regeln:
74 74
 
75 75
   1. Betreff nicht verändern, wenn das Thema weiterhin dasselbe ist
76
-  2. Wenn sich das Thema ändert oder man noch etwas ganz anderes nachfragen will, sollte man dafür eine ganz neue E-Mail mit separatem Begriff verfassen. So ist nach einigen Monaten immer noch ersichtlich, dass es in einer Unterhaltung mit dem Thema &#8222;Meine neue Hose&#8220; nicht um politische Diskussionen geht.
76
+  2. Wenn sich das Thema ändert oder man noch etwas ganz anderes nachfragen will, sollte man dafür eine ganz neue E-Mail mit separatem Begriff verfassen. So ist nach einigen Monaten immer noch ersichtlich, dass es in einer Unterhaltung mit dem Thema „Meine neue Hose“ nicht um politische Diskussionen geht.
77 77
 
78 78
 ###### Zitierung
79 79
 
@@ -115,18 +115,18 @@ soll ich dir was mitbringen?
115 115
 Beste Grüße
116 116
 Oskar</pre>
117 117
 
118
-Wenn man diese Mail nach einigen Tagen öffnet, fragt man sich zurecht, was denn nun ein Bierkrug mit einer falschen Behauptung zu tun hat. Besser ist dabei der bereits erwähnte Inlinequote (&#8222;Zitat zwischen den Zeilen&#8220;):
118
+Wenn man diese Mail nach einigen Tagen öffnet, fragt man sich zurecht, was denn nun ein Bierkrug mit einer falschen Behauptung zu tun hat. Besser ist dabei der bereits erwähnte Inlinequote („Zitat zwischen den Zeilen“):
119 119
 
120 120
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">Lieber Oskar,
121 121
  
122 122
 Oskar schrieb:
123
-&gt; 2 + 2 = 5
123
+> 2 + 2 = 5
124 124
  
125 125
 das stimmt doch gar
126 126
 nicht. Richtig ist 4.
127 127
 
128
-&gt; Außerdem fahre ich bald nach Mallorca,
129
-&gt; soll ich dir was mitbringen?
128
+> Außerdem fahre ich bald nach Mallorca,
129
+> soll ich dir was mitbringen?
130 130
 
131 131
 Ich hätte gerne einen Bierkrug.
132 132
 
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ Das macht Unterhaltungen wesentlich übersichtlicher.
136 136
 
137 137
 ###### Antwort-Knopf
138 138
 
139
-Wie schon im ersten Abschnitt erwähnt, kann man Mails an mehrere Empfänger schreiben. Wenn man also auf eine Mail antwortet, die an mehrere Leute adressiert wurde, sollte man seine Antwort in den meisten Fällen auch an alle schreiben. Die meisten E-Mail-Programme bieten dafür einen &#8222;Allen antworten&#8220;-Knopf, der automatisch alle Empfänger und den ursprünglichen Sender einbindet. Das spart Zeit und Nerven und ist nur sinnvoll, damit etwa Fragen des ursprünglichen Senders nur ein mal beantwortet werden müssen bzw. aufeinander eingegangen werden kann &#8211; so wie im echten Leben.
139
+Wie schon im ersten Abschnitt erwähnt, kann man Mails an mehrere Empfänger schreiben. Wenn man also auf eine Mail antwortet, die an mehrere Leute adressiert wurde, sollte man seine Antwort in den meisten Fällen auch an alle schreiben. Die meisten E-Mail-Programme bieten dafür einen „Allen antworten“-Knopf, der automatisch alle Empfänger und den ursprünglichen Sender einbindet. Das spart Zeit und Nerven und ist nur sinnvoll, damit etwa Fragen des ursprünglichen Senders nur ein mal beantwortet werden müssen bzw. aufeinander eingegangen werden kann  so wie im echten Leben.
140 140
 
141 141
 ### Weiterleitungen
142 142
 

+ 4
- 4
content/blog/2014-09-18-birthday-calendar-with-owncloud-via-caldav.md View File

@@ -25,9 +25,9 @@ tags:
25 25
 
26 26
 Not a big issue in this blog post but an important one. Maybe I can save you some valuable time if you ever look for such a function.
27 27
 
28
-As you know I&#8217;m a heavy user of <a href="http://owncloud.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ownCloud</a> and you also might know that synchronisation is a big topic for me. And the third thing you should know that forgetting a good friend&#8217;s birthday really su&#8230; well, it&#8217;s no good style. This almost happened to me some days ago because I couldn&#8217;t check it on my Notebook with Thunderbird. My setup looks like this: All contacts (with birthday tags) in ownCloud, and these CardDAV address books are synced with my Android phone and Thunderbird/<a href="http://www.sogo.nu/downloads/frontends.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">SOGo-Connector</a> on my notebook, as well as the CalDAV calendars with <a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/de/thunderbird/addon/lightning/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lightning</a>.
28
+As you know Im a heavy user of <a href="http://owncloud.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ownCloud</a> and you also might know that synchronisation is a big topic for me. And the third thing you should know that forgetting a good friend’s birthday really su… well, it’s no good style. This almost happened to me some days ago because I couldn’t check it on my Notebook with Thunderbird. My setup looks like this: All contacts (with birthday tags) in ownCloud, and these CardDAV address books are synced with my Android phone and Thunderbird/<a href="http://www.sogo.nu/downloads/frontends.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">SOGo-Connector</a> on my notebook, as well as the CalDAV calendars with <a href="https://addons.mozilla.org/de/thunderbird/addon/lightning/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lightning</a>.
29 29
 
30
-For Android there are <a href="https://f-droid.org/repository/browse/?fdfilter=birthday&fdid=org.birthdayadapter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">several free software apps</a> which enable the inclusion of birthdays from your contacts into any calendar app. Some calendar apps even can do it theirselves. But for Thunderbird there are only some outdated add-ons. All of them don&#8217;t work with TB31 anymore and if you modify the install.rdf-file to make them run anyhow, they&#8217;re very buggy or just nonfunctional. And if you look in your ownCloud instance (where contacts&#8216; birthdays are visible in the calendar tab) for a downloadable/syncable calendar you&#8217;ll reach the same conclusion like me: There is none.
30
+For Android there are <a href="https://f-droid.org/repository/browse/?fdfilter=birthday&fdid=org.birthdayadapter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">several free software apps</a> which enable the inclusion of birthdays from your contacts into any calendar app. Some calendar apps even can do it theirselves. But for Thunderbird there are only some outdated add-ons. All of them don’t work with TB31 anymore and if you modify the install.rdf-file to make them run anyhow, they’re very buggy or just nonfunctional. And if you look in your ownCloud instance (where contacts‘ birthdays are visible in the calendar tab) for a downloadable/syncable calendar you’ll reach the same conclusion like me: There is none.
31 31
 
32 32
 But there is! 
33 33
 
@@ -37,8 +37,8 @@ And I only detected it while digging in some github issue threads. [This post][1
37 37
 
38 38
 `http(s)://YOUR-OC-URL/remote.php/caldav/calendars/YOUR-USER/contact_birthdays`
39 39
 
40
-And you know what? It works like a charm! No need for external add-ons or apps, no need for manual creation of birthday reminders, no need for apologising for (almost) missed birthdays. I just wonder why ownCloud hasn&#8217;t included this in either the webpanel or the documentation. It&#8217;s a well-working feature since at least one year, so why not including it officially? And if it&#8217;s a calendar technically, then it should also be possible to disable displaying the contacts&#8216; birthdays in the webpanel calendar app &#8211; a still non-existent &#8222;feature&#8220;.
40
+And you know what? It works like a charm! No need for external add-ons or apps, no need for manual creation of birthday reminders, no need for apologising for (almost) missed birthdays. I just wonder why ownCloud hasn’t included this in either the webpanel or the documentation. It’s a well-working feature since at least one year, so why not including it officially? And if it’s a calendar technically, then it should also be possible to disable displaying the contacts‘ birthdays in the webpanel calendar app – a still non-existent „feature“.
41 41
 
42
-So next time you have no excuse for forgetting a birthday &#8211; except for your ownCloud server&#8217;s outage ;)
42
+So next time you have no excuse for forgetting a birthday – except for your ownCloud server’s outage ;)
43 43
 
44 44
  [1]: https://github.com/owncloud/contacts/issues/67#issuecomment-30401668

+ 5
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content/blog/2014-09-28-setting-openstreetmap-as-default-in-thunderbird-contacts.md View File

@@ -20,13 +20,13 @@ tags:
20 20
   - tutorial
21 21
 
22 22
 ---
23
-[<img class="alignleft wp-image-241 size-medium" src="/uploads/tb-map-contact-300x98.png" alt="Thunderbird contact map button" width="300" height="98" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tb-map-contact-300x98.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tb-map-contact.png 531w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][1]If you use Thunderbird and its contact functionality, you might already have stumbled over the &#8222;show on map&#8220; feature. If you add addresses to your contacts (no matter if directly in Thunderbird or via CalDAV) there appears a button which enabled you to open a map with the contact&#8217;s location.
23
+[<img class="alignleft wp-image-241 size-medium" src="/uploads/tb-map-contact-300x98.png" alt="Thunderbird contact map button" width="300" height="98" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tb-map-contact-300x98.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tb-map-contact.png 531w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][1]If you use Thunderbird and its contact functionality, you might already have stumbled over the „show on map“ feature. If you add addresses to your contacts (no matter if directly in Thunderbird or via CalDAV) there appears a button which enabled you to open a map with the contacts location.
24 24
 
25
-The default search provider is Google Maps. If you don&#8217;t like this service and prefer free and open systems like me, you can also add [openstreetmap.org][2] as your default map service. You only have to change a value in the advanced configuration.
25
+The default search provider is Google Maps. If you dont like this service and prefer free and open systems like me, you can also add [openstreetmap.org][2] as your default map service. You only have to change a value in the advanced configuration.
26 26
 
27 27
 Open the _Settings_ menu, select the _<span class="menu">Advanced</span>_ panel, select the _<span class="menu">General</span>_ tab, and click _<span class="button">Config Editor</span>_<span class="button">. Now copy in the search field: <em>mail.addr_book.mapit_url.format</em> and double click on the string to edit it.<br /> </span>
28 28
 
29
-You should now see the default value. It&#8217;s nothing more than an URL with variables defined by the street, the country or the postal code of the respective contact. If you want to use Openstreetmap, fill in this value:
29
+You should now see the default value. Its nothing more than an URL with variables defined by the street, the country or the postal code of the respective contact. If you want to use Openstreetmap, fill in this value:
30 30
 
31 31
 <pre>https://www.openstreetmap.org/search?query=@A1+@A2+@CI+@ST+@ZI+@CO</pre>
32 32
 
@@ -34,9 +34,9 @@ Restart Thunderbird and test again with an existing contact. By clicking on the
34 34
 
35 35
 **Further reading:**
36 36
   
37
-For more information about Thunderbird&#8217;s config editor, see the official [knowledgebase entry][3]
37
+For more information about Thunderbirds config editor, see the official [knowledgebase entry][3]
38 38
   
39
-If you want to set other variables in the map query, there&#8217;re some hints on [Mozilla&#8217;s Hidden prefs guide][4]
39
+If you want to set other variables in the map query, there’re some hints on [Mozilla’s Hidden prefs guide][4]
40 40
 
41 41
  [1]: /uploads/tb-map-contact.png
42 42
  [2]: http://openstreetmap.org

+ 5
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content/blog/2014-10-24-my-internship-at-fsfe.md View File

@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ tags:
20 20
   - organisation
21 21
 
22 22
 ---
23
-I recently saw that the Free Software Foundation Europe is offering <a href="https://fsfe.org/news/2014/news-20141017-01.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a new and very interesting internship position</a>. That&#8217;s a great opportunity for every student interested in Free Software and political activism &#8212; and for me to write about my internship I completed from October 2013 until end of March 2014. Here&#8217;s a report I wrote some time ago:
23
+I recently saw that the Free Software Foundation Europe is offering <a href="https://fsfe.org/news/2014/news-20141017-01.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a new and very interesting internship position</a>. That’s a great opportunity for every student interested in Free Software and political activism — and for me to write about my internship I completed from October 2013 until end of March 2014. Heres a report I wrote some time ago:
24 24
 
25 25
 > Starting from October 2013 I was able to work 6 months as an intern for the Free Software Foundation Europe in Berlin. This was an internship required by my bachelor degree course at the University of Konstanz (Germany) where I study Politics and Public Administration. Some years before my internship I already was an FSFE Fellow and then decided to apply there.
26 26
 > 
@@ -28,16 +28,16 @@ I recently saw that the Free Software Foundation Europe is offering <a href="htt
28 28
 > 
29 29
 > The bigger part in my internship was political work. In Germany, various ISPs want to hinder end consumers to freely choose a router because they only want officially supported ones. Such policy comes with serious consequences for security, free competition, trust in technology, and compatibility. My tasks contained analysing regulation drafts, writing statements for public hearings and coordination with other activists. We summarized the issue and our work on <a href="https://fsfe.org/activities/routers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://fsfe.org/activities/routers</a>
30 30
 > 
31
-> After the parliamentary elections in Germany 2013 I analysed the Grand Coalition&#8217;s agreement to identify possible positive and negative effects on Free Software. I also was able to visit several politicians in the German Bundestag to talk with them about Free Software and upcoming important tasks we wanted to work on.
31
+> After the parliamentary elections in Germany 2013 I analysed the Grand Coalitions agreement to identify possible positive and negative effects on Free Software. I also was able to visit several politicians in the German Bundestag to talk with them about Free Software and upcoming important tasks we wanted to work on.
32 32
 > 
33
-> Besides I helped a lot organising our various campaigns like &#8222;Document Freedom Day&#8220; and &#8222;I love Free Software&#8220;. For many of these political tasks and campaigns I wrote press releases and public statements.
33
+> Besides I helped a lot organising our various campaigns like „Document Freedom Day“ and „I love Free Software“. For many of these political tasks and campaigns I wrote press releases and public statements.
34 34
 > 
35
-> During my internship I learned a lot about the structure and work in a multinational organisation and how to collaborate and talk with different people around the world. Another plus is the know-how I aquired by helping planning the various campaigns and analyses. When I was in Brussels and Chemnitz to help at FSFE&#8217;s booths during conferences I also learned very much about how to talk with people of all kinds and how to carry ideas and convictions to others.
35
+> During my internship I learned a lot about the structure and work in a multinational organisation and how to collaborate and talk with different people around the world. Another plus is the know-how I aquired by helping planning the various campaigns and analyses. When I was in Brussels and Chemnitz to help at FSFEs booths during conferences I also learned very much about how to talk with people of all kinds and how to carry ideas and convictions to others.
36 36
 > 
37 37
 > I will never regret applying for and completing the internship at FSFE. There were so many theoretical and practical things no study course can teach. Being able to work at the interface between communities, companies and politics is something every interested student should be granted.
38 38
 > 
39 39
 > I want to thank everybody who enabled the FSFE to offer these internships. Organisations like the Free Software Foundation Europe are important to bring equality and freedom to our society and these internships allow students to get an insight into this very interesting area of activity.
40 40
 
41
-This internship was a very general one so I was able to work in many different areas of FSFE&#8217;s activity. The offered internship is mostly about Document Freedom Day, FSFE&#8217;s largest campaign in which I also invested a lot of time. I&#8217;m quite sure that this position is also very interesting &#8212; and very important as well! So if you want to take responsibility and want to learn much about collaboration, worldwide activism and public relations, go ahead and apply for this internship!
41
+This internship was a very general one so I was able to work in many different areas of FSFE’s activity. The offered internship is mostly about Document Freedom Day, FSFE’s largest campaign in which I also invested a lot of time. I’m quite sure that this position is also very interesting — and very important as well! So if you want to take responsibility and want to learn much about collaboration, worldwide activism and public relations, go ahead and apply for this internship!
42 42
 
43 43
 If you are interested in this internship but you have some questions left, please feel free to <a href="//max.mehl.mx/contact/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ask me anything</a>.

+ 6
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content/blog/2014-11-10-freie-kommunikation-ist-essenz-des-lebens.md View File

@@ -21,19 +21,19 @@ tags:
21 21
   - whatsapp
22 22
 
23 23
 ---
24
-_Im Folgenden werde ich &#8211; durch meinen Gemütszustand etwas angefeuert &#8211; darlegen, wieso digitale Kommunikationsüberwachung Gift für unsere Gesellschaft ist, weil sie nichts anderes als Millionen Abhörwanzen und Kameras in unseren privatesten Räumen ist._
24
+_Im Folgenden werde ich – durch meinen Gemütszustand etwas angefeuert – darlegen, wieso digitale Kommunikationsüberwachung Gift für unsere Gesellschaft ist, weil sie nichts anderes als Millionen Abhörwanzen und Kameras in unseren privatesten Räumen ist._
25 25
 
26 26
 Seit einigen Monaten hat sich ein Grundkonflikt in den politischen Debatten verstärkt: Welche Kommunikation sollte überwacht werden dürfen und welche nicht? Ausschließlich inländische Kommunikation? Geschäftliche E-Mails? Telefongespräche über 20 Sekunden Dauer?
27 27
   
28
-Und parallel dazu bekomme ich seit mehreren Monaten regelmäßig Wutanfälle, nämlich wenn ich Kommentare von &#8222;Experten&#8220; und Laien lese, die solche künstliche Trennungen von Kommunikation und deren unterschiedliche Bewertung immer noch ernsthaft in Erwägung ziehen.
28
+Und parallel dazu bekomme ich seit mehreren Monaten regelmäßig Wutanfälle, nämlich wenn ich Kommentare von „Experten“ und Laien lese, die solche künstliche Trennungen von Kommunikation und deren unterschiedliche Bewertung immer noch ernsthaft in Erwägung ziehen.
29 29
 
30 30
 **Wieso ist Kommunikation = Kommunikation?**
31 31
 
32
-Weil Kommunikation &#8211; in welcher Form auch immer &#8211; schützenswert ist und privat bleiben muss, weil wir uns sonst als Gesellschaft aufgeben. Es ist witzlos, gesetzlich eine künstliche Trennung zwischen Kommunikationsarten ziehen zu wollen. Nur die Ewiggestrigen können ernsthaft vorhaben, analoge und digitale Unterhaltung, Schriftwechsel und Meinungsaustausch zu trennen und deren Inhalt unterschiedlich zu behandeln.
32
+Weil Kommunikation – in welcher Form auch immer – schützenswert ist und privat bleiben muss, weil wir uns sonst als Gesellschaft aufgeben. Es ist witzlos, gesetzlich eine künstliche Trennung zwischen Kommunikationsarten ziehen zu wollen. Nur die Ewiggestrigen können ernsthaft vorhaben, analoge und digitale Unterhaltung, Schriftwechsel und Meinungsaustausch zu trennen und deren Inhalt unterschiedlich zu behandeln.
33 33
 
34 34
 Ja, die technischen Wege der Kommunikationsformen sind unterschiedlich: Bei der einen rege ich durch Muskelbewegungen Vibrationen in der Luft an, die bei meinem Gegenüber im Ohr zu sinnvollen Informationen verarbeitet werden. Bei der anderen schicke ich (un)willkürlich Nullen und Einsen durch Netzwerke, die durch immer noch atemberaubende Technik an der anderen Seite wieder lesbar werden. Doch die Qualität ist dieselbe.
35 35
 
36
-**Stellen wir uns einmal vor&#8230;**
36
+**Stellen wir uns einmal vor**
37 37
 
38 38
 Nehmen wir ein realitätsnahes Beispiel: Frau und Herr Schuster.
39 39
 
@@ -53,11 +53,11 @@ Momentan ist in den meisten von uns der Gedanke verankert, dass das, was wir ein
53 53
 
54 54
 Doch was meinen Gruppenkindern (zum Glück?) noch fehlt, ist der Sinn dafür, sein Verhalten zu verändern, wenn man sich überwacht fühlt. Wieder nehmen wir unser Beispiel der Familie Schuster. Würde der Mann der Frau noch schöne Worte ins Ohr flüstern, wenn er wüsste, dass seine Kommunikation möglicherweise von einem Geheimdienstler, Unternehmen oder einer Polizistin abgehört werden könnte? Ich glaube nicht.
55 55
   
56
-Genauso wenig würde sie wahrscheinlich ihre möglicherweise sehr linke politische Denkweise in einem privaten Gespräch offenbaren. Wer weiß schon, welche politischen Kräfte in zehn oder zwanzig Jahren wirken und ob diese nicht auf Überwachungsmaterial von früher zugreifen, um die Bevölkerung &#8222;einschätzen&#8220; zu können?
56
+Genauso wenig würde sie wahrscheinlich ihre möglicherweise sehr linke politische Denkweise in einem privaten Gespräch offenbaren. Wer weiß schon, welche politischen Kräfte in zehn oder zwanzig Jahren wirken und ob diese nicht auf Überwachungsmaterial von früher zugreifen, um die Bevölkerung „einschätzen“ zu können?
57 57
 
58 58
 Kurzum: Menschen ändern ihr Verhalten drastisch, wenn sie sich belauscht und beobachten fühlen. Und bei einem weiteren Blick in die Zukunft wird dieses Dilemma noch stärker: Heute schreiben wir zwar E-Mails und Kurznachrichten und die Trennung zwischen analoger und digitaler Kommunikation ist noch einigermaßen verständlich. Doch wie sieht das in zehn oder zwanzig Jahren aus? Möglicherweise können wir uns da schon Gedanken schicken, E-Mails könnten intuitiv verfasst und dann beim Empfänger direkt hörbar abgespielt werden. Durch Virtual Reality-Technik könnte man auch bei räumlicher Trennung beieinander sein, über digitale Kanäle vernetzt.
59 59
 
60
-Und jetzt stellen wir uns mal vor, jegliche digitale Kommunikation könnte auch in Zukunft &#8211; so wie heute schon selbstverständlich &#8211; überwacht, angezapft, gespeichert und ausgewertet werden. Und meine Gruppenkinder würden dann anfangen zu verstehen, dass sie bei jeglichem Kontakt, der nicht komplett analog und geheim stattfindet, überwacht werden würden. Wären die kommenden Generationen noch freie Menschen oder schlicht Gefangene in gläsernen Zellen, umzingelt von Wanzen und Kameras?
60
+Und jetzt stellen wir uns mal vor, jegliche digitale Kommunikation könnte auch in Zukunft – so wie heute schon selbstverständlich – überwacht, angezapft, gespeichert und ausgewertet werden. Und meine Gruppenkinder würden dann anfangen zu verstehen, dass sie bei jeglichem Kontakt, der nicht komplett analog und geheim stattfindet, überwacht werden würden. Wären die kommenden Generationen noch freie Menschen oder schlicht Gefangene in gläsernen Zellen, umzingelt von Wanzen und Kameras?
61 61
 
62 62
 Als Jugendlicher hatte ich unglaubliche Vorfreude auf eine digitale Zukunft mit tausenden neuen Möglichkeiten. Heute habe ich Angst davor, was für eine Macht dort staatlichen und privaten Interessen zugeschanzt werden könnte und wie ich meine Verhaltensweisen dementsprechend anpassen muss, um mich nicht selbst zu stark verändern zu müssen.
63 63
 

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@@ -31,13 +31,13 @@ tags:
31 31
 ---
32 32
 Some days ago I noticed another time that I have far too less knowledge about Git.
33 33
   
34
-&#8222;Time to change that!&#8220;, I thought and set up [my own Git instance][1] and also installed gitweb for better usability.
34
+„Time to change that!“, I thought and set up [my own Git instance][1] and also installed gitweb for better usability.
35 35
 
36 36
 Upside 1: I can keep track of the many (mainly bash) scripts I wrote in the past and all the changes I will adopt in the future.
37 37
   
38 38
 Upside 2: You can hopefully benefit from using and reading my code. All code is licensed under GNU GPL v3 so please feel free to use, study, share and improve my work!
39 39
 
40
-Some noteworthy projects I&#8217;m (a bit) proud of:
40
+Some noteworthy projects Im (a bit) proud of:
41 41
 
42 42
   * [A seminar project with R to analyse over 300.000 SPON news articles whether and which country names appear][2]
43 43
   * [Fast download of mixcloud sets without throttle][3]
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ Any questions, ideas or improvements? Please contact me!
48 48
 
49 49
 **Update 26.02.2016:
50 50
   
51
-** I washed away the quite basic gitweb instance and moved to Gogs. Here&#8217;s [why and how][6]. Links to the project may have changed because of that (and I&#8217;m too lazy to change them here).
51
+** I washed away the quite basic gitweb instance and moved to Gogs. Here’s [why and how][6]. Links to the project may have changed because of that (and I’m too lazy to change them here).
52 52
 
53 53
  [1]: //src.mehl.mx
54 54
  [2]: //src.mehl.mx/uni-surprising-news-focus.git

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@@ -17,39 +17,39 @@ tags:
17 17
 ---
18 18
 _Diesen Beitrag gibt es auch [auf Deutsch][1] / This post is also available [in German][1]_
19 19
 
20
-As some of your already may know, I&#8217;m going to Tanzania for six months starting in March this year. In the city Moshi I&#8217;ll work as a volunteer computer teacher in a local institute for computer education.
20
+As some of your already may know, I’m going to Tanzania for six months starting in March this year. In the city Moshi I’ll work as a volunteer computer teacher in a local institute for computer education.
21 21
   
22
-In the upcoming weeks and months you can hopefully see some updates and pictures on this blog. Until then I&#8217;d like to answer some frequently asked questions:
22
+In the upcoming weeks and months you can hopefully see some updates and pictures on this blog. Until then Id like to answer some frequently asked questions:
23 23
 
24 24
 ###### Where the heck is Tanzania or Moshi?
25 25
 
26
-[<img class="alignright wp-image-278 size-thumbnail" src="/uploads/tanzania-map-150x150.png" alt="tanzania-map" width="150" height="150" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tanzania-map-150x150.png 150w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tanzania-map.png 240w" sizes="(max-width: 150px) 100vw, 150px" />][2]Tanzania is on Africa&#8217;s east coast, Kenya on its north coast border, Mozambique on its south. Some important localities in Tanzania are Lake Victoria, the Kilimanjaro or Zanzibar island.
26
+[<img class="alignright wp-image-278 size-thumbnail" src="/uploads/tanzania-map-150x150.png" alt="tanzania-map" width="150" height="150" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tanzania-map-150x150.png 150w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tanzania-map.png 240w" sizes="(max-width: 150px) 100vw, 150px" />][2]Tanzania is on Africas east coast, Kenya on its north coast border, Mozambique on its south. Some important localities in Tanzania are Lake Victoria, the Kilimanjaro or Zanzibar island.
27 27
   
28
-The capital is Dodoma, whereas the largest and most important city is Dar es Salaam. Moshi, where I will reside, is one of the largest cities with around 140.000 inhabitants. It&#8217;s right beneath the Kilimanjaro.
28
+The capital is Dodoma, whereas the largest and most important city is Dar es Salaam. Moshi, where I will reside, is one of the largest cities with around 140.000 inhabitants. Its right beneath the Kilimanjaro.
29 29
 
30 30
 ###### What exactly are you doing there?
31 31
 
32
-I&#8217;ll work as a computer and english teacher in Moshi Institute for Technology (MIT). They offer various courses for children and adults to spread IT knowledge in the urban and rural area around the city. I&#8217;m quite free to choose which courses I offer, for example I planned computer maintenance, website creation, office software or general usage of operating systems.
32
+Ill work as a computer and english teacher in Moshi Institute for Technology (MIT). They offer various courses for children and adults to spread IT knowledge in the urban and rural area around the city. Im quite free to choose which courses I offer, for example I planned computer maintenance, website creation, office software or general usage of operating systems.
33 33
 
34 34
 
35 35
   
36
-Since I endorse Free Software, I&#8217;d like to use it as much as possible. Reusing old hardware and working in a quite poor environment makes Free Software the only reasonable choice.
36
+Since I endorse Free Software, Id like to use it as much as possible. Reusing old hardware and working in a quite poor environment makes Free Software the only reasonable choice.
37 37
 
38 38
 ###### Do they even have technology there?
39 39
 
40 40
 Yes, they have. Mobile phones are quite widespread and the institute I work at has broadband internet connections. Okay, they have really old donated machines based on Pentium I up to Pentium III processors and I doubt that I can work with beamers.
41 41
   
42
-Aside from the lack of modern IT stuff it&#8217;s also hard to find modern cars or household equipment. Most of the houses even don&#8217;t have a unique post address or landline connection. Electricity is far away from being stable and let alone health care or hygiene.
42
+Aside from the lack of modern IT stuff it’s also hard to find modern cars or household equipment. Most of the houses even don’t have a unique post address or landline connection. Electricity is far away from being stable and let alone health care or hygiene.
43 43
 
44 44
 ###### Why are you doing this?
45 45
 
46
-There are many reasons but the most important one is to experience something really new. Call it break-out, call it adventure, I&#8217;m really keen on learning from a for me still unknown culture.
46
+There are many reasons but the most important one is to experience something really new. Call it break-out, call it adventure, Im really keen on learning from a for me still unknown culture.
47 47
   
48
-Another reason is to exchange knowledge and know-how. In our western culture we can have everything we need. In Tanzania that&#8217;s not the case so I would have to improvise a lot for my teaching. The other way round I hopefully have enough IT know-how to teach something useful to the courses&#8216; attendants.
48
+Another reason is to exchange knowledge and know-how. In our western culture we can have everything we need. In Tanzania thats not the case so I would have to improvise a lot for my teaching. The other way round I hopefully have enough IT know-how to teach something useful to the courses attendants.
49 49
 
50
-###### Aren&#8217;t you afraid of Ebola?
50
+###### Arent you afraid of Ebola?
51 51
 
52
-Yes, I&#8217;m afraid that even more people will die from this disease. But to be clear: The Ebola affected region is as ar away from Tanzania as southern Europe. Many inner-African airline routes have been cancelled to avoid Ebola&#8217;s spread inside Africa. It&#8217;s up to you to judge this policy of isolation but right now it&#8217;s quite safe in Tanzania.
52
+Yes, Im afraid that even more people will die from this disease. But to be clear: The Ebola affected region is as ar away from Tanzania as southern Europe. Many inner-African airline routes have been cancelled to avoid Ebola’s spread inside Africa. It’s up to you to judge this policy of isolation but right now it’s quite safe in Tanzania.
53 53
 
54 54
 Any further questions? Do not hesitate [to ask me][3]!
55 55
 

+ 5
- 5
content/blog/2015-01-24-yourls-url-shortener-for-turpial.md View File

@@ -29,9 +29,9 @@ Maybe you know [Yourls][1], a pretty cool URL shortener which you can set up on
29 29
   1. you can share long links with short urls and
30 30
   2. you can view and organise all links you ever shared (incl. statistics and so on).
31 31
 
32
-There are many alternatives like bit.ly, ur1.ca and so on, but Yourls belongs to YOU and you don&#8217;t have to pay attention to ToS changes or the provider&#8217;s financial status. AND you can use whichever domain you own, for example in my case it&#8217;s _s.mehl.mx/blabla_.
32
+There are many alternatives like bit.ly, ur1.ca and so on, but Yourls belongs to YOU and you don’t have to pay attention to ToS changes or the provider’s financial status. AND you can use whichever domain you own, for example in my case it’s _s.mehl.mx/blabla_.
33 33
 
34
-And maybe you also know [Turpial][2], a Twitter client for GNU/Linux systems (I don&#8217;t like Twitter&#8217;s web page). Until lately I used Choqok, a KDE optimised client, but there were many things which annoyed me: No image previews, slow development, unconvenient reply behaviour and so on. And hey, why not trying something new? So I started to use Turpial which seems to solve all these critic points. Well, like always I missed some preferences to configure. But since it&#8217;s [Free Software][3], one is able to look how the software works and to change it &#8211; and to share the improvements which I&#8217;ll do in the next step!
34
+And maybe you also know [Turpial][2], a Twitter client for GNU/Linux systems (I don’t like Twitter’s web page). Until lately I used Choqok, a KDE optimised client, but there were many things which annoyed me: No image previews, slow development, unconvenient reply behaviour and so on. And hey, why not trying something new? So I started to use Turpial which seems to solve all these critic points. Well, like always I missed some preferences to configure. But since it’s [Free Software][3], one is able to look how the software works and to change it – and to share the improvements which I’ll do in the next step!
35 35
 
36 36
 Turpial already offers some link shorteners but not Yourls. But we can add it manually. To do so, open the file _/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/libturpial/lib/services/url/shortypython/shorty.py_ as root. Now add the following somewhere between the already existing shorteners
37 37
 
@@ -50,13 +50,13 @@ class Yourls(Service):
50 50
 yourls = Yourls()
51 51
 </pre>
52 52
 
53
-Just replace YOUR\_DOMAIN and YOUR\_SIGNATURE accordingly. The usage of a signature enables you to hide your username and password when sending the shorten requests, like an API key and looks like _f51qw35w6_ ([more about passwordlessAPI][4]). You can retrieve your signature on your Yourls&#8216; Admin page via &#8222;Tools&#8220;.
53
+Just replace YOUR\_DOMAIN and YOUR\_SIGNATURE accordingly. The usage of a signature enables you to hide your username and password when sending the shorten requests, like an API key and looks like _f51qw35w6_ ([more about passwordlessAPI][4]). You can retrieve your signature on your Yourls‘ Admin page via „Tools“.
54 54
 
55 55
 Then add the new service to the list of shorteners. In the same file search for _services = {_ (on the bottom) and add somewhere in the following list:
56 56
 
57 57
 <pre lang="python">'yourls-instance': yourls,</pre>
58 58
 
59
-Well, then just restart Turpial, go to Preferences > Services and choose &#8222;yourls-instance&#8220; from the list of Short URL services. Congrats, you should be able to short your URLs with Yourls in Turpial now :)
59
+Well, then just restart Turpial, go to Preferences > Services and choose „yourls-instance“ from the list of Short URL services. Congrats, you should be able to short your URLs with Yourls in Turpial now :)
60 60
 
61 61
 Any problems or improvements? Drop me a message!
62 62
 
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ Any problems or improvements? Drop me a message!
65 65
  **Notes:**
66 66
 
67 67
   * For me, only hardcoding the signature worked but not the prompt for these data like in some other services stated in the file
68
-  * Another file worth your attention might be _/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/turpial/ui/qt/templates/style.css_. There you can change colors, fonts and so on. For example, the &#8222;Ubuntu&#8220; font wasn&#8217;t installed on my system so I just chose Sans Serif instead.
68
+  * Another file worth your attention might be _/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/turpial/ui/qt/templates/style.css_. There you can change colors, fonts and so on. For example, the „Ubuntu“ font wasn’t installed on my system so I just chose Sans Serif instead.
69 69
 
70 70
  [1]: http://yourls.org/
71 71
  [2]: http://turpial.org.ve/

+ 13
- 13
content/blog/2015-01-26-fellowship-elections.md View File

@@ -23,33 +23,33 @@ tags:
23 23
 ---
24 24
 Dear FSFE-Fellow,
25 25
 
26
-you hopefully visited this page because you want to give your precious vote for the FSFE&#8217;s Fellowship election (which starts to February 20) to one of the three candidates, Nicolas, Felix, or to me.
26
+you hopefully visited this page because you want to give your precious vote for the FSFEs Fellowship election (which starts to February 20) to one of the three candidates, Nicolas, Felix, or to me.
27 27
 
28
-The Fellowship Election takes place once a year. The elected person will be part of FSFE&#8217;s General Assembly, its most important organ, for 2 years. The GA makes important decisions like the strategic agenda or budget plans. The two Fellowship representatives have the honorable task to attend these discussion in the name of the hundreds and thousands of Fellows. Besides that, they can also use their weight to push changes to the FSFE which all Fellows might benefit from. So these elections are a very important democratic tool for YOU to influence FSFE&#8217;s future path.
28
+The Fellowship Election takes place once a year. The elected person will be part of FSFEs General Assembly, its most important organ, for 2 years. The GA makes important decisions like the strategic agenda or budget plans. The two Fellowship representatives have the honorable task to attend these discussion in the name of the hundreds and thousands of Fellows. Besides that, they can also use their weight to push changes to the FSFE which all Fellows might benefit from. So these elections are a very important democratic tool for YOU to influence FSFEs future path.
29 29
 
30 30
 In the next few paragraphs I want to tell you **who I am**, why I want to be **your representative**, why I may be the **right person** for that task and also why you **may not want to vote for me**.
31 31
 
32 32
 ###### About me
33 33
 
34
-My name is Max Mehl, 24 years old and currently living in Konstanz, Germany, next to the Swiss border. I&#8217;m in my last semester of Politics and Administration. Besides I work as an IT freelancer (computer support, websites, server administration) where I work with Free Software as much as possible. In some months I will [go to Tanzania][1], Africa for half a year to work there as a volunteer teacher.
34
+My name is Max Mehl, 24 years old and currently living in Konstanz, Germany, next to the Swiss border. Im in my last semester of Politics and Administration. Besides I work as an IT freelancer (computer support, websites, server administration) where I work with Free Software as much as possible. In some months I will [go to Tanzania][1], Africa for half a year to work there as a volunteer teacher.
35 35
 
36
-My connection to FSFE began 2011 when I subscribed FSFE&#8217;s translators mailing list. It didn&#8217;t took long until I became a proud Fellow like you. But all the time I wanted to do more &#8211; not because I had a lot of time but because I felt that this Free Software organisation is something special. And as luck would have it, I was able to do [my six months internship][2] (required by my university) at FSFE&#8217;s Berlin office where I met many staffers, GA members, Fellows and volunteers. With this motivation and gained knowledge I joined the germanophone team where I am as active as in web@ or translators@. On [my FSFE team page][3] there&#8217;re listed some campaigns and activities which I am involed into.
36
+My connection to FSFE began 2011 when I subscribed FSFE’s translators mailing list. It didn’t took long until I became a proud Fellow like you. But all the time I wanted to do more – not because I had a lot of time but because I felt that this Free Software organisation is something special. And as luck would have it, I was able to do [my six months internship][2] (required by my university) at FSFEs Berlin office where I met many staffers, GA members, Fellows and volunteers. With this motivation and gained knowledge I joined the germanophone team where I am as active as in web@ or translators@. On [my FSFE team page][3] therere listed some campaigns and activities which I am involed into.
37 37
 
38
-In my free time I am leading the local scouts group, and if there&#8217;s some time I play guitar and Pen&Paper RPGs.
38
+In my free time I am leading the local scouts group, and if theres some time I play guitar and Pen&Paper RPGs.
39 39
 
40 40
 ###### My goals as your representative
41 41
 
42
-During my internship where I was able to look behind many scenes I realised that one thing needs improvement for Fellows: more insight and transparency. Admit it: We&#8217;re supporting the FSFE financially (and that&#8217;s great!) but do you exactly know which people are using it for what? Wouldn&#8217;t it be good to have the possibility to 1. get to know the great people behind FSFE and 2. get to know what they are currently working on?
42
+During my internship where I was able to look behind many scenes I realised that one thing needs improvement for Fellows: more insight and transparency. Admit it: We’re supporting the FSFE financially (and that’s great!) but do you exactly know which people are using it for what? Wouldn’t it be good to have the possibility to 1. get to know the great people behind FSFE and 2. get to know what they are currently working on?
43 43
 
44
-When I spoke with some Fellows in my home town, most of them don&#8217;t know about our structure or the staffers and what they&#8217;re doing. I think, that&#8217;s something which has to be improved, for example by periodical small reports by the people themselves and the interesting things they&#8217;ve done in the, let&#8217;s say, last 4 weeks &#8211; from their personal perspective.
44
+When I spoke with some Fellows in my home town, most of them don’t know about our structure or the staffers and what they’re doing. I think, that’s something which has to be improved, for example by periodical small reports by the people themselves and the interesting things they’ve done in the, let’s say, last 4 weeks – from their personal perspective.
45 45
   
46
-And that wouldn&#8217;t even cause really more time consumption for the staffers because many reports already exist &#8211; they just have to made public in a way Fellows could be interested in (and not complicated organigrams or endless lists of avatars).
46
+And that wouldn’t even cause really more time consumption for the staffers because many reports already exist – they just have to made public in a way Fellows could be interested in (and not complicated organigrams or endless lists of avatars).
47 47
 
48
-From a Fellowship representative I also expect to be available for all kinds of questions and feedback of the people he represents. So for me it goes without saying that you could contact me anytime if you want to know something or want me to bring some input in the General Assembly. Of course, I would also still be an active member of the teams I&#8217;m working with at the moment, so translators@, web@, the compulsory routers team and some others would still have to read my mails :P
48
+From a Fellowship representative I also expect to be available for all kinds of questions and feedback of the people he represents. So for me it goes without saying that you could contact me anytime if you want to know something or want me to bring some input in the General Assembly. Of course, I would also still be an active member of the teams Im working with at the moment, so translators@, web@, the compulsory routers team and some others would still have to read my mails :P
49 49
 
50 50
 ###### A few reasons to vote for me
51 51
 
52
-The goals I explained above aren&#8217;t going to be easily implemented. FSFE is &#8211; like many others &#8211; a place where people like to discuss their opinion. My advantage is to know most of the many perspectives of FSFE: The view as a volunteer, a Fellow and a staffer. Especially as the last I had a quite good oversight over many aspects because I helped organising campaigns, co-worked with many people in- and outside of FSFE, followed a lot of internal discussions and also witnessed a few conflicts. I can relate to both our Fellows&#8216; side and the staffers&#8216; or GA members&#8216; side and I am confident to be able to intermediate when needed.
52
+The goals I explained above aren’t going to be easily implemented. FSFE is – like many others – a place where people like to discuss their opinion. My advantage is to know most of the many perspectives of FSFE: The view as a volunteer, a Fellow and a staffer. Especially as the last I had a quite good oversight over many aspects because I helped organising campaigns, co-worked with many people in- and outside of FSFE, followed a lot of internal discussions and also witnessed a few conflicts. I can relate to both our Fellows‘ side and the staffers‘ or GA members‘ side and I am confident to be able to intermediate when needed.
53 53
 
54 54
 ###### And a few reasons to not vote for me
55 55
 
@@ -57,15 +57,15 @@ When thinking about running for the seat as a Fellowship representative, there c
57 57
 
58 58
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">You are German</span>
59 59
   
60
-Yes, I know. There&#8217;re people complaining about the percentage of Germans or german-speakers inside FSFE. First of all, I cannot relate to this problem because there are a lot of people from other nationalities very active in FSFE and the whole Free Software movement. And second, I cannot understand this nationality-focussed point of view. We&#8217;re an European organisation, most of FSFE&#8217;s work is communicated in English on mailing lists and chats and if you take a look in the translators team you&#8217;ll see that collaboration between different nations and languages works. And additionally I live so close beneath the Swiss border that many &#8211; even German &#8211; people don&#8217;t even know in which country I live ;)
60
+Yes, I know. Therere people complaining about the percentage of Germans or german-speakers inside FSFE. First of all, I cannot relate to this problem because there are a lot of people from other nationalities very active in FSFE and the whole Free Software movement. And second, I cannot understand this nationality-focussed point of view. We’re an European organisation, most of FSFE’s work is communicated in English on mailing lists and chats and if you take a look in the translators team youll see that collaboration between different nations and languages works. And additionally I live so close beneath the Swiss border that many – even German – people don’t even know in which country I live ;)
61 61
 
62 62
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">You are male</span>
63 63
   
64
-True, it would be cool to have more women inside FSFE. Unfortunately there&#8217;re no women running for this seat so if you don&#8217;t vote for me or Felix and Nicolas because of this reason, please ask you female friends to get active in FSFE, become Fellow and run for this seat! There&#8217;ll be many people appreciating it :)
64
+True, it would be cool to have more women inside FSFE. Unfortunately there’re no women running for this seat so if you don’t vote for me or Felix and Nicolas because of this reason, please ask you female friends to get active in FSFE, become Fellow and run for this seat! Therell be many people appreciating it :)
65 65
 
66 66
 <span style="text-decoration: underline;">You are going to Tanzania soon</span>
67 67
   
68
-One may think that living in Africa makes it impossible for a western living to represent tech-savvy people. I don&#8217;t think so. There are many internet cafés, my workplace has two broadband connections and you can also have quite cheap internet connection via radio network. So I would still be able to follow discussions in mailing lists and answer your questions and concerns. And this stay in Tanzania would only last a quarter of the whole representative&#8217;s term.
68
+One may think that living in Africa makes it impossible for a western living to represent tech-savvy people. I dont think so. There are many internet cafés, my workplace has two broadband connections and you can also have quite cheap internet connection via radio network. So I would still be able to follow discussions in mailing lists and answer your questions and concerns. And this stay in Tanzania would only last a quarter of the whole representatives term.
69 69
 
70 70
  [1]: http://blog.mehl.mx/2015/next-station-tanzania/
71 71
  [2]: http://blog.mehl.mx/2014/my-internship-at-fsfe/

+ 7
- 7
content/blog/2015-02-14-i-love-taskwarrior-therefore-i-love-free-software.md View File

@@ -27,11 +27,11 @@ tags:
27 27
   - tutorial
28 28
 
29 29
 ---
30
-<img class="alignleft wp-image-330 size-full" src="/uploads/ilovefs-heart-px-e1423914430159.png" alt="ilovefs-heart-px" width="150" height="132" />&#8222;_It&#8217;s Valentine&#8217;s day and you&#8217;re writing a blog post? Are you nuts?_&#8220; you might ask. Well, but it&#8217;s not only Valentine&#8217;s day but also [I love Free Software][1] day. This day is proclaimed every year on February 14 by the Free Software Foundation Europe to thank all developers and contributors of Free Software (software you can use for any purpose, which source code you or others can analyze, which can be modified and distributed).
30
+<img class="alignleft wp-image-330 size-full" src="/uploads/ilovefs-heart-px-e1423914430159.png" alt="ilovefs-heart-px" width="150" height="132" />„_It’s Valentine’s day and you’re writing a blog post? Are you nuts?_“ you might ask. Well, but it’s not only Valentine’s day but also [I love Free Software][1] day. This day is proclaimed every year on February 14 by the Free Software Foundation Europe to thank all developers and contributors of Free Software (software you can use for any purpose, which source code you or others can analyze, which can be modified and distributed).
31 31
 
32 32
 As [last year with ZNC][2], I want to say thank you to a specific project which easies my daily life. As you might know by other blog posts here, organisation of tasks, mails and almost everything else is a very important issue for me. So this year I want to write some lines about [Taskwarrior][3], taskd and [Mirakel][4] which enable me to take some free time without thinking of task which I could possibly forget to accomplish later on.
33 33
 
34
-My head is full of ideas and mental To-Do lists and so I&#8217;m in need of a handy tool which allows me to write down and organise items at any place and time: At my desk, in bus or train, when I&#8217;m offline or abroad. And its important that I don&#8217;t have (analog and digital) bits of paper everywhere, so I need a **system that syncs all task inputs and outputs**. I tried a lot of tools but Taskwarrior was the best so far. It used the well-known &#8222;Getting Things Done&#8220; concept with different priorities. Taskwarrior also supports tagging tasks, organising them in projects, due dates, postponing, making tasks dependend on others and much more. And Taskwarrior has a (modifyable) **algorhythm that sorts your tasks by urgency levels**, so that the most important tasks always are on the top of the list. Even now I just took a glance at what Taskwarrior is able to do!
34
+My head is full of ideas and mental To-Do lists and so Im in need of a handy tool which allows me to write down and organise items at any place and time: At my desk, in bus or train, when I’m offline or abroad. And its important that I don’t have (analog and digital) bits of paper everywhere, so I need a **system that syncs all task inputs and outputs**. I tried a lot of tools but Taskwarrior was the best so far. It used the well-known „Getting Things Done“ concept with different priorities. Taskwarrior also supports tagging tasks, organising them in projects, due dates, postponing, making tasks dependend on others and much more. And Taskwarrior has a (modifyable) **algorhythm that sorts your tasks by urgency levels**, so that the most important tasks always are on the top of the list. Even now I just took a glance at what Taskwarrior is able to do!
35 35
 
36 36
 <div id="attachment_333" style="width: 310px" class="wp-caption alignright">
37 37
   <a href="/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior-gallery.jpg"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-333" class="wp-image-333 size-medium" src="/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior-gallery-300x225.jpg" alt="Picture of a woman with a chalk board which expresses her apreciation for Taskwarrior" width="300" height="225" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior-gallery-300x225.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior-gallery-1024x768.jpg 1024w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior-gallery.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
@@ -41,9 +41,9 @@ My head is full of ideas and mental To-Do lists and so I&#8217;m in need of a ha
41 41
   </p>
42 42
 </div>
43 43
 
44
-&#8222;_Services and programs that organise tasks aren&#8217;t very special!_&#8220; one might think. But if you prefer sorting tasks digitally, you cannot simply chose a random todo-organising service provider. **Most of the tools and services on the market aren&#8217;t free and transparent**. All input may no longer belong to you, all the gathered information (which is a lot if you think of it!) could be used for targeted ads or worse. You cannot modify the algorhythm to suit your needs. And what happens if the service provider goes bankrupt? All data, all project history and all pending tasks would be lost at once. So using a free (as in freedom), decentralised, maybe self-hosted service is the best idea to organise your tasks decentrally.
44
+„_Services and programs that organise tasks aren’t very special!_“ one might think. But if you prefer sorting tasks digitally, you cannot simply chose a random todo-organising service provider. **Most of the tools and services on the market arent free and transparent**. All input may no longer belong to you, all the gathered information (which is a lot if you think of it!) could be used for targeted ads or worse. You cannot modify the algorhythm to suit your needs. And what happens if the service provider goes bankrupt? All data, all project history and all pending tasks would be lost at once. So using a free (as in freedom), decentralised, maybe self-hosted service is the best idea to organise your tasks decentrally.
45 45
 
46
-But one thing at a time, let&#8217;s start from the very basic. You can install Taskwarrior and almost any operating system. After the installation, taskwarrior isn&#8217;t much more than a black window with white letters in it. And even when you&#8217;re a pro-user, you won&#8217;t find much more than white or colourful text on black background &#8211; and this is a good thing! I&#8217;ve seen no graphical user interface which can handle Taskwarrior&#8217;s complexity and the users&#8216; needs sufficiently (but [there are some][5], feel free to test them!). Nevertheless, **it&#8217;s quite easy to use Taskwarrior** from your terminal:
46
+But one thing at a time, lets start from the very basic. You can install Taskwarrior and almost any operating system. After the installation, taskwarrior isn’t much more than a black window with white letters in it. And even when you’re a pro-user, you won’t find much more than white or colourful text on black background – and this is a good thing! I’ve seen no graphical user interface which can handle Taskwarrior’s complexity and the users‘ needs sufficiently (but [there are some][5], feel free to test them!). Nevertheless, **it’s quite easy to use Taskwarrior** from your terminal:
47 47
 
48 48
 <pre>$ task add "This is my first task"          # Add your first item
49 49
 $ task long                                 # Show all pending tasks
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ $ task long                                 # Show all pending tasks
54 54
 $ task 1 done                               # Mark first task as done (ID = 1)
55 55
 </pre>
56 56
 
57
-There are many useful and well understandable guides in the [project&#8217;s documentation][6]. Most likely you do not need every command but maybe it&#8217;s useful to read something about techniques which might help you to organise your tasks your way.
57
+There are many useful and well understandable guides in the [project’s documentation][6]. Most likely you do not need every command but maybe it’s useful to read something about techniques which might help you to organise your tasks your way.
58 58
 
59 59
 <div id="attachment_337" style="width: 310px" class="wp-caption alignright">
60 60
   <a href="/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior2.gif"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-337" class="size-medium wp-image-337" src="/uploads/ilovefs-taskwarrior2-300x225.gif" alt="Some useful commands of Taskwarrior (using some fish shell features)" width="300" height="225" /></a>
@@ -64,9 +64,9 @@ There are many useful and well understandable guides in the [project&#8217;s doc
64 64
   </p>
65 65
 </div>
66 66
 
67
-But Taskwarrior is only for your local computer. What&#8217;s if you want to use it when sitting in the bus and don&#8217;t want to forget a ToDo item you want to write down at the very moment? Then there&#8217;s a **handy application for Android called** [Mirakel][7]. Even the app itself is powerful, but it&#8217;s full potential is unleashed when combining it with Taskwarrior. For this, **we need a central instance** which synchronises the tasks you add or edit on your devices. The Taskwarrior project developed taskd for it which you can easily setup on a server. You can also use Mirakel&#8217;s own public taskd server (at least in the past) if you don&#8217;t own a server or don&#8217;t want to maintain this service.
67
+But Taskwarrior is only for your local computer. What’s if you want to use it when sitting in the bus and don’t want to forget a ToDo item you want to write down at the very moment? Then there’s a **handy application for Android called** [Mirakel][7]. Even the app itself is powerful, but it’s full potential is unleashed when combining it with Taskwarrior. For this, **we need a central instance** which synchronises the tasks you add or edit on your devices. The Taskwarrior project developed taskd for it which you can easily setup on a server. You can also use Mirakel’s own public taskd server (at least in the past) if you don’t own a server or don’t want to maintain this service.
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-So if you connect both Taskwarrior and Mirakel to the new taskd server, you can easily share all tasks among them. When marking a task done on your smartphone, it&#8217;s marked as done on your home computer some seconds or minutes later if you want to. Security is an important part of taskwarrior as well, so transport encryption is on by default. And if you want, you can also try a [web interface][5] or other handy tools and extensions for your server and client which I haven&#8217;t tested yet.
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+So if you connect both Taskwarrior and Mirakel to the new taskd server, you can easily share all tasks among them. When marking a task done on your smartphone, its marked as done on your home computer some seconds or minutes later if you want to. Security is an important part of taskwarrior as well, so transport encryption is on by default. And if you want, you can also try a [web interface][5] or other handy tools and extensions for your server and client which I havent tested yet.
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 Hopefully you now know a bit more about Taskwarrior and Mirakel and the great tools they designed. Of course I do not only want to recommend some software but also use this opportunity to say a big **THANK YOU** to all the people behind these projects! Thank your for developing the software and making it compatible to each other. Thanks to the various contributors which are writing the important documentation, adding new languages, writing tools and bridges for other usage scenarios and thank you for reacting to bug reports. People like you make Free Software possible!
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-Yesterday I&#8217;ve been asked by a good friend of mine why I am investing so much time in the <a href="https://fsfe.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">FSFE</a> (Free Software¹ Foundation Europe) instead of putting more energy in other organisations with more focus on privacy issues. The background of his question is that I&#8217;m quite concerned about governmental and commercial surveillance and the lack of really private ways to communicate with each other and the impact this has on our online and offline behaviour. With Laura Poitras&#8216; recent movie &#8222;Citizenfour&#8220; awarded with an Oscar, I use the media attention as an icebreaker to talk with my friends about these topics if the situation allows it.
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+Yesterday Ive been asked by a good friend of mine why I am investing so much time in the <a href="https://fsfe.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">FSFE</a> (Free Software¹ Foundation Europe) instead of putting more energy in other organisations with more focus on privacy issues. The background of his question is that Im quite concerned about governmental and commercial surveillance and the lack of really private ways to communicate with each other and the impact this has on our online and offline behaviour. With Laura Poitras‘ recent movie „Citizenfour“ awarded with an Oscar, I use the media attention as an icebreaker to talk with my friends about these topics if the situation allows it.
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26
-Back to question which can also be read as &#8222;**Why are you investing your time in Free Software** instead of privacy which seems to touch you more?&#8220;. To be honest I had to think about this a bit. But then I remembered <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qwhB-u7PiI" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Jacob Appelbaum saying</a> &#8222;_[&#8230;] what people used to call liberty and freedom we now call privacy_&#8222;. And I think that&#8217;s the reason why I stick with putting my energy as activist in FSFE rather than in other (very good!) organisations: Because I think that freedom is the foundation of everything we call privacy today and in the future. I&#8217;ll explain that in the following paragraphs.It already has been said in many blog posts, articles, press releases, and interviews from people in- and outside the Free Software movement that Free Software (sometimes also called Open Source) is the key to privacy, mostly because only Free Software is the only sane way how to publish serious encryption methods. Of course the very basis for encryption is trust, and trust is only gained by transparency and the possibility to look behind the scenes.
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+Back to question which can also be read as **Why are you investing your time in Free Software** instead of privacy which seems to touch you more?. To be honest I had to think about this a bit. But then I remembered <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qwhB-u7PiI" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Jacob Appelbaum saying</a> „_[…] what people used to call liberty and freedom we now call privacy_„. And I think that’s the reason why I stick with putting my energy as activist in FSFE rather than in other (very good!) organisations: Because I think that freedom is the foundation of everything we call privacy today and in the future. Ill explain that in the following paragraphs.It already has been said in many blog posts, articles, press releases, and interviews from people in- and outside the Free Software movement that Free Software (sometimes also called Open Source) is the key to privacy, mostly because only Free Software is the only sane way how to publish serious encryption methods. Of course the very basis for encryption is trust, and trust is only gained by transparency and the possibility to look behind the scenes.
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-But for me, it goes **much further than just the rational reason** why Free Software is the basis for privacy programs. I invest my time in the FSFE because it&#8217;s about freedom. We can have as good privacy-enhancing tools as possible, without freedom they are worth nothing. I&#8217;m not (only) talking about physical freedom, but more about the freedom to interact with the society in a way one can determine. Imagine following &#8211; not unrealistic &#8211; situation: You can communicate with your friends anonymously over perfectly encrypted channels and this is good. But now your country&#8217;s financial office urges you to give information about your tax situation in an electronical way &#8211; which is only possible by using a proprietary (and therefore insecure) operating system. And inside the tax administration all your sensitive files reside on proprietary servers, are opened on insecure systems, and with zero transparency.
28
+But for me, it goes **much further than just the rational reason** why Free Software is the basis for privacy programs. I invest my time in the FSFE because its about freedom. We can have as good privacy-enhancing tools as possible, without freedom they are worth nothing. Im not (only) talking about physical freedom, but more about the freedom to interact with the society in a way one can determine. Imagine following – not unrealistic – situation: You can communicate with your friends anonymously over perfectly encrypted channels and this is good. But now your country’s financial office urges you to give information about your tax situation in an electronical way – which is only possible by using a proprietary (and therefore insecure) operating system. And inside the tax administration all your sensitive files reside on proprietary servers, are opened on insecure systems, and with zero transparency.
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-Or another example: You are oblidged by your internet provider to use their router and <a href="https://fsfe.org/activities/routers/routers.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">you&#8217;re not allowed to replace</a> it by an alternative device. Even your country&#8217;s net agency or economical ministry allows it, which is the current state in many European countries. You may use Tor or VPN but you still don&#8217;t know if they track metadata like your connection times and volume, MAC addresses, number of connected devices, preferred anonymisation techniques, or phone call destinations. Or they just throttle all communication which they cannot read or which is directed to services like Tor.
30
+Or another example: You are oblidged by your internet provider to use their router and <a href="https://fsfe.org/activities/routers/routers.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">you’re not allowed to replace</a> it by an alternative device. Even your country’s net agency or economical ministry allows it, which is the current state in many European countries. You may use Tor or VPN but you still dont know if they track metadata like your connection times and volume, MAC addresses, number of connected devices, preferred anonymisation techniques, or phone call destinations. Or they just throttle all communication which they cannot read or which is directed to services like Tor.
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-In these cases **software privacy is of little use**. It&#8217;s about regulations, it&#8217;s about changing the toughts of political actors, it&#8217;s about dirty politics and dust-dry laws &#8211; and it&#8217;s about freedom. About our freedom of choice, not only which software we want to use, but also the ways we want to communicate, which devices and file format we want to choose, and the things we want to say publicly and not only encrypted in the dark. Privacy is necessary for situations in which we cannot speak or act freely, but freedom is the only way how to improve the world we&#8217;re living in so that we won&#8217;t have to fight for the right of privacy anymore. And freedom in all ways is what the FSFE stands for, not only by improving software but by informing the public and politicians, and by putting political pressure on decision makers. Because freedom is the foundation for a society in which someday privacy can be the most normal thing.
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+In these cases **software privacy is of little use**. It’s about regulations, it’s about changing the toughts of political actors, it’s about dirty politics and dust-dry laws – and it’s about freedom. About our freedom of choice, not only which software we want to use, but also the ways we want to communicate, which devices and file format we want to choose, and the things we want to say publicly and not only encrypted in the dark. Privacy is necessary for situations in which we cannot speak or act freely, but freedom is the only way how to improve the world we’re living in so that we won’t have to fight for the right of privacy anymore. And freedom in all ways is what the FSFE stands for, not only by improving software but by informing the public and politicians, and by putting political pressure on decision makers. Because freedom is the foundation for a society in which someday privacy can be the most normal thing.
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-This, dear friend, is the reason why I volunteer for the FSFE &#8211; and therefore also for privacy.
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+This, dear friend, is the reason why I volunteer for the FSFE  and therefore also for privacy.
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-  Pole pole &#8211; das ist die typisch tansanische Mentalität, alles etwas ruhiger und langsamer angehen zu lassen. Und wahrscheinlich ist das auch der Grund, warum ich erst einen Monat nach meiner Ankunft in Tansania dazu komme, einen ersten Blogeintrag über meine bisherigen Erfahrungen zu schreiben. Ich bin hier von Anfang März bis Ende Juli als Freiwilliger in einer Organisation tätig, die die Bildung von jungen Menschen und der ländlichen Bevölkerung durch Einsatz und Schulung von IT verbessern will. Im Folgenden möchte ich kurz einen Rundumblick über mein Leben hier und die Bedingungen geben, konkret über meinen Alltag, die Gefahren, meine Arbeit als Freiwilliger, die einheimische Bevölkerung und Kultur, Wetter und Natur sowie das liebe Geld:
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+  Pole pole  das ist die typisch tansanische Mentalität, alles etwas ruhiger und langsamer angehen zu lassen. Und wahrscheinlich ist das auch der Grund, warum ich erst einen Monat nach meiner Ankunft in Tansania dazu komme, einen ersten Blogeintrag über meine bisherigen Erfahrungen zu schreiben. Ich bin hier von Anfang März bis Ende Juli als Freiwilliger in einer Organisation tätig, die die Bildung von jungen Menschen und der ländlichen Bevölkerung durch Einsatz und Schulung von IT verbessern will. Im Folgenden möchte ich kurz einen Rundumblick über mein Leben hier und die Bedingungen geben, konkret über meinen Alltag, die Gefahren, meine Arbeit als Freiwilliger, die einheimische Bevölkerung und Kultur, Wetter und Natur sowie das liebe Geld:
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-  <a href="/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon.jpg"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-359" class="size-medium wp-image-359" src="/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon-300x225.jpg" alt="Blick auf das &quot;Dach Afrikas&quot; von unserer Haustür" width="300" height="225" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon-300x225.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon.jpg 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
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+  <a href="/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon.jpg"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-359" class="size-medium wp-image-359" src="/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon-300x225.jpg" alt="Blick auf das "Dach Afrikas" von unserer Haustür" width="300" height="225" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon-300x225.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/tz-kilimanjaro-balkon.jpg 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
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-    Blick auf das &#8222;Dach Afrikas&#8220; von unserer Haustür
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+    Blick auf das „Dach Afrikas“ von unserer Haustür
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-  Eine der häufigsten Fragen ist die nach der Gefährlichkeit. Kurzum: Es ist nicht viel gefährlicher als in einer deutschen Großstadt, wenn man sich nicht vollkommen daneben verhält und ein paar Grundregeln beachtet. Tagsüber haben wir noch nie davon gehört, dass jemand beklaut wurde, obwohl wir allein von der Hautfarbe her natürlich extrem auffällig sind. Moshi gilt als sehr sicher (was auf einige andere südlichere Großstädte in Tansania allerdings nicht zutrifft). Die größte Gefahr im Hellen ist es, in der ersten Zeit auf einen der zahlreichen Straßenverkäufer reinzufallen, die einem zuerst erzählen, wie toll sie arme Waisenkinder unterstützen und nach 5 Minuten plötzlich dubiose Safaris oder Halsketten anbieten &#8211; aber da lernt man schnell draus :)
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+  Eine der häufigsten Fragen ist die nach der Gefährlichkeit. Kurzum: Es ist nicht viel gefährlicher als in einer deutschen Großstadt, wenn man sich nicht vollkommen daneben verhält und ein paar Grundregeln beachtet. Tagsüber haben wir noch nie davon gehört, dass jemand beklaut wurde, obwohl wir allein von der Hautfarbe her natürlich extrem auffällig sind. Moshi gilt als sehr sicher (was auf einige andere südlichere Großstädte in Tansania allerdings nicht zutrifft). Die größte Gefahr im Hellen ist es, in der ersten Zeit auf einen der zahlreichen Straßenverkäufer reinzufallen, die einem zuerst erzählen, wie toll sie arme Waisenkinder unterstützen und nach 5 Minuten plötzlich dubiose Safaris oder Halsketten anbieten  aber da lernt man schnell draus :)
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-  In der Dunkelheit allerdings sind selbst normale Tansanier gut damit beraten, Bus oder Taxi zu nehmen. Armut und Arbeitslosigkeit locken Gelegenheitsdiebe hervor, die technische Geräte und Geld von den Unglücklichen abstauben wollen, aber diese dann meist ziehen lassen &#8211; ein Vorteil der kaum vorhandenen Kleinverbrechensaufklärung der hiesigen Polizei. Da das Taxi hier aber je nach Distanz 1,50€ bis 2,50€ pro Fahrt kostet, gehen wir Voluntäre da sowieso auf Nummer sicher und hatten in letzter Zeit nie Probleme.
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+  In der Dunkelheit allerdings sind selbst normale Tansanier gut damit beraten, Bus oder Taxi zu nehmen. Armut und Arbeitslosigkeit locken Gelegenheitsdiebe hervor, die technische Geräte und Geld von den Unglücklichen abstauben wollen, aber diese dann meist ziehen lassen  ein Vorteil der kaum vorhandenen Kleinverbrechensaufklärung der hiesigen Polizei. Da das Taxi hier aber je nach Distanz 1,50€ bis 2,50€ pro Fahrt kostet, gehen wir Voluntäre da sowieso auf Nummer sicher und hatten in letzter Zeit nie Probleme.
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-  Momentan aber ist <a href="http://www.tareo-tz.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">die neue Webseite von TAREO</a> (mittlerweile schon online) mein Hauptprojekt. Bisher hatte die Dachorganisation eine eigene Präsenz, genauso wie zwei der Center und der IT-Service &#8211; jeweils alle hoffnungslos veraltet und optisch ein Graus. Ich fasse nun alle Infos und einer modernen Webseite zusammen, strukturiere sie ordentlich, mache sie attraktiver für Sponsoren und interessierte Freiwillige und  besser auffindbar über Suchmaschinen. Mein Hauptaugenmerk liegt aber auf der einfachen Bedienung für die zuständigen Mitarbeiter, damit sie in Zukunft schnell Infos hinzufügen oder Bilder ändern können.
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+  Momentan aber ist <a href="http://www.tareo-tz.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">die neue Webseite von TAREO</a> (mittlerweile schon online) mein Hauptprojekt. Bisher hatte die Dachorganisation eine eigene Präsenz, genauso wie zwei der Center und der IT-Service  jeweils alle hoffnungslos veraltet und optisch ein Graus. Ich fasse nun alle Infos und einer modernen Webseite zusammen, strukturiere sie ordentlich, mache sie attraktiver für Sponsoren und interessierte Freiwillige und  besser auffindbar über Suchmaschinen. Mein Hauptaugenmerk liegt aber auf der einfachen Bedienung für die zuständigen Mitarbeiter, damit sie in Zukunft schnell Infos hinzufügen oder Bilder ändern können.
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-  Diese Arbeit war zeitraubender als gedacht, weil es mehr Informationen, Schulen und Kurse zu vereinheitlichen galt als ich anfangs dachte. Möchte man dann noch aktuelle Bilder von den Einrichtungen auftreiben und vielleicht noch Fotos von den verschiedenen Mitarbeitern sammeln, kann sich das ganze nach hinten verschieben &#8211; pole pole halt. Bis Mitte/Ende April möchte ich dieses umfangreiche Projekt aber fertiggestellt haben und mich auf die Schulung von Lehrern des MIT konzentrieren. Momentan schwebt mit vor, die alte Software (und vielleicht auch Hardware) in der Einrichtung zu mordernisieren und dabei die 4 Lehrkräfte im Sinne von Learning by Doing einzubinden. Diese sind meist theoretisch recht fit und höchst interessiert, aber haben noch nie einen modernen Server angefasst oder eine Webseite online gestellt, weil einfach die Mittel dazu fehlen &#8211; etwas schade, wenn sie darüber unterrichten.
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+  Diese Arbeit war zeitraubender als gedacht, weil es mehr Informationen, Schulen und Kurse zu vereinheitlichen galt als ich anfangs dachte. Möchte man dann noch aktuelle Bilder von den Einrichtungen auftreiben und vielleicht noch Fotos von den verschiedenen Mitarbeitern sammeln, kann sich das ganze nach hinten verschieben  pole pole halt. Bis Mitte/Ende April möchte ich dieses umfangreiche Projekt aber fertiggestellt haben und mich auf die Schulung von Lehrern des MIT konzentrieren. Momentan schwebt mit vor, die alte Software (und vielleicht auch Hardware) in der Einrichtung zu mordernisieren und dabei die 4 Lehrkräfte im Sinne von Learning by Doing einzubinden. Diese sind meist theoretisch recht fit und höchst interessiert, aber haben noch nie einen modernen Server angefasst oder eine Webseite online gestellt, weil einfach die Mittel dazu fehlen  etwas schade, wenn sie darüber unterrichten.
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-  Im April befindet sich Tansania für gewöhnlich in der großen Regenzeit, die Mitte/Ende März beginnt und bis Ende Mai dauert. Wer jetzt an Dauerregen und überschwemmte Straßen denkt, irrt genauso wie ich zu Anfang. Regenzeit bedeutet, dass es nachts mal ein paar Stunden regnet und tagsüber vielleicht mal maximal eine Stunde &#8211; dann aber wie aus Kübeln! Daher ist es auch etwas kälter als im hiesigen Sommer (November bis Februar), zumindest wenn man 28°C als kalt bezeichnen will. In höheren Lagen allerdings bewirkt dieser Regen wahre Wunder: Sandbraune Wiesen werden zu blühenden Äckern und jeder Schilling wird in die Landwirtschaft gesteckt. Selbst hier in Moshi sieht man plötzlich mehr Grün. Wir sind mal gespannt, wie sich die Regenzeit noch entwickelt und ob es hoffentlich noch kühler wird.
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+  Im April befindet sich Tansania für gewöhnlich in der großen Regenzeit, die Mitte/Ende März beginnt und bis Ende Mai dauert. Wer jetzt an Dauerregen und überschwemmte Straßen denkt, irrt genauso wie ich zu Anfang. Regenzeit bedeutet, dass es nachts mal ein paar Stunden regnet und tagsüber vielleicht mal maximal eine Stunde  dann aber wie aus Kübeln! Daher ist es auch etwas kälter als im hiesigen Sommer (November bis Februar), zumindest wenn man 28°C als kalt bezeichnen will. In höheren Lagen allerdings bewirkt dieser Regen wahre Wunder: Sandbraune Wiesen werden zu blühenden Äckern und jeder Schilling wird in die Landwirtschaft gesteckt. Selbst hier in Moshi sieht man plötzlich mehr Grün. Wir sind mal gespannt, wie sich die Regenzeit noch entwickelt und ob es hoffentlich noch kühler wird.
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-  Vergleichsweise teuer sind hier aber importierte Produkte. 1kg Müsli bekommt man hier nicht für unter 5€, ein bisschen Käse schlägt auch mit mindestens 5€ zu Buche, echte Butter mit 4€ pro 250g. Werkzeuge sind ebenfalls mindestens doppelt so teuer wie im heimischen Baumarkt. Ein Liter Diesel kostet hier umgerechnet 80 Cent, eine kWh Strom 15 Cent &#8211; beides also für das tansanische Preisniveau sehr teuer. Beim Essen in Restaurants kommt es ganz klar darauf an, wo man hin geht. Die großen Touri-Restaurants, die in TripAdvisor o.ä. gelistet werden, sind auch für deutsche Verhältnisse mittelklassig teuer. Geht man aber in kleinere oder unbekanntere Läden, zahlt man für ein ausgiebiges und oft sehr gutes Essen auch mal nur 2,50€.
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+  Vergleichsweise teuer sind hier aber importierte Produkte. 1kg Müsli bekommt man hier nicht für unter 5€, ein bisschen Käse schlägt auch mit mindestens 5€ zu Buche, echte Butter mit 4€ pro 250g. Werkzeuge sind ebenfalls mindestens doppelt so teuer wie im heimischen Baumarkt. Ein Liter Diesel kostet hier umgerechnet 80 Cent, eine kWh Strom 15 Cent  beides also für das tansanische Preisniveau sehr teuer. Beim Essen in Restaurants kommt es ganz klar darauf an, wo man hin geht. Die großen Touri-Restaurants, die in TripAdvisor o.ä. gelistet werden, sind auch für deutsche Verhältnisse mittelklassig teuer. Geht man aber in kleinere oder unbekanntere Läden, zahlt man für ein ausgiebiges und oft sehr gutes Essen auch mal nur 2,50€.
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-[<img class=" size-medium wp-image-376 alignright" src="/uploads/mit-2-300x225.jpg" alt="mit-2" width="250" height="200" />][1]After two months in Tanzania and in the computer education centre I work every day I learnt a lot about the culture of the locals in terms of their viewpoint on information technology. And in the same way I had to accept that my initial mental image of the people&#8217;s behaviour was (at least in parts) very wrong. So in this article I try to explain how I see the situation of modern technologies and the usage and understanding of Free Software in the region of Tanzania where I live.
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+[<img class=" size-medium wp-image-376 alignright" src="/uploads/mit-2-300x225.jpg" alt="mit-2" width="250" height="200" />][1]After two months in Tanzania and in the computer education centre I work every day I learnt a lot about the culture of the locals in terms of their viewpoint on information technology. And in the same way I had to accept that my initial mental image of the peoples behaviour was (at least in parts) very wrong. So in this article I try to explain how I see the situation of modern technologies and the usage and understanding of Free Software in the region of Tanzania where I live.
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-> Free Software guarantees the full rights to use, study, share and improve it (but is not necessarily free of gratis). This sounds like something only interesting for IT specialists and nerds. But given the importance of software in our lifes one has to reconsider: Software controls our mobile phones, cars, air planes, heating systems, power plants, bank accounts and medical equipment. The one who controls this software is also the one who controls most parts of our lifes. Questions like &#8222;Does all my data belong to someone else?&#8220;, &#8222;Is my data safe?&#8220; and &#8222;Who knows how much about me?&#8220; can only be answered when we start thinking about Free Software. By some people Free Software is also called Open Source. [More about Free Software][2].
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+> Free Software guarantees the full rights to use, study, share and improve it (but is not necessarily free of gratis). This sounds like something only interesting for IT specialists and nerds. But given the importance of software in our lifes one has to reconsider: Software controls our mobile phones, cars, air planes, heating systems, power plants, bank accounts and medical equipment. The one who controls this software is also the one who controls most parts of our lifes. Questions like „Does all my data belong to someone else?“, „Is my data safe?“ and „Who knows how much about me?“ can only be answered when we start thinking about Free Software. By some people Free Software is also called Open Source. [More about Free Software][2].
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-Let&#8217;s start with a list of what I thought and what&#8217;s in fact the reality:
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+Let’s start with a list of what I thought and what’s in fact the reality:
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 ##### Misconception I
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-Before I went to Tanzania it was quite clear to me that people here value Free Software quite much. This is because a lot of Free Software is also free of cost. Why should people use Windows, Adobe Photoshop and Microsoft Office when there&#8217;s also GNU/Linux, GIMP and LibreOffice/OpenOffice?
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+Before I went to Tanzania it was quite clear to me that people here value Free Software quite much. This is because a lot of Free Software is also free of cost. Why should people use Windows, Adobe Photoshop and Microsoft Office when theres also GNU/Linux, GIMP and LibreOffice/OpenOffice?
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 ##### Reality I
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-&#8222;Free Software? What is this and can I eat it?&#8220; It&#8217;s not that drastical though but the core message remains the same: The broad average population doesn&#8217;t know about Free Software and Open Source or even the applications I listed. When I gave a small workshop about GNU/Linux, noone of my students knew about it. But as we installed replacements of popular non-free software like LibreOffice, GIMP or VLC the questions marks in my students&#8216; heads became almost visible. Although they liked the idea of the whole world working on this software and that it&#8217;s for free, they asked me afterwards &#8222;&#8230;and how can we install Microsoft Frontpage?&#8220;. This is the perfect time for misconception 2.
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+„Free Software? What is this and can I eat it?“ It’s not that drastical though but the core message remains the same: The broad average population doesnt know about Free Software and Open Source or even the applications I listed. When I gave a small workshop about GNU/Linux, noone of my students knew about it. But as we installed replacements of popular non-free software like LibreOffice, GIMP or VLC the questions marks in my students heads became almost visible. Although they liked the idea of the whole world working on this software and that it’s for free, they asked me afterwards „…and how can we install Microsoft Frontpage?“. This is the perfect time for misconception 2.
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39 39
 ##### Misconception II
40 40
 
41
-&#8222;Free Software is cool&#8220;. This is what I and many other people think. It takes power away from single and very large IT-companies to us, the users and small companies. It enables a free and fair market competition and can support our data privacy and civil rights protection in various ways. In western countries I can almost understand that there&#8217;re people who mistakenly think that only expensive products by big brands can be quality products. But in Africa? Never ever! The people are quite poor and why shouldn&#8217;t they value products which are for free **and** good?
41
+„Free Software is cool“. This is what I and many other people think. It takes power away from single and very large IT-companies to us, the users and small companies. It enables a free and fair market competition and can support our data privacy and civil rights protection in various ways. In western countries I can almost understand that therere people who mistakenly think that only expensive products by big brands can be quality products. But in Africa? Never ever! The people are quite poor and why shouldnt they value products which are for free **and** good?
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43 43
 ##### Reality II
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45
-Apart from the fact that many people don&#8217;t know about alternatives to popular non-free software, they also cannot believe that something is for free. Many people here have arranged themselves with sharing illegal (and often virus-infested) copies of Windows and Microsoft Office. And especially in the rather &#8222;rich&#8220; northern Tanzania, everything is about money. Asking to take a photo of a group of Maasai people in a nice background setting? 2000 Shilling. Somebody escorting you to a place you didn&#8217;t find? 500-1000 Shilling.
45
+Apart from the fact that many people dont know about alternatives to popular non-free software, they also cannot believe that something is for free. Many people here have arranged themselves with sharing illegal (and often virus-infested) copies of Windows and Microsoft Office. And especially in the rather „rich“ northern Tanzania, everything is about money. Asking to take a photo of a group of Maasai people in a nice background setting? 2000 Shilling. Somebody escorting you to a place you didnt find? 500-1000 Shilling.
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47
-However, I was able to convince my students that in the case of Free Software most software is really for free in terms of free beer but only after clear up many questions about it. The idea that something so valuable and created by so many people in so many working hours is really for free &#8211; almost unbelievable, even for my local co-teachers.
47
+However, I was able to convince my students that in the case of Free Software most software is really for free in terms of free beer but only after clear up many questions about it. The idea that something so valuable and created by so many people in so many working hours is really for free  almost unbelievable, even for my local co-teachers.
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49 49
 ##### Misconception III
50 50
 
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-I&#8217;ve been tinkering with computers and software since my youth when I reinstalled my operating systems at least once a month and started exploring the internet. I did this because I was interested in technology and wanted to explore its and my limits, but also because even back then I knew that IT will become more and more important and those who don&#8217;t understand it will rather be left behind.
51
+Ive been tinkering with computers and software since my youth when I reinstalled my operating systems at least once a month and started exploring the internet. I did this because I was interested in technology and wanted to explore its and my limits, but also because even back then I knew that IT will become more and more important and those who dont understand it will rather be left behind.
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-I thought in Tanzania it&#8217;s a similar situation but somehow easier for the population. I thought that they have very limited technology here but that they know about the importance of computers and software in the industrial countries &#8211; and it&#8217;s quite obvious that with several years delay they will reach the same level of IT-dependency than we have today. So I thought the people here would care about technology and will try to learn as much as possible about it to improve their career chances and catch up the industrial countries.
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+I thought in Tanzania its a similar situation but somehow easier for the population. I thought that they have very limited technology here but that they know about the importance of computers and software in the industrial countries – and it’s quite obvious that with several years delay they will reach the same level of IT-dependency than we have today. So I thought the people here would care about technology and will try to learn as much as possible about it to improve their career chances and catch up the industrial countries.
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 ##### Reality III
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-_(Disclaimer here: This is just my personal and at the moment very subjective view)_ It&#8217;s not that the people here are lazy and miss the future. They already have the future and it&#8217;s too much for them. Most of the Tanzanians in the city have a smartphone, some even have several. The mobile internet is partly better than in Germany, many companies already heavily depend on computers and I&#8217;m asked for my Facebook and WhatsApp contact details almost every day.
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+_(Disclaimer here: This is just my personal and at the moment very subjective view)_ It’s not that the people here are lazy and miss the future. They already have the future and it’s too much for them. Most of the Tanzanians in the city have a smartphone, some even have several. The mobile internet is partly better than in Germany, many companies already heavily depend on computers and Im asked for my Facebook and WhatsApp contact details almost every day.
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-The in some way funny thing is that they know all this (modern smartphone apps, newest iPhone&#8217;s details) but if they&#8217;re asked to download and install an application on their own Windows computer, even my IT-students reach their limits.
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+The in some way funny thing is that they know all this (modern smartphone apps, newest iPhone’s details) but if they’re asked to download and install an application on their own Windows computer, even my IT-students reach their limits.
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61 61
 ### Why?
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-That&#8217;s one of the questions I have in my mind every day. Why don&#8217;t they know about other software than the most popular (and even not best). Why do they refuse alternatives even if they just benefit their financial and infrastructural situation (no money, old computers, slow internet)? And why don&#8217;t they even know the most basic things but enjoy quite modern technologies?
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+That’s one of the questions I have in my mind every day. Why don’t they know about other software than the most popular (and even not best). Why do they refuse alternatives even if they just benefit their financial and infrastructural situation (no money, old computers, slow internet)? And why dont they even know the most basic things but enjoy quite modern technologies?
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-I assume it&#8217;s because of the very rapid and overwhelming change that the people here experienced. Before the smartphones they only had very old computers, mostly donated or from the trash bin of the industrial countries. While we already enjoyed internet, they had to linger around with ancient machines. And on these machines there was preinstalled Windows and maybe applications like Photoshop and Microsoft Office. It was almost impossible for them to download OpenOffice or GIMP because landline internet (ISDN, DSL) is very uncommon here.
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+I assume its because of the very rapid and overwhelming change that the people here experienced. Before the smartphones they only had very old computers, mostly donated or from the trash bin of the industrial countries. While we already enjoyed internet, they had to linger around with ancient machines. And on these machines there was preinstalled Windows and maybe applications like Photoshop and Microsoft Office. It was almost impossible for them to download OpenOffice or GIMP because landline internet (ISDN, DSL) is very uncommon here.
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-So they didn&#8217;t know about any alternatives and were happy to be able to use at least some applications. And here a second reason kicks in: How to learn to use a software properly? There&#8217;re almost no schools who teach usage of computers and their applications. And small companies cannot afford the expenses to train their employees in IT. So the limited supply of technology is further limited by the missing knowledge. As a side note: A volunteer friend of mine here told me that he fascinated his whole working place by showing the people that there&#8217;s something like _=SUM()_ in Excel. Before that they wrote down long lists of numbers in Excel but calculated them by hand. It was a micro-finance organisation which lend small amounts of money to communities and single persons&#8230;
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+So they didnt know about any alternatives and were happy to be able to use at least some applications. And here a second reason kicks in: How to learn to use a software properly? Therere almost no schools who teach usage of computers and their applications. And small companies cannot afford the expenses to train their employees in IT. So the limited supply of technology is further limited by the missing knowledge. As a side note: A volunteer friend of mine here told me that he fascinated his whole working place by showing the people that theres something like _=SUM()_ in Excel. Before that they wrote down long lists of numbers in Excel but calculated them by hand. It was a micro-finance organisation which lend small amounts of money to communities and single persons
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69
-And then, the smartphones came. And the companies offering mobile internet for affordable rates. People don&#8217;t rely on home computers and landline connections anymore but can chat and surf everywhere. They&#8217;re given the technology but not the knowledge. Although it works like a charm, many don&#8217;t know anything about it or how it works. When one of my students asked me how I learnt about web programming I showed him how to use internet search engines properly. He was stunned the whole day about sources of knowledge like wikibooks.org. And when I told the other student that apps on smartphones are just like programs on classic computers he asked where to find the Google Play Store on his Windows laptop.
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+And then, the smartphones came. And the companies offering mobile internet for affordable rates. People don’t rely on home computers and landline connections anymore but can chat and surf everywhere. They’re given the technology but not the knowledge. Although it works like a charm, many don’t know anything about it or how it works. When one of my students asked me how I learnt about web programming I showed him how to use internet search engines properly. He was stunned the whole day about sources of knowledge like wikibooks.org. And when I told the other student that apps on smartphones are just like programs on classic computers he asked where to find the Google Play Store on his Windows laptop.
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71
-**Tanzanians are not stupid and they&#8217;re not lazy**. The students I referred to in this article are keen on learning new things and improving their lifes. However it&#8217;s hard to understand for first world people like me how they behave and think about many things. For me many people here are some kind of paralyzed by the rushing modern technologies coming from the industrialised nations without any education about it. So I still try to find a good way to teach my students and co-teachers the importance of computer and software knowledge as well as the benefits of Free Software.
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+**Tanzanians are not stupid and theyre not lazy**. The students I referred to in this article are keen on learning new things and improving their lifes. However its hard to understand for first world people like me how they behave and think about many things. For me many people here are some kind of paralyzed by the rushing modern technologies coming from the industrialised nations without any education about it. So I still try to find a good way to teach my students and co-teachers the importance of computer and software knowledge as well as the benefits of Free Software.
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-And as another important note: Not all Tanzanians are rather helpless when it comes to IT. I also met people who run very successfull IT businesses and some who know crazy software tricks which let my jaw drop to the ground. They somehow found a way to teach themselves although it&#8217;s very hard to do that here. I hope there will be more people of this type in the future. But for this, Tanzania need more and better education, more political support of IT schools, better infrastructure and better future perspectives for workers in IT businesses. Sounds like a harsh roadmap? It is&#8230;
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+And as another important note: Not all Tanzanians are rather helpless when it comes to IT. I also met people who run very successfull IT businesses and some who know crazy software tricks which let my jaw drop to the ground. They somehow found a way to teach themselves although its very hard to do that here. I hope there will be more people of this type in the future. But for this, Tanzania need more and better education, more political support of IT schools, better infrastructure and better future perspectives for workers in IT businesses. Sounds like a harsh roadmap? It is
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  [1]: /uploads/mit-2.jpg
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 > **Über den Autor:**
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-> Max Mehl, 25, ist ein&#8230; ach, Ihr wisst wer ich bin. Wichtig für diesen Artikel ist allerdings, dass ich kein typischer Autor eines gewerkschaftsfreundlichen Beitrags bin. Ich bin Fan von offenem Wettbewerb, die SPD fand ich immer schon so naja und beim Wort &#8222;Sozialismus&#8220; bekomme ich nervöse Zuckungen. Trotzdem befürworte ich den GDL-Streik. Wie in aller Welt passt denn das zusammen?
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+> Max Mehl, 25, ist ein ach, Ihr wisst wer ich bin. Wichtig für diesen Artikel ist allerdings, dass ich kein typischer Autor eines gewerkschaftsfreundlichen Beitrags bin. Ich bin Fan von offenem Wettbewerb, die SPD fand ich immer schon so naja und beim Wort „Sozialismus“ bekomme ich nervöse Zuckungen. Trotzdem befürworte ich den GDL-Streik. Wie in aller Welt passt denn das zusammen?
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 Spätestens wer das zweite Semester der Politikwissenschaften absolviert hat, wird einen der wesentlichen Kerne der Realismustheorie verstanden haben. Es geht im Wesentlichen um Macht. Und Macht kann sich durch vieles definieren: Politischer Einfluss, militärische Schlagkraft, Ressourcen und natürlich Geld.
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-#### Was in Tansania gilt&#8230;
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+#### Was in Tansania gilt
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-Hier in Tansania ist vor allem letzteres von Bedeutung. Wer über beträchtliche Summen von Geld verfügt, kann sich Einfluss kaufen und durch diesen Einfluss noch mehr Geld abzwacken. Im Gegenzug &#8211; und das ist viel prekärer &#8211; haben diejenigen, die kein Geld besitzen, keinen Einfluss, keine Stimme, keine Macht. Und das trifft somit auf weit über 90% der Bevölkerung zu. Die Tansanier haben es mit einem Parlament zu tun, das spätestens seit der Amtszeit des letzten Präsidenten diesem nur noch mehr Macht zuscheffelt. Und wenn es doch einmal so was verrücktes wie Korruptionsbekämpfung anstrebt, werden die verabschiedeten Gesetze per Veto geblockt oder ganz einfach nicht implementiert.
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+Hier in Tansania ist vor allem letzteres von Bedeutung. Wer über beträchtliche Summen von Geld verfügt, kann sich Einfluss kaufen und durch diesen Einfluss noch mehr Geld abzwacken. Im Gegenzug – und das ist viel prekärer – haben diejenigen, die kein Geld besitzen, keinen Einfluss, keine Stimme, keine Macht. Und das trifft somit auf weit über 90% der Bevölkerung zu. Die Tansanier haben es mit einem Parlament zu tun, das spätestens seit der Amtszeit des letzten Präsidenten diesem nur noch mehr Macht zuscheffelt. Und wenn es doch einmal so was verrücktes wie Korruptionsbekämpfung anstrebt, werden die verabschiedeten Gesetze per Veto geblockt oder ganz einfach nicht implementiert.
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 Auf der anderen Seite stehen die Dala Dala-Fahrer, die die typischen (meiner Meinung nach für Zwerge konstruierten) Kleinbusse in Betrieb halten, die (halbwegs) fixe Routen anfahren und im Nah- und Halbfernverkehr dominieren. Das Parlament hat vor einigen Wochen eine drastische Veränderung verabschiedet: Unter anderem teurere Lizenzen und regelmäßige Fahrprüfungen. Nicht, dass ich mehr Sicherheit nicht befürworten würde, aber in einem Land, in dem jeder Behördengang zu zahlende Bestechungsgelder mit sich bringt und die ebenfalls auf Bestechungsgeld aufbauende Polizei mit Freuden den Führerschein des Fahrers eines mit 15 Fahrgästen gefüllten Dala Dalas besonders gründlich untersuchen wird, ist das schon ein kritischer Vorgang.
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40 40
 Was haben diese Fahrer also für Möglichkeiten, ihrem Widerwillen Ausdruck zu verschaffen? Sich mit offenen Briefen an die Politik wenden? Mit Schildern auf der Straße protestieren? Nein, es handelt sich dabei um Menschen aus den unteren Schichten, die austauschbar sind. Aber sie haben die Macht, durch Streik ein ganzes Land lahmzulegen und haben das auch für etwas über 24 Stunden gemacht. Und plötzlich stehen die politischen Eliten und die revoltierenden Fahrer auf Augenhöhe und können (für tansanische Verhältnisse) anständig diskutieren.
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-#### &#8230; gilt umso mehr in Deutschland
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+####  gilt umso mehr in Deutschland
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44 44
 Was wir aus dem Tansanischen Beispiel lernen: Es geht um Macht und um das Recht, auf Augenhöhe über Konditionen zu diskutieren. Doch was im fernen Afrika der übersichtliche Streit zwischen einer Horde Minibusfahrer und der Regierung ist, ist in Deutschland der womögliche Endkampf zwischen Arbeitnehmerrechten und den politischen und wirtschaftlichen Machthabern.
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46
-Denn es geht nicht nur um mehr Geld für die Lokführer, sondern darum, ob das (ironischerweise) von der SPD auf den Weg gebrachte Tarifeinheitsgesetz kleinere Gewerkschaften in die Bedeutungslosigkeit abschiebt und damit nicht nur den Lokführern, sondern de facto auch der gesamten &#8222;Arbeiterschaft&#8220; die Lobby entreißt. Denn wenn wir resümieren, waren die letzten Arbeitskämpfe immer nach demselben Muster aufgebaut: Verhandlungen, zwei kleine Warnstreiks, die niemandem so wirklich weh tun, weitere Verhandlungen und dann eine Einigung auf einen Betrag, der irgendwie auch nicht so wirklich zur Realität passen will, sondern die Arbeitnehmer im Vergleich zur Inflation immer schlechter da stehen lässt.
46
+Denn es geht nicht nur um mehr Geld für die Lokführer, sondern darum, ob das (ironischerweise) von der SPD auf den Weg gebrachte Tarifeinheitsgesetz kleinere Gewerkschaften in die Bedeutungslosigkeit abschiebt und damit nicht nur den Lokführern, sondern de facto auch der gesamten „Arbeiterschaft“ die Lobby entreißt. Denn wenn wir resümieren, waren die letzten Arbeitskämpfe immer nach demselben Muster aufgebaut: Verhandlungen, zwei kleine Warnstreiks, die niemandem so wirklich weh tun, weitere Verhandlungen und dann eine Einigung auf einen Betrag, der irgendwie auch nicht so wirklich zur Realität passen will, sondern die Arbeitnehmer im Vergleich zur Inflation immer schlechter da stehen lässt.
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 #### Quo vadis, Öffentliche Meinung?
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@@ -55,17 +55,17 @@ Denn es geht nicht nur um mehr Geld für die Lokführer, sondern darum, ob das (
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-Gewerkschaften werden langsam zu einem Relikt aus alten Tagen und dieser Trend wird von der alten Arbeiterpartei SPD, die jetzt irgendwo zwischen den Scheinwirklichkeiten rum dümpelt und es sich eigentlich mit allen verscherzt (Vorratsdatenspeicherung, TTIP, BND-Affäre&#8230;), nur noch verstärkt. Und wenn wir ehrlich sind, gefällt uns das sogar auf den ersten Blick. Was habe ich mich früher über Arbeiter in gelben VerDi-Westen geärgert, die mit ihrem Kohlestreik schon wieder den ersten Slot in der Tagesschau bekommen haben. Uns wäre es auch recht, wenn Züge einfach fahren würden, am besten ohne dass wir je einen Zugfahrer zu Gesicht bekommen.
58
+Gewerkschaften werden langsam zu einem Relikt aus alten Tagen und dieser Trend wird von der alten Arbeiterpartei SPD, die jetzt irgendwo zwischen den Scheinwirklichkeiten rum dümpelt und es sich eigentlich mit allen verscherzt (Vorratsdatenspeicherung, TTIP, BND-Affäre), nur noch verstärkt. Und wenn wir ehrlich sind, gefällt uns das sogar auf den ersten Blick. Was habe ich mich früher über Arbeiter in gelben VerDi-Westen geärgert, die mit ihrem Kohlestreik schon wieder den ersten Slot in der Tagesschau bekommen haben. Uns wäre es auch recht, wenn Züge einfach fahren würden, am besten ohne dass wir je einen Zugfahrer zu Gesicht bekommen.
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-Doch was wir damit im Endeffekt wollen würden, wäre die Entmachtung genau dieser Arbeitnehmer. Ich bin bei Weitem kein Sozialist und das Wort &#8222;Klassenkampf&#8220; war mir schon immer fern, aber ich weiß, dass jeder Mensch heute mindestens eine Lobby braucht. Wir sehen in Brüssel heute, wie Realpolitik gemacht wird: Mächtige, mit Millionen ausgestattete Lobbyorganisationen vertreten Wirtschaftsinteressen von Firmen, die wie Pipi Langstrumpf die Welt so gestalten (möchten), wie sie ihnen gefällt. Auf der Strecke bleiben dabei Interessen, die nicht mit ähnlich viel Geld unterfüttert sind. In der Free Software Foundation Europe ([FSFE][2]) sehen wir derzeit, wie schwer es ist, ohne überschäumende Ressourcen ganz rationale Interessen normaler Bürger und kleiner Unternehmen gegen [die Macht riesiger Tech-Unternehmen][3] zu vertreten. Wo sollen da Lokführer und Stahlarbeiter bleiben? Dazu kommt auch die politische und großgewerkschaftliche Untätigkeit, wie [Jakob Augstein im Spiegel][4] schon so gut zusammengefasst hat:
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+Doch was wir damit im Endeffekt wollen würden, wäre die Entmachtung genau dieser Arbeitnehmer. Ich bin bei Weitem kein Sozialist und das Wort „Klassenkampf“ war mir schon immer fern, aber ich weiß, dass jeder Mensch heute mindestens eine Lobby braucht. Wir sehen in Brüssel heute, wie Realpolitik gemacht wird: Mächtige, mit Millionen ausgestattete Lobbyorganisationen vertreten Wirtschaftsinteressen von Firmen, die wie Pipi Langstrumpf die Welt so gestalten (möchten), wie sie ihnen gefällt. Auf der Strecke bleiben dabei Interessen, die nicht mit ähnlich viel Geld unterfüttert sind. In der Free Software Foundation Europe ([FSFE][2]) sehen wir derzeit, wie schwer es ist, ohne überschäumende Ressourcen ganz rationale Interessen normaler Bürger und kleiner Unternehmen gegen [die Macht riesiger Tech-Unternehmen][3] zu vertreten. Wo sollen da Lokführer und Stahlarbeiter bleiben? Dazu kommt auch die politische und großgewerkschaftliche Untätigkeit, wie [Jakob Augstein im Spiegel][4] schon so gut zusammengefasst hat:
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-> &#8222;Die Sozialdemokraten haben gegen die wachsende Ungleichheit nichts unternommen. Und die Gewerkschaften auch nicht. Im Gegenteil: Viel zu viele Sozialdemokraten und Gewerkschafter haben sich in der Vergangenheit auf die Seite der Lohndrücker geschlagen.&#8220;
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+> Die Sozialdemokraten haben gegen die wachsende Ungleichheit nichts unternommen. Und die Gewerkschaften auch nicht. Im Gegenteil: Viel zu viele Sozialdemokraten und Gewerkschafter haben sich in der Vergangenheit auf die Seite der Lohndrücker geschlagen.
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   <a href="/uploads/weselsky-bahnsinn.jpg"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-382" class="wp-image-382 size-medium" src="/uploads/weselsky-bahnsinn-300x169.jpg" alt="weselsky-bahnsinn" width="300" height="169" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/weselsky-bahnsinn-300x169.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/weselsky-bahnsinn.jpg 580w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
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-    Größenbahnsinn oder geht&#8217;s vielleicht um mehr?
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+    Größenbahnsinn oder gehts vielleicht um mehr?
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   - tanzania
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 ---
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-Imagine you want install GNU/Linux but your bandwidth won&#8217;t let you&#8230;
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+Imagine you want install GNU/Linux but your bandwidth won’t let you…
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 <p style="padding-left: 30px;">
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   <em>tl;dr: I wrote a rather small Bash script which splits huge files into several smaller ones and downloads them. To ensure the integrity, every small files is being checked for its hashsum and file size.</em>
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-That&#8217;s the problem I was facing in the past days. In the school I&#8217;m working at ([Moshi Institute of Technology][1], MIT) I set up a GNU/Linux server to provide services like file sharing, website design (on local servers to avoid the slow internet) and central backups. The ongoing plan is the setup of 5-10 (and later more) new computers with a GNU/Linux OS in contrast to the ancient and non-free WindowsXP installations &#8211; project &#8222;Linux Classroom&#8220; is officially born.
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+That’s the problem I was facing in the past days. In the school I’m working at ([Moshi Institute of Technology][1], MIT) I set up a GNU/Linux server to provide services like file sharing, website design (on local servers to avoid the slow internet) and central backups. The ongoing plan is the setup of 5-10 (and later more) new computers with a GNU/Linux OS in contrast to the ancient and non-free WindowsXP installations – project „Linux Classroom“ is officially born.
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 But to install an operating system on a computer you need an installation medium. In the school a lot of (dubious) WindowsXP installation CD-ROMs are flying around but no current GNU/Linux. In the first world you would just download [an .iso file][2] and ~10 minutes later you could start installing it on your computer.
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-But not here in Tanzania. With download rates of average 10kb/s it needs a hell of a time to download only one image file (not to mention the costs for the internet usage, ~1-3$ per 1GB). And that&#8217;s not all: Periodical power cuts cancel ongoing downloads abruptly. Of course you can restart a download but the large file may be already damaged and you loose even more time.
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+But not here in Tanzania. With download rates of average 10kb/s it needs a hell of a time to download only one image file (not to mention the costs for the internet usage, ~1-3$ per 1GB). And thats not all: Periodical power cuts cancel ongoing downloads abruptly. Of course you can restart a download but the large file may be already damaged and you loose even more time.
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-#### My solution &#8211; splitDL
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+#### My solution  splitDL
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 To circumvent this drawback I coded a rather small Bash program called [**splitDL**][3]. With this helper script, one is able to split a huge file into smaller pieces. If during the download the power cuts off and damages the file, one just has to re-download this single small file instead of the huge complete file. To detect whether a small file is unharmed the script creates hashsums of the original huge and the several small files. The script also supports continuation of the download thanks to the great default built-in application [wget][4].
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-You might now think &#8222;BitTorrent (or any other program) is also able to do the same, if not more!&#8220;. Yes, but this requires a) the installation of another program and b) a download source which supports this protocol. On the contrary **splitDL** can handle every HTTP, HTTPS or FTP download.
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+You might now think „BitTorrent (or any other program) is also able to do the same, if not more!“. Yes, but this requires a) the installation of another program and b) a download source which supports this protocol. On the contrary **splitDL** can handle every HTTP, HTTPS or FTP download.
47 47
 
48 48
 The downside in the current state is that **splitDL** requires shell access to the server where the file is saved to be able to split the file and create the necessary hashsums. So in my current situation I use my own virtual server in Germany on which I download the wanted file with high-speed and then use **splitDL** to prepare the file for the slow download from my server to the Tanzanian school.
49 49
 
50
-The project is of course still in an ongoing phase and only tested in my own environment. Please feel free to have a look at it and [download it via my Git instance][3]. I&#8217;m always looking forward to feedback. The application is licensed under GPLv3 or later.
50
+The project is of course still in an ongoing phase and only tested in my own environment. Please feel free to have a look at it and [download it via my Git instance][3]. Im always looking forward to feedback. The application is licensed under GPLv3 or later.
51 51
 
52 52
 #### Some examples
53 53
 
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ Download the splitted files with the default options.
69 69
 
70 70
 <pre lang="bash">split-dl.sh -m client -f http://server.tld/dl-debian.iso/</pre>
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-Download the splitted files but use SHA1 hashsum (has to be the same than what was used on the creation process) and override the wget options (default: _-nv &#8211;show-progress_).
72
+Download the splitted files but use SHA1 hashsum (has to be the same than what was used on the creation process) and override the wget options (default: _-nv show-progress_).
73 73
 
74 74
 <pre lang="bash">split-dl.sh -m client -f http://server.tld/dl-debian.iso/ -c sha1sum -w --limit-date=100k</pre>
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@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ tags:
31 31
   <a href="/uploads/rz-kraken.jpg"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-416" class="wp-image-416" src="/uploads/rz-kraken-300x200.jpg" alt="Router in Bedrängnis" width="200" height="133" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/rz-kraken-300x200.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/rz-kraken-1024x683.jpg 1024w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/rz-kraken.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 200px) 100vw, 200px" /></a>
32 32
   
33 33
   <p id="caption-attachment-416" class="wp-caption-text">
34
-    Eigene Router in Bedrängnis &#8211; hoffentlich nicht mehr lange
34
+    Eigene Router in Bedrängnis  hoffentlich nicht mehr lange
35 35
   </p>
36 36
 </div>
37 37
 
@@ -45,9 +45,9 @@ Die [Free Software Foundation Europe][1] und alle Freunde Freier Software, Verbr
45 45
 
46 46
 Passend zum Ende dieser Phase hat der Journalist Jan Rähm für den Deutschlandfunk einen Beitrag gesendet, der das Thema sehr differenziert betrachtet, den aktuellen Stand darlegt und sowohl Gegner als auch Befürworter des Routerzwangs zu Wort kommen lässt. Der Beitrag ist als [verkürzte Textversion][4] und in der [vollen Audioversion][5] (5:48) auf der Webseite des Deutschlandfunks zu finden. So sagt etwa der Pressesprecher von Tele Columbus, einer der wenigen Befürworter des Routerzwangs:
47 47
 
48
-> _&#8222;Im Kabelnetz von Tele Columbus besteht de facto schon heute Routerwahlfreiheit, denn wir stellen dem Kunden, wenn er nicht ausdrücklich einen Router von uns wünscht, ein einfaches Kabelmodem zur Verfügung, an das er jedes beliebige Endgerät mit der Funktionalität seiner Wahl anschließen kann.&#8220;_
48
+> _Im Kabelnetz von Tele Columbus besteht de facto schon heute Routerwahlfreiheit, denn wir stellen dem Kunden, wenn er nicht ausdrücklich einen Router von uns wünscht, ein einfaches Kabelmodem zur Verfügung, an das er jedes beliebige Endgerät mit der Funktionalität seiner Wahl anschließen kann._
49 49
 
50
-Doch die Position der FSFE, diverser Unternehmen aus der TK-Endgeräte-Industrie, Verbraucherschutz- und Bürgerrechtsorganisationen sowie engagierter Individuen lautet seit jeher, dass das Netz und die Wahlfreiheit des Benutzers an der Dose in der Wand beginnt. Zu dieser Einsicht ist man auch im Bundeswirtschaftsministerium gelangt und hat deswegen größtenteils unmissverständlich festgelegt, dass &#8211; egal ob DSL- oder Kabelanschluss &#8211; die Kunden in Zukunft ihre Endgeräte, also Modems und Router, selbst auswählen dürfen. Für uns als FSFE ist dieser Schritt die einzig logische Konsequenz, &#8222;_weil dadurch alle Verbraucher laut Gesetz ein Modem- und Routermodell ihrer Wahl einsetzen können, ohne diskriminiert zu werden_&#8220; (höre auch Zitat ab 1:55).
50
+Doch die Position der FSFE, diverser Unternehmen aus der TK-Endgeräte-Industrie, Verbraucherschutz- und Bürgerrechtsorganisationen sowie engagierter Individuen lautet seit jeher, dass das Netz und die Wahlfreiheit des Benutzers an der Dose in der Wand beginnt. Zu dieser Einsicht ist man auch im Bundeswirtschaftsministerium gelangt und hat deswegen größtenteils unmissverständlich festgelegt, dass – egal ob DSL- oder Kabelanschluss – die Kunden in Zukunft ihre Endgeräte, also Modems und Router, selbst auswählen dürfen. Für uns als FSFE ist dieser Schritt die einzig logische Konsequenz, _weil dadurch alle Verbraucher laut Gesetz ein Modem- und Routermodell ihrer Wahl einsetzen können, ohne diskriminiert zu werden_ (höre auch Zitat ab 1:55).
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52 52
 Auch Argumente, dass die freie Routerwahl die Stabilität von Kabelnetzen gefährden würde, sehen wir Ablenkunsmanöver. So ist es etwa in den USA ohne weiteres unter ähnlichen Bedingungen wie in Deutschland möglich, ein Kabelmodem seiner Wahl zu betreiben. Von den heraufbeschworenen Netzausfällen und Störungen haben weder wir noch Verbände der Endgeräteindustrie gehört.
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20 20
 ---
21 21
 [<img class="alignleft size-full wp-image-438" src="/uploads/pdfreaders-logo.png" alt="pdfreaders-logo" width="158" height="103" />][1]Should authorities be allowed to make advertisement for only one company and ignore all the others? Many people strongly disagree, among them myself, the Free Software Foundation Europe ([FSFE][2]) and also the CIO of the Federal Republic of Germany, the IT commissioner of the German Government.
22 22
 
23
-The whole story began with something we all had to read sometimes, at least subconsciously, on a website providing PDF documents: &#8222;To open the PDF files please download Adobe Acrobat Reader.&#8220;. Such notices are unnecessary advertisement for a proprietary (non-free) product &#8212; there are dozens of software applications which can do the same or even more, many of them Free Software. Because of that the FSFE started a campaign called &#8222;[PDFreaders][3]&#8220; to make this deficiency public, and contact administrations and companies with thousands of letters and emails.
23
+The whole story began with something we all had to read sometimes, at least subconsciously, on a website providing PDF documents: „To open the PDF files please download Adobe Acrobat Reader.“. Such notices are unnecessary advertisement for a proprietary (non-free) product — there are dozens of software applications which can do the same or even more, many of them Free Software. Because of that the FSFE started a campaign called „[PDFreaders][3]“ to make this deficiency public, and contact administrations and companies with thousands of letters and emails.
24 24
 
25
-One big success of this campaign in Germany is PDFreaders being mentioned in the official current [Migration Guide][4] of Germany&#8217;s Chief Information Officer. This document explains some critical points of IT in administrations and companies and evaluates different software. Under point 4.3.7 &#8222;PDF readers and authoring&#8220; the guide compares different PDF applications and also takes Free Software readers like Evince into account:
25
+One big success of this campaign in Germany is PDFreaders being mentioned in the official current [Migration Guide][4] of Germanys Chief Information Officer. This document explains some critical points of IT in administrations and companies and evaluates different software. Under point 4.3.7 „PDF readers and authoring“ the guide compares different PDF applications and also takes Free Software readers like Evince into account:
26 26
 
27 27
 > _Alternative OSS-Produkte zur Darstellung von PDF-Dokumenten gibt es einige, u.a. Sumatra PDF und Okular; die [FSFE][5] pflegt eine Liste mit freien PDF-Betrachtern [[242][6]]._
28 28
 > 
29 29
 > There are a lot of alternative OSS products for displaying PDF documents, i.a. Sumatra PDF and Okular; the [FSFE][5] maintains a list of free PDF readers [[242][6]].
30 30
 
31
-This &#8222;list of PDF readers&#8220; is one of the cores of the PDFreaders campaign. Instead of just complaining the unjust situation the FSFE provides information on various applications which are all Free Software and which fit everybody&#8217;s needs, may it be performance, size, the amount of functions or the used operating system. And if authorities (or companies and individuals) want to tell their website&#8217;s visitors how to open PDF documents, the CIO has a strong suggestion:
31
+This „list of PDF readers“ is one of the cores of the PDFreaders campaign. Instead of just complaining the unjust situation the FSFE provides information on various applications which are all Free Software and which fit everybodys needs, may it be performance, size, the amount of functions or the used operating system. And if authorities (or companies and individuals) want to tell their websites visitors how to open PDF documents, the CIO has a strong suggestion:
32 32
 
33 33
 > _Werden PDF-Dokumente öffentlich bereitgestellt, sollten Behörden fairerweise zu deren Betrachtung nicht mehr ausschließlich den Adobe Acrobat Reader empfehlen, sondern beispielsweise die von der FSFE bereitgestellten HTML-Bausteine [[250][7]] zum Download alternativer PDF-Betrachter in ihre Seiten aufnehmen._
34 34
 > 

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@@ -18,25 +18,25 @@ tags:
18 18
   - whatsapp
19 19
 
20 20
 ---
21
-<a href="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs.png" rel="attachment wp-att-463"><img class="size-medium wp-image-463 alignright" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-261x300.png" alt="Yoda-ilovefs" width="261" height="300" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-261x300.png 261w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-768x883.png 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-890x1024.png 890w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs.png 1391w" sizes="(max-width: 261px) 100vw, 261px" /></a>Do you know being in a restaurant and getting a menu which is longer than the average novel, and you cannot decide for a single meal because every single one sounds more delicious than the other? That&#8217;s similar to the problem I was having when writing this blog post&#8230;
21
+<a href="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs.png" rel="attachment wp-att-463"><img class="size-medium wp-image-463 alignright" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-261x300.png" alt="Yoda-ilovefs" width="261" height="300" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-261x300.png 261w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-768x883.png 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs-890x1024.png 890w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/Yoda-ilovefs.png 1391w" sizes="(max-width: 261px) 100vw, 261px" /></a>Do you know being in a restaurant and getting a menu which is longer than the average novel, and you cannot decide for a single meal because every single one sounds more delicious than the other? That’s similar to the problem I was having when writing this blog post…
22 22
 
23
-Today is the [&#8222;I love Free Software&#8220; day][1], on which people all over the world say &#8222;thank you&#8220; to contributors of [Free Software][2], often created in free time and with lots of passion. This is software you can use for any purpose, which source code you or others can analyse, which can be modified and distributed – any program respecting these essential freedoms benefits a fair society, and our most personal privacy and security in return.
23
+Today is the [„I love Free Software“ day][1], on which people all over the world say „thank you“ to contributors of [Free Software][2], often created in free time and with lots of passion. This is software you can use for any purpose, which source code you or others can analyse, which can be modified and distributed – any program respecting these essential freedoms benefits a fair society, and our most personal privacy and security in return.
24 24
 
25
-After I thanked [ZNC][3] and [Taskwarrior][4] last Valentine&#8217;s Days, this year I want to focus on software running on the device that&#8217;s almost always in my pocket. My mobile phone is the gatekeeper of most of my communication: short messages, pictures, emails, social media, todo lists, calendar&#8230; it&#8217;s amazing thinking about what this tiny computer has to achieve to satisfy my needs. But of course, I also want to use as much Free Software as possible to secure my sensitive data. And because of that I cannot name a single software but have to list a few which I depend on almost every single day, and I want to sincerely thank the people contributing to them!
25
+After I thanked [ZNC][3] and [Taskwarrior][4] last Valentine’s Days, this year I want to focus on software running on the device that’s almost always in my pocket. My mobile phone is the gatekeeper of most of my communication: short messages, pictures, emails, social media, todo lists, calendar… it’s amazing thinking about what this tiny computer has to achieve to satisfy my needs. But of course, I also want to use as much Free Software as possible to secure my sensitive data. And because of that I cannot name a single software but have to list a few which I depend on almost every single day, and I want to sincerely thank the people contributing to them!
26 26
 
27 27
 ### The foundation
28 28
 
29
-With mobile phones it&#8217;s not easy to have a completely free operating system platform, depending on your phone model. For mine, I chose [**OmniROM**][5], which still contains some non-free firmware but is as much Free Software as possible. And it works like a charm, having lots of nice features, a broad device compatibility, and actively development team.
29
+With mobile phones its not easy to have a completely free operating system platform, depending on your phone model. For mine, I chose [**OmniROM**][5], which still contains some non-free firmware but is as much Free Software as possible. And it works like a charm, having lots of nice features, a broad device compatibility, and actively development team.
30 30
 
31
-Because I want to avoid non-free software and services which use my most sensitive data for their profit, I avoid Google and similar products as much as possible. Because of that, I do not load my application from Google Play but from [**F-Droid**][6], an app &#8222;store&#8220; offering Free Software apps only! Right now there are far over 1000 apps available, most of them fulfilling high quality requirements. All the apps I&#8217;ll list below can be found there.
31
+Because I want to avoid non-free software and services which use my most sensitive data for their profit, I avoid Google and similar products as much as possible. Because of that, I do not load my application from Google Play but from [**F-Droid**][6], an app „store“ offering Free Software apps only! Right now there are far over 1000 apps available, most of them fulfilling high quality requirements. All the apps Ill list below can be found there.
32 32
 
33 33
 ### My big five
34 34
 
35
-I use my mobile phone for communication and information purposes. So [**K-9 Mail**][7] is my sanctuary, enabling me to receive and send, de- and encrypt my emails. Admittedly, the user interface isn&#8217;t the best, some things can get on your nerves (organising many folders&#8230;), but it just works. That&#8217;s an attribute I learnt to value.
35
+I use my mobile phone for communication and information purposes. So [**K-9 Mail**][7] is my sanctuary, enabling me to receive and send, de- and encrypt my emails. Admittedly, the user interface isn’t the best, some things can get on your nerves (organising many folders…), but it just works. That’s an attribute I learnt to value.
36 36
 
37
-The next layer is short texts communication. Since almost nobody in my circle of acquaintances uses oldschool short messages anymore, I switched most of my chitchat communication over to [**LibreSignal**][8], a Google-dependency-freed fork of Signal, providing very strong encryption and a great and easy user interface at the same time. At the same time I still use _Telegram_ (non-free server) and _WhatsApp_ (absolutely bad) because it&#8217;s hard to convince all the contacts you have. But it&#8217;s nice to see how many people switched over to better alternatives meanwhile. And with [**Twidere**][9], I can manage my GnuSocial and Twitter accounts easily with lots of features. And if you are still forced to use Facebook, try [_Face Slim_][10].
37
+The next layer is short texts communication. Since almost nobody in my circle of acquaintances uses oldschool short messages anymore, I switched most of my chitchat communication over to [**LibreSignal**][8], a Google-dependency-freed fork of Signal, providing very strong encryption and a great and easy user interface at the same time. At the same time I still use _Telegram_ (non-free server) and _WhatsApp_ (absolutely bad) because it’s hard to convince all the contacts you have. But it’s nice to see how many people switched over to better alternatives meanwhile. And with [**Twidere**][9], I can manage my GnuSocial and Twitter accounts easily with lots of features. And if you are still forced to use Facebook, try [_Face Slim_][10].
38 38
 
39
-As a scout, many people seem to think that I always know any direction. In the old days I had to navigate using stars and moss on stones, but nowadays I just pick my ultimate compass and can lead the way thanks to [**OsmAnd**][11] and [**Transportr**][12]. The former enables me to download offline vector maps, navigate on them, find points of interest (bars, shops, bus stops – and bars), with the latter I can use the public transport system of almost every larger city in Europe using a neat and fast-responding interface. And the best thing: It even works in areas without sun, stars, or moss-grown stones. But well, without battery&#8230;
39
+As a scout, many people seem to think that I always know any direction. In the old days I had to navigate using stars and moss on stones, but nowadays I just pick my ultimate compass and can lead the way thanks to [**OsmAnd**][11] and [**Transportr**][12]. The former enables me to download offline vector maps, navigate on them, find points of interest (bars, shops, bus stops – and bars), with the latter I can use the public transport system of almost every larger city in Europe using a neat and fast-responding interface. And the best thing: It even works in areas without sun, stars, or moss-grown stones. But well, without battery
40 40
 
41 41
 ### The small things
42 42
 

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12 12
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13 13
 
14 14
 ---
15
-<img class="alignright wp-image-474 size-full" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/gogs-logo.png" alt="gogs-logo" width="143" height="152" />Since end of 2014 I published some of my Free Software code – mostly Bash, R and HTML/PHP – on a [self-hosted gitweb instance][1]. I did this because I wanted to share the work I&#8217;ve done with other people because I&#8217;ve learnt a lot by reading other people&#8217;s code. Although I&#8217;m just a &#8222;hobby programmer&#8220;, I hoped at least some people can benefit from it.
15
+<img class="alignright wp-image-474 size-full" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/gogs-logo.png" alt="gogs-logo" width="143" height="152" />Since end of 2014 I published some of my Free Software code – mostly Bash, R and HTML/PHP – on a [self-hosted gitweb instance][1]. I did this because I wanted to share the work I’ve done with other people because I’ve learnt a lot by reading other people’s code. Although I’m just a „hobby programmer“, I hoped at least some people can benefit from it.
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17 17
 The last few days, I switched from [gitweb][2], a very simple web interface for my git repositories, to [Gogs][3], a feature-rich webservice which still is lightweight, and quite simple to install and maintain – and of course Free Software! By doing so, people can now register [with my Gogs instance][4], open issue tickets, fork my projects and send pull requests – very similar to non/semi-free services like GitHub or GitLab.
18 18
 
19 19
 ### Installation
20 20
 
21
-As a user of the German hosting service [Uberspace][5] I had to follow some special ways to install Gogs. But thanks to a [nice guide][6] it was quite simple, so it was finished after only 15 minutes. The only tricky part was the SSH feature with which I spent a few hours to make it work. The problem was that using the same public key with Gogs as you&#8217;re using for logging into the server&#8217;s SSH won&#8217;t work. You&#8217;ll have to generate a new SSH key and use it&#8217;s public key for Gogs. Then you have to edit your client&#8217;s SSH config:
21
+As a user of the German hosting service [Uberspace][5] I had to follow some special ways to install Gogs. But thanks to a [nice guide][6] it was quite simple, so it was finished after only 15 minutes. The only tricky part was the SSH feature with which I spent a few hours to make it work. The problem was that using the same public key with Gogs as you’re using for logging into the server’s SSH won’t work. You’ll have to generate a new SSH key and use it’s public key for Gogs. Then you have to edit your client’s SSH config:
22 22
 
23 23
 <pre class="lang:sh highlight:0 decode:true">Host src.mehl.mx
24 24
   HostName src.mehl.mx
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ As a user of the German hosting service [Uberspace][5] I had to follow some spec
28 28
 
29 29
 This forces your client to use the Gogs-specific SSH key for every connection to src.mehl.mx – and not the default one for this IP/server. However, this is only a problem for you as the administrator, not for other users. It took some time for me to find that out :)
30 30
 
31
-**Update**: It&#8217;s best to use the built-in server if you cannot create a separate user for Gogs and if you depend on using the default ~/.ssh/authorized\_keys file for other use cases than gogs (e.g. to log in). The problems lies in Gogs behaviour: sometimes it rewrites the authorized\_keys file without being asked to do so, and as a result you cannot log into the user&#8217;s account anymore via SSH! To make the solution easy for you, here&#8217;s the excerpt of my custom/conf/app.ini file:
31
+**Update**: Its best to use the built-in server if you cannot create a separate user for Gogs and if you depend on using the default ~/.ssh/authorized\_keys file for other use cases than gogs (e.g. to log in). The problems lies in Gogs behaviour: sometimes it rewrites the authorized\_keys file without being asked to do so, and as a result you cannot log into the user’s account anymore via SSH! To make the solution easy for you, here’s the excerpt of my custom/conf/app.ini file:
32 32
 
33 33
 <pre class="nums:true lang:sh highlight:0 decode:true ">[server]
34 34
 [...]
@@ -36,11 +36,11 @@ START_SSH_SERVER = true
36 36
 SSH_PORT     = ${DEDICATED_SSH_PORT_FOR_GOGS}
37 37
 SSH_ROOT_PATH = /path/to/the/separate/authorized_keys/file</pre>
38 38
 
39
-Doing so starts Gogs&#8217;s built-in SSH server on a separate port (line 4) and with a separate authorized_keys file (line 5). Of course, you&#8217;d have to open this TCP port in your firewall. Downside: The SSH links for cloning the repository don&#8217;t look that tidy if it&#8217;s another port than 22.
39
+Doing so starts Gogss built-in SSH server on a separate port (line 4) and with a separate authorized_keys file (line 5). Of course, youd have to open this TCP port in your firewall. Downside: The SSH links for cloning the repository don’t look that tidy if it’s another port than 22.
40 40
 
41 41
 ### Migration
42 42
 
43
-Before beginning with switching to Gogs, the migration process was the most intimidating part of the whole story for me. In the end, it was really simple! In the Gogs web panel you can choose if you want to create an empty new repository, or a &#8222;new migration&#8220;. Choosing the latter enables you to name the old git repository&#8217;s link, a new name and a description. It then copies the current status and all past commits to the new repository! I didn&#8217;t test it with branches, and migrating issues might be a burden too (_see update below_). But hey, for me as a light user it was just perfect :)
43
+Before beginning with switching to Gogs, the migration process was the most intimidating part of the whole story for me. In the end, it was really simple! In the Gogs web panel you can choose if you want to create an empty new repository, or a „new migration“. Choosing the latter enables you to name the old git repository’s link, a new name and a description. It then copies the current status and all past commits to the new repository! I didnt test it with branches, and migrating issues might be a burden too (_see update below_). But hey, for me as a light user it was just perfect :)
44 44
 
45 45
 ### Feel free
46 46
 
@@ -48,9 +48,9 @@ Now please feel free to browse through [my repositories][7] and work with them.
48 48
 
49 49
 **Update 28.02.2016:**
50 50
   
51
-I tested the migration assistant with a larger repository. It still worked like a charm: All branches, releases and commits are taken over. However, issues, pull requests, and wiki entries are not transferred, at least not natively. Maybe there&#8217;re tools for that?
51
+I tested the migration assistant with a larger repository. It still worked like a charm: All branches, releases and commits are taken over. However, issues, pull requests, and wiki entries are not transferred, at least not natively. Maybe therere tools for that?
52 52
   
53
-Additionally, I more deeply elaborated the SSH problems and solutions if you&#8217;re using a shared host, or/and if you cannot create a separate user for Gogs and you use SSH keys to login into that user.
53
+Additionally, I more deeply elaborated the SSH problems and solutions if youre using a shared host, or/and if you cannot create a separate user for Gogs and you use SSH keys to login into that user.
54 54
 
55 55
  [1]: https://blog.mehl.mx/2014/sharing-is-caring-my-git-instance/
56 56
  [2]: http://git-scm.com/docs/gitweb

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26 26
 ### Alter Mann
27 27
 
28
-Und was ist heute? Lese ich von einer neuen tolle App, stöhne ich nur auf. Wird mir vorgeschlagen, Messenger X oder Y zu verwenden, rattern mir schon Ausreden durch den Kopf. Erfahre ich auf Portalen wie dem angesagten _bento_ etwas über die &#8222;10 lustigsten Videos&#8220; des letzten Jahres, kenne ich maximal eines davon – und das auch nur, weil im Spiegel oder so etwas darüber stand. Und bei jeder neuen Registrierung für einen Internetdienst, und sei es auch nur ein simpler Onlineshop, zieht mein Puls an.
28
+Und was ist heute? Lese ich von einer neuen tolle App, stöhne ich nur auf. Wird mir vorgeschlagen, Messenger X oder Y zu verwenden, rattern mir schon Ausreden durch den Kopf. Erfahre ich auf Portalen wie dem angesagten _bento_ etwas über die „10 lustigsten Videos“ des letzten Jahres, kenne ich maximal eines davon – und das auch nur, weil im Spiegel oder so etwas darüber stand. Und bei jeder neuen Registrierung für einen Internetdienst, und sei es auch nur ein simpler Onlineshop, zieht mein Puls an.
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-Stellenanzeigen sind besonders frustrierend für mich. War ich mir früher – überspitzt gesagt – sicher, mit meinen coolen Internetproskillz auf dem Arbeitsmarkt gefragt zu sein, auch wenn ich die nächsten zwei Jahre Mathe schwänze, sind mir angesagte Jobs für junge Menschen schon jetzt teilweise zu hoch. Wird etwa für Internetredakteure oder Community-Manager verlangt, sich unter anderem gut in &#8222;_Instagram, Snapchat, Periscope und flickr_&#8220; auszukennen, müsste ich zugeben, auf keinem dieser trendigen Netzwerke überhaupt einen Account zu haben, geschweige denn das geringste Interesse daran.
30
+Stellenanzeigen sind besonders frustrierend für mich. War ich mir früher – überspitzt gesagt – sicher, mit meinen coolen Internetproskillz auf dem Arbeitsmarkt gefragt zu sein, auch wenn ich die nächsten zwei Jahre Mathe schwänze, sind mir angesagte Jobs für junge Menschen schon jetzt teilweise zu hoch. Wird etwa für Internetredakteure oder Community-Manager verlangt, sich unter anderem gut in „_Instagram, Snapchat, Periscope und flickr_“ auszukennen, müsste ich zugeben, auf keinem dieser trendigen Netzwerke überhaupt einen Account zu haben, geschweige denn das geringste Interesse daran.
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 Am schlimmsten sind jedoch die Berichte in Fachzeitschriften über IT-Konferenzen. Wenn ich nur lese, dass wir in zehn Jahren unseren Alltag über ein Mikrofon steuern können, das unsere Spracheingaben direkt an Google oder Amazon schickt, würde ich am liebsten einen Flug in die hinterste Dritte Welt buchen.
33 33
 
@@ -41,11 +41,11 @@ Das fängt irgendwie schon bei dem Generationenunterschied an. Um die Wende heru
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 {{< youtube 8ucCxtgN6sc >}}
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-Ein weiterer Grund könnte sein, dass mir die Sinnhaftigkeit heutiger Trends nicht wirklich klar ist. Warum _Instagram_, wenn man seine Fotos auch auf _Facebook_ (wenn man es denn nutzt) Leuten zeigen kann? Warum muss ich meinen aktuellen Akkustand und das Wetter mit [_Peach_][1] teilen, wenn ich es doch auch einfach per gewöhnlichem Messenger schicken könnte? Gut, ältere Generationen dachten sich wahrscheinlich auch &#8222;Warum _ICQ_ benutzen, wenn ich doch einfach telefonieren könnte?&#8220;.
44
+Ein weiterer Grund könnte sein, dass mir die Sinnhaftigkeit heutiger Trends nicht wirklich klar ist. Warum _Instagram_, wenn man seine Fotos auch auf _Facebook_ (wenn man es denn nutzt) Leuten zeigen kann? Warum muss ich meinen aktuellen Akkustand und das Wetter mit [_Peach_][1] teilen, wenn ich es doch auch einfach per gewöhnlichem Messenger schicken könnte? Gut, ältere Generationen dachten sich wahrscheinlich auch „Warum _ICQ_ benutzen, wenn ich doch einfach telefonieren könnte?“.
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-Natürlich liegt es auch an der gesteigerten Aufmerksamkeit gegenüber Nachteilen, die mit der Nutzung eines Dienstes einhergehen. Jede neue angesagte App verlangt weitreichenden Zugriff auf meine persönlichen Daten. Und mit rasant gestiegenen technischen Möglichkeiten (Spracherkennung, Virtual Reality, Automatisierung, Drohnen&#8230;) steigt auch der Einfluss dieser neuen Technik auf unser Leben. Ich las etwa kürzlich über Visionen in der Möbelbranche: Man könne sein Zuhause einscannen, in ein Möbelcenter fahren und dort die ausgestellten Möbel mit einer VR-Brille in seine Zimmer projizieren (bzw. andersherum). Die logische Konsequenz: IKEA & Co. wissen ab sofort, wie mein Zimmer aussieht, welchen Stil ich bevorzuge, dass mein Schrank aus dem letzten Jahrtausend stammt und welche Möbel ich mir besonders angeschaut habe. Gruselig, zumindest für mein heutiges Ich.
46
+Natürlich liegt es auch an der gesteigerten Aufmerksamkeit gegenüber Nachteilen, die mit der Nutzung eines Dienstes einhergehen. Jede neue angesagte App verlangt weitreichenden Zugriff auf meine persönlichen Daten. Und mit rasant gestiegenen technischen Möglichkeiten (Spracherkennung, Virtual Reality, Automatisierung, Drohnen) steigt auch der Einfluss dieser neuen Technik auf unser Leben. Ich las etwa kürzlich über Visionen in der Möbelbranche: Man könne sein Zuhause einscannen, in ein Möbelcenter fahren und dort die ausgestellten Möbel mit einer VR-Brille in seine Zimmer projizieren (bzw. andersherum). Die logische Konsequenz: IKEA & Co. wissen ab sofort, wie mein Zimmer aussieht, welchen Stil ich bevorzuge, dass mein Schrank aus dem letzten Jahrtausend stammt und welche Möbel ich mir besonders angeschaut habe. Gruselig, zumindest für mein heutiges Ich.
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-All das zusammen verursacht, so glaube ich, bei mir diesen Trend zum &#8222;alt werden&#8220;: Sättigungsgefühl, Wertschätzung der gewohnten Werkzeuge, (berechtigte) Paranoia und auch einfach zu wenig Zeit, jedem coolen neuen Ding hinterherzulaufen, obwohl man genau weiß, dass es zu 90% in spätestens zwei Jahren in der Versenkung landet. Und ist das wirklich so schlimm?
48
+All das zusammen verursacht, so glaube ich, bei mir diesen Trend zum „alt werden“: Sättigungsgefühl, Wertschätzung der gewohnten Werkzeuge, (berechtigte) Paranoia und auch einfach zu wenig Zeit, jedem coolen neuen Ding hinterherzulaufen, obwohl man genau weiß, dass es zu 90% in spätestens zwei Jahren in der Versenkung landet. Und ist das wirklich so schlimm?
49 49
 
50 50
 **Wie ist es bei Euch? Bin ich uncool? Seid Ihr es auch?**
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 Betreiber von Diskotheken wissen es genau: Die Wahl des richtigen Türstehers ist wichtig, damit sich keine Störenfriede einschleichen. Dasselbe könnte man auch von Routern behaupten, die als Schnittstelle zwischen Internet und Heimnetz dafür sorgen müssen, dass nur das die Tore passiert, was auch im Sinne des Besitzers ist. Und endlich, [nach Jahren der gesetzlichen Unklarheit][2], bekommen wir mit dem Ende des Routerzwangs das Recht dazu, uns unseren stillen Türsteher frei auszusuchen.
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-Was die [Süddeutsche Zeitung als &#8222;Unabhängigkeitstag für Internetnutzer&#8220;][3] bezeichnet, ist das offizielle Ende des Routerzwangs und das Inkrafttreten der Endgerätefreiheit am 1. August. Bisher konnten Internetanbieter (ISPs) in Deutschland bestimmen, welchen Router Kunden zur Verbindung mit dem Internet nutzen müssen. Nutzer hatten keinen Einfluss auf diese Entscheidung. Das ändert sich nun. Aber wir müssen sicherstellen, dass alle Kunden über diese neuen Rechte Bescheid wissen, und gleichzeitig überprüfen, ob ISPs die neuen Regeln befolgen.
36
+Was die [Süddeutsche Zeitung als „Unabhängigkeitstag für Internetnutzer“][3] bezeichnet, ist das offizielle Ende des Routerzwangs und das Inkrafttreten der Endgerätefreiheit am 1. August. Bisher konnten Internetanbieter (ISPs) in Deutschland bestimmen, welchen Router Kunden zur Verbindung mit dem Internet nutzen müssen. Nutzer hatten keinen Einfluss auf diese Entscheidung. Das ändert sich nun. Aber wir müssen sicherstellen, dass alle Kunden über diese neuen Rechte Bescheid wissen, und gleichzeitig überprüfen, ob ISPs die neuen Regeln befolgen.
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38 38
 Wie bei einem Türsteher sollte man auch dem Router vertrauen können, denn über ihn läuft jeglicher Internetverkehr, also etwa alle E-Mails, Downloads und häufig auch Telefongespräche. [Zwangsrouter][4] fallen oft negativ mit kritischen Sicherheitslücken auf, die Nutzer aus technischen oder rechtlichen Gründen nicht selbst beheben können. Sie sind auch dafür bekannt, zu einigen Netzwerkgeräten oder Standards wie IPv6 inkompatibel zu sein oder nur eine geringe Anzahl wichtiger Funktionen zu unterstützen.
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-      &#8230;und nachher, fertig für den Versand
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+      und nachher, fertig für den Versand
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-[<img class="alignright wp-image-526 size-medium" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-300x229.jpg" alt="froscon1" width="300" height="229" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-300x229.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-768x585.jpg 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-1024x780.jpg 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][1]_For English readers: This is a short report about the last FrOSCon conference with some pictures and the talk recordings. Have a look at Polina&#8217;s talk (second video), it&#8217;s in English!_
24
+[<img class="alignright wp-image-526 size-medium" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-300x229.jpg" alt="froscon1" width="300" height="229" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-300x229.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-768x585.jpg 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon1-1024x780.jpg 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][1]_For English readers: This is a short report about the last FrOSCon conference with some pictures and the talk recordings. Have a look at Polina’s talk (second video), it’s in English!_
25 25
 
26 26
 Letztes Wochenende, am 20. und 21. August, fand in Sankt Augustin bei Bonn die 11. Ausgabe der [FrOSCon][2] statt, einer Konferenz zu Freier Software. Auch dieses Jahr war die FSFE mit einem Stand vertreten, an dem wir viele interessante Gespräche geführt und einen Ausschnitt unserer aktuellsten T-Shirts und weiterer Artikel präsentiert haben.
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@@ -33,11 +33,11 @@ Dank zweier toller Helfer, Gabriele und Constantin, war diese FrOSCon ein voller
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 [<img class="alignright size-medium wp-image-527" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon2-300x225.jpg" alt="" width="300" height="225" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon2-300x225.jpg 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon2-768x576.jpg 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/froscon2-1024x768.jpg 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />][4]Zufrieden konnten wir auch sein, weil unsere Vorträge wohl recht gut ankamen und wir die Zuhörer über hochaktuelle Themen – [Routerzwang und Funkabschottung][5] sowie den [Digitalen Binnenmarkt und weitere Freie-Software-Themen auf EU-Ebene][6] – auf den neuesten Stand bringen konnten. Dank des sehr professionellen Recording-Teams der FrOSCon sind schon jetzt die Videoaufzeichnungen unserer beiden Vorträge online.
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-Mein Vortrag mit dem Titel &#8222;**Routerzwang und Funkabschottung – Was Aktivisten davon lernen können**&#8220;
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+Mein Vortrag mit dem Titel „**Routerzwang und Funkabschottung – Was Aktivisten davon lernen können**“
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 [https://media.ccc.de/v/froscon2016-1738-routerzwang_und_funkabschottung_was_aktivisten_davon_lernen_konnen/oembed]
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-Und Polinas sehr spannender Vortrag auf Englisch unter dem Titel &#8222;**DSM, EIF, RED: Acronyms on the EU level and why they matter for software freedom**&#8222;:
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+Und Polinas sehr spannender Vortrag auf Englisch unter dem Titel „**DSM, EIF, RED: Acronyms on the EU level and why they matter for software freedom**„:
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 [https://media.ccc.de/v/froscon2016-1797-dsm_eif_red_acronyms_on_the_eu_level_and_why_they_matter_for_software_freedom/oembed]
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-Seit einiger Zeit arbeiten wir bei der Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) mit der Initiative [Do-FOSS][1] aus Dortmund zusammen, die dort mehr Freie Software in die öffentliche Verwaltung einbringen möchte. Konkret wird in Dortmund aktuell an dem Masterplan Digitales Dortmund gearbeitet, der &#8222;<span class="i">die zukünftige digitale Ausrichtung und die damit verbundenen Veränderungsprozesse an der Schnittstelle von Stadtverwaltung und Stadtgesellschaft (Bürgerinnen und Bürger, Politik, Vereine, Unternehmen, Wissenschaft)&#8220; beinhaltet.</span>
23
+Seit einiger Zeit arbeiten wir bei der Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) mit der Initiative [Do-FOSS][1] aus Dortmund zusammen, die dort mehr Freie Software in die öffentliche Verwaltung einbringen möchte. Konkret wird in Dortmund aktuell an dem Masterplan Digitales Dortmund gearbeitet, der <span class="i">die zukünftige digitale Ausrichtung und die damit verbundenen Veränderungsprozesse an der Schnittstelle von Stadtverwaltung und Stadtgesellschaft (Bürgerinnen und Bürger, Politik, Vereine, Unternehmen, Wissenschaft) beinhaltet.</span>
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25 25
 Erfreulicherweise wird der Masterplan auch Freie Software beinhalten, doch haben unsere Freunde von Do-FOSS bemerken müssen, dass dieser Begriff häufig im Zusammenhang mit _Open Source Software_ erwähnt wird. Wir als FSFE verstehen [Open Source als Synonym für Freie Software][2], aber mussten leider schon in der Vergangenheit öfter feststellen, dass damit nur die Verfügbarkeit des Quellcodes und nicht – wie bei Freier Software offensichtlicher – auch die anderen drei der insgesamt [vier Freiheiten Freier Software][3] gemeint waren: Neben der Freiheit, die Funktionsweise anhand des Codes nachzuvollziehen (2), auch die Verwendung für jeden Zweck (1), das Teilen der Software mit anderen (3), und das Verbessern der Programme (4).
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   </p>
27 27
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-Last weekend, I visited Oberhausen to participate in [OpenRheinRuhr][1], a well-known Free Software event in north-western Germany. Over two days I was part of [FSFE][2]&#8217;s booth team, gave a talk, and enjoyed talking to tons of like-minded people about politics, technology and other stuff. In the next few minutes you will learn what coat hangers have to do with flat irons and which hotel you shouldn&#8217;t book if you plan to visit Oberhausen.
29
+Last weekend, I visited Oberhausen to participate in [OpenRheinRuhr][1], a well-known Free Software event in north-western Germany. Over two days I was part of [FSFE][2]s booth team, gave a talk, and enjoyed talking to tons of like-minded people about politics, technology and other stuff. In the next few minutes you will learn what coat hangers have to do with flat irons and which hotel you shouldnt book if you plan to visit Oberhausen.
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-On Friday, [Matthias][3], [Erik][4], and I arrived at the event location which normally is a museum collecting memories of heavy industries in the Ruhr area: old machines, the history and background of industry workers, and pictures of people fighting for their rights. Because we arrived a bit too early we helped the (fantastic!) orga team with some remaining work in the exhibition hall before setting up FSFE&#8217;s booth. While doing so, we already sold the first tshirt and baby romper (is this a new record?) and had nice talks. Afterwards we enjoyed a free evening and prepared for the next busy day.
31
+On Friday, [Matthias][3], [Erik][4], and I arrived at the event location which normally is a museum collecting memories of heavy industries in the Ruhr area: old machines, the history and background of industry workers, and pictures of people fighting for their rights. Because we arrived a bit too early we helped the (fantastic!) orga team with some remaining work in the exhibition hall before setting up FSFEs booth. While doing so, we already sold the first tshirt and baby romper (is this a new record?) and had nice talks. Afterwards we enjoyed a free evening and prepared for the next busy day.
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-But Matthias and I faced a bad suprised: our hotel rooms were build for midgets and lacked a few basic features. For example, Matthias&#8216; room had no heating, and in my bathroom someone has stolen the shelf. At least I&#8217;ve been given a bedside lamp – except the little fact that the architect forgot to install a socket nearby. Another (semi-)funny bug were the emergency exits in front of our doors: by escaping from dangers inside the hotel, taking these exits won&#8217;t rescue you but instead increase the probability of dying from severe bone fractures. So if you ever need a hotel in Oberhausen, try to avoid [City Lounge Hotel][5] by any means. Pictures at the end of this article.
33
+But Matthias and I faced a bad suprised: our hotel rooms were build for midgets and lacked a few basic features. For example, Matthias‘ room had no heating, and in my bathroom someone has stolen the shelf. At least I’ve been given a bedside lamp – except the little fact that the architect forgot to install a socket nearby. Another (semi-)funny bug were the emergency exits in front of our doors: by escaping from dangers inside the hotel, taking these exits wont rescue you but instead increase the probability of dying from severe bone fractures. So if you ever need a hotel in Oberhausen, try to avoid [City Lounge Hotel][5] by any means. Pictures at the end of this article.
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@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ On Saturday, André Ockers (NL translation coordinator), Maurice Verhessen (Coor
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 Over the day, Matthias, Erik, and I gave our talks: Matthias spoke about [common misconceptions about Free Software][6] and how to clear them up, Erik explained how people can [synchronise their computers and mobile phones][7] with Free Software applications, and I motivated people to become politically active by presenting some lessons learned from [my experiences with the Compulsory Routers and Radio Lockdown cases][8]. There were many other talks by FSFE people, for example by [Wolf-Dieter][9] and [Wolfgang][10]. In the evening we enjoyed the social event with barbecue, free beer, and loooooong waiting queues.
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-Sunday was far more relaxed than the day before. We had time to talk to more people interested in Free Software and exchanged ideas and thoughts with friends from other initiatives. Among many others, I spoke with people from Freifunk, a Pirate Party politician, a tax consultant with digital ambitions, two system administrators, and a trade unionist. But even the nicest day has to end, and after we packed up the whole booth, merchandise and promotion material again, André took the remainders to the Netherlands where they will be presented to the public at FSFE&#8217;s [T-DOSE][11] booth.
47
+Sunday was far more relaxed than the day before. We had time to talk to more people interested in Free Software and exchanged ideas and thoughts with friends from other initiatives. Among many others, I spoke with people from Freifunk, a Pirate Party politician, a tax consultant with digital ambitions, two system administrators, and a trade unionist. But even the nicest day has to end, and after we packed up the whole booth, merchandise and promotion material again, André took the remainders to the Netherlands where they will be presented to the public at FSFEs [T-DOSE][11] booth.
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-_Note: This guide is also available [in FSFE&#8217;s wiki][1] now, and it will be the only version maintained. So please head over to the wiki if you&#8217;re planning to follow this guide._
24
+_Note: This guide is also available [in FSFE’s wiki][1] now, and it will be the only version maintained. So please head over to the wiki if you’re planning to follow this guide._
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-Those who create, edit, and translate [FSFE websites][2] already know that the source files are XHTML files which are build with a XSLT processor, including a lot of custom stuff. One of the huge advantages from that is that we don&#8217;t have to rely on dynamic website processors and databases, on the other hand there are a few drawbacks as well: websites need a few minutes to be generated by the central build system, and it&#8217;s quite easy to mess up with the XML syntax. Now if an editor wants to create or edit a page, she needs to wait a few minutes until the build system has finished everytime she wants to test how the website looks like. So in this guide I will show how to build single websites on your own computer in a fraction of the FSFE&#8217;s system build time, so you&#8217;ll only need to commit your changes as soon as the file looks as you want it. All you need is a bit hard disk space and around one hour time to set up everything.
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+Those who create, edit, and translate [FSFE websites][2] already know that the source files are XHTML files which are build with a XSLT processor, including a lot of custom stuff. One of the huge advantages from that is that we dont have to rely on dynamic website processors and databases, on the other hand there are a few drawbacks as well: websites need a few minutes to be generated by the central build system, and its quite easy to mess up with the XML syntax. Now if an editor wants to create or edit a page, she needs to wait a few minutes until the build system has finished everytime she wants to test how the website looks like. So in this guide I will show how to build single websites on your own computer in a fraction of the FSFE’s system build time, so you’ll only need to commit your changes as soon as the file looks as you want it. All you need is a bit hard disk space and around one hour time to set up everything.
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-_The whole idea is based on what FSFE&#8217;s webmaster Paul Hänsch has coded and written. [On his blog][3] he explains the new build script. He explains how to build files locally, too. However, this guide aims to make it a bit easier and more verbose._
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+_The whole idea is based on what FSFEs webmaster Paul Hänsch has coded and written. [On his blog][3] he explains the new build script. He explains how to build files locally, too. However, this guide aims to make it a bit easier and more verbose._
29 29
 
30
-Before we&#8217;re getting started, let me shortly explain the concept of what we&#8217;ll be doing. Basically, we&#8217;ll have three directories: _trunk_, _status_, and _fsfe.org_. Most likely you already have _trunk_, it&#8217;s a clone of the FSFE&#8217;s main SVN repository, and the source of all operations. All those files in there have to be compiled to generate the final HTML files we can browse. The location of these finished files will be _fsfe.org_. _status_, the third directory, contains error messages and temporary files.
30
+Before we’re getting started, let me shortly explain the concept of what we’ll be doing. Basically, we’ll have three directories: _trunk_, _status_, and _fsfe.org_. Most likely you already have _trunk_, it’s a clone of the FSFE’s main SVN repository, and the source of all operations. All those files in there have to be compiled to generate the final HTML files we can browse. The location of these finished files will be _fsfe.org_. _status_, the third directory, contains error messages and temporary files.
31 31
 
32
-After we (1) created these directories, partly by downloading a repository with some useful scripts and configuration files, we&#8217;ll (2) build the whole FSFE website on our own computer. In the next step, we&#8217;ll (3) set up a local webserver so you can actually browse these files. And lastly we&#8217;ll (4) set up a small script which you can use to quickly build single XHTML files. Last but not least I&#8217;ll give some real-world examples.
32
+After we (1) created these directories, partly by downloading a repository with some useful scripts and configuration files, we’ll (2) build the whole FSFE website on our own computer. In the next step, we’ll (3) set up a local webserver so you can actually browse these files. And lastly we’ll (4) set up a small script which you can use to quickly build single XHTML files. Last but not least Ill give some real-world examples.
33 33
 
34 34
 ### 1. Clone helper repository
35 35
 
36 36
 Firstly, clone a [git repository][4] which will give you most needed files and directories for the further operations. It has been created by me and contains configuration files and the script that will make building of single files easier. Of course, you can also do everything manually.
37 37
 
38
-In general, this is the directory structure I propose. In the following I&#8217;ll stick to this scheme. Please adapt all changes if your folder tree looks differently.
38
+In general, this is the directory structure I propose. In the following Ill stick to this scheme. Please adapt all changes if your folder tree looks differently.
39 39
 
40 40
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">trunk (~700 MB):      ~/subversion/fsfe/fsfe-web/trunk/
41 41
 status (~150 MB):     ~/subversion/fsfe/local-build/status/
@@ -47,15 +47,15 @@ To continue, you have to have _git_ installed on your computer (_sudo apt-get in
47 47
 
48 48
 <pre class="lang:sh highlight:0 decode:true">git clone https://src.mehl.mx/mxmehl/fsfe-local-build.git ~/subversion/fsfe/local-build</pre>
49 49
 
50
-Now we take care of _trunk_. In case you already have a copy of _trunk_ on your computer, you can use this location, but please do a _svn up_ beforehand and be sure that the output of _svn status_ is empty (so no new or modified files on your side). If you don&#8217;t have _trunk_ yet, download the repository to the proposed location:
50
+Now we take care of _trunk_. In case you already have a copy of _trunk_ on your computer, you can use this location, but please do a _svn up_ beforehand and be sure that the output of _svn status_ is empty (so no new or modified files on your side). If you dont have _trunk_ yet, download the repository to the proposed location:
51 51
 
52 52
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">svn --username $YourFSFEUsername co https://svn.fsfe.org/fsfe-web/trunk ~/subversion/fsfe/fsfe-web/trunk</pre>
53 53
 
54 54
 ### 2. Build full website
55 55
 
56
-Now we have to build the whole FSFE website locally. This will take a longer time but we&#8217;ll only have to do it once. Later, you&#8217;ll just build single files and not >14000 as we do now.
56
+Now we have to build the whole FSFE website locally. This will take a longer time but we’ll only have to do it once. Later, you’ll just build single files and not >14000 as we do now.
57 57
 
58
-But first, we have to install a few applications which are needed by the build script (**Warning**: it&#8217;s possible your system lacks some other required applications which were already installed on mine. If you encounter any _command not found_ errors, please report them in the comments or by mail). So let&#8217;s install them via the terminal:
58
+But first, we have to install a few applications which are needed by the build script (**Warning**: its possible your system lacks some other required applications which were already installed on mine. If you encounter any _command not found_ errors, please report them in the comments or by mail). So lets install them via the terminal:
59 59
 
60 60
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">sudo apt-get install make libxslt</pre>
61 61
 
@@ -65,11 +65,11 @@ Now we can start building.The full website build can be started with
65 65
 
66 66
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">~/subversion/fsfe/fsfe-web/trunk/build/build_main.sh --statusdir ~/subversion/fsfe/local-build/status/ build_into ~/subversion/fsfe/local-build/fsfe.org/</pre>
67 67
 
68
-See? We use the build routine from _trunk_ to launch building _trunk_. All status messages are written to _status_, and the final website will reside in _fsfe.org_. Mind differing directory names if you have another structure than I do. This process will take a long time, depending on your CPU power. Don&#8217;t be afraid of strange messages and massive walls of text ;-)
68
+See? We use the build routine from _trunk_ to launch building _trunk_. All status messages are written to _status_, and the final website will reside in _fsfe.org_. Mind differing directory names if you have another structure than I do. This process will take a long time, depending on your CPU power. Dont be afraid of strange messages and massive walls of text ;-)
69 69
 
70 70
 After the long process has finished, navigate to the _trunk_ directory and execute _svn status_. You may see a few files which are new:
71 71
 
72
-<pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">max@bistromath ~/s/f/f/trunk&gt; svn status
72
+<pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">max@bistromath ~/s/f/f/trunk> svn status
73 73
 ?       about/printable/archive/printable.en.xml
74 74
 ?       d_day.en.xml
75 75
 ?       d_month.en.xml
@@ -77,20 +77,20 @@ After the long process has finished, navigate to the _trunk_ directory and execu
77 77
 ?       localmenuinfo.en.xml
78 78
 [...]</pre>
79 79
 
80
-These are leftover from the full website build. Because _trunk_ is supposed to be your productive source directory where you also make commits to the FSFE SVN, let&#8217;s delete these files. You won&#8217;t need them anymore.
80
+These are leftover from the full website build. Because _trunk_ is supposed to be your productive source directory where you also make commits to the FSFE SVN, let’s delete these files. You won’t need them anymore.
81 81
 
82 82
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">rm about/printable/archive/printable.en.xml d_day.en.xml d_month.en.xml d_year.en.xml localmenuinfo.en.xml
83 83
 rm tools/tagmaps/*.map</pre>
84 84
 
85
-Afterwards, the output of _svn status_ should be empty again. It is? Fine, let&#8217;s go on! If not, please also remove those files (and tell me which files were missing).
85
+Afterwards, the output of _svn status_ should be empty again. It is? Fine, lets go on! If not, please also remove those files (and tell me which files were missing).
86 86
 
87 87
 ### 3. Set up local webserver
88 88
 
89
-After the full build is completed, you can install a local webserver. This is necessary to actually display the locally built files in your browser. In this example, I assume you don&#8217;t already have a webserver installed, and that you&#8217;re using a Debian-based operating system. So let&#8217;s install _lighttpd_ which is a thin and fast webserver, plus _gamin_ which _lighttpd_ needs in some setups:
89
+After the full build is completed, you can install a local webserver. This is necessary to actually display the locally built files in your browser. In this example, I assume you don’t already have a webserver installed, and that you’re using a Debian-based operating system. So let’s install _lighttpd_ which is a thin and fast webserver, plus _gamin_ which _lighttpd_ needs in some setups:
90 90
 
91 91
 <pre class="lang:sh highlight:0 decode:true">sudo apt-get install lighttpd gamin</pre>
92 92
 
93
-To make Lighttpd running properly we need a configuration file. This has to point the webserver to show files in the _fsfe.org_ directory. You already downloaded my recommended config file (_lighttpd-fsfe.conf.sample_) by cloning the git repository. But you&#8217;ll have to modify the path accordingly and rename it. So rename the file to _lighttpd-fsfe.conf_, open it and change following line to match the actual and absolute path of the _fsfe.org_ directory (~ does not work here):
93
+To make Lighttpd running properly we need a configuration file. This has to point the webserver to show files in the _fsfe.org_ directory. You already downloaded my recommended config file (_lighttpd-fsfe.conf.sample_) by cloning the git repository. But youll have to modify the path accordingly and rename it. So rename the file to _lighttpd-fsfe.conf_, open it and change following line to match the actual and absolute path of the _fsfe.org_ directory (~ does not work here):
94 94
 
95 95
 <pre class="lang:default decode:true">server.document-root = "/home/USER/subversion/fsfe/local-build/fsfe.org"</pre>
96 96
 
@@ -102,19 +102,19 @@ Until you press Ctrl+C, you should be able to open your local FSFE website in an
102 102
 
103 103
 ### 4. Single page build script
104 104
 
105
-Until now, you didn&#8217;t see much more than you can see on the original website. But in this step, we&#8217;ll configure and start using a Bash script (_fsfe-preview.sh_) I&#8217;ve written to make a preview of a locally edited XHTML file as comfortable as possible. You already downloaded it by cloning the repository.
105
+Until now, you didn’t see much more than you can see on the original website. But in this step, we’ll configure and start using a Bash script (_fsfe-preview.sh_) I’ve written to make a preview of a locally edited XHTML file as comfortable as possible. You already downloaded it by cloning the repository.
106 106
 
107
-First, rename and edit the script&#8217;s configuration file _config.cfg.sample_. Rename it to _config.cfg_ and open it. The file contains all paths we already used here, so please adapt them to your structure if necessary. Normally, it should be sufficient to modify the values for _LOC_trunk_ (_trunk_ directory) and _LOC_out_ (_fsfe.org_ directory), the rest can be left with the default values.
107
+First, rename and edit the scripts configuration file _config.cfg.sample_. Rename it to _config.cfg_ and open it. The file contains all paths we already used here, so please adapt them to your structure if necessary. Normally, it should be sufficient to modify the values for _LOC_trunk_ (_trunk_ directory) and _LOC_out_ (_fsfe.org_ directory), the rest can be left with the default values.
108 108
 
109 109
 Another feature of the fsfe-preview is to automatically check the XML syntax of the files. For this, _libxml2-utils_ has to be installed which contains _xmllint_. Please execute:
110 110
 
111 111
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils</pre>
112 112
 
113
-Now let&#8217;s make the script easy to access via the terminal for future usage. For this, we&#8217;ll create a short link to the script from one of the binary path directories. Type in the terminal:
113
+Now let’s make the script easy to access via the terminal for future usage. For this, we’ll create a short link to the script from one of the binary path directories. Type in the terminal:
114 114
 
115 115
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">sudo ln -s ~/subversion/fsfe/local-build/fsfe-preview.sh /usr/bin/fsfe-preview</pre>
116 116
 
117
-From this moment on, you should be able to call _fsfe-preview_ from anywhere in your terminal. Let&#8217;s make a test run. Modify the XHTML source file contribute/contribute.en.xhtml and edit some obvious text or alter the title. Now do:
117
+From this moment on, you should be able to call _fsfe-preview_ from anywhere in your terminal. Lets make a test run. Modify the XHTML source file contribute/contribute.en.xhtml and edit some obvious text or alter the title. Now do:
118 118
 
119 119
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">fsfe-preview ~/subversion/fsfe/fsfe-web/trunk/contribute/contribute.en.xhtml</pre>
120 120
 
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ Now open the mentioned URL <http://localhost:5080/contribute/contribute.en.html>
131 131
 
132 132
 ### Recommended workflows
133 133
 
134
-In this section I&#8217;ll present a few of the cases you might face and how to solve them with the script. I presume you have your terminal opened in the _trunk_ directory.
134
+In this section Ill present a few of the cases you might face and how to solve them with the script. I presume you have your terminal opened in the _trunk_ directory.
135 135
 
136 136
 ##### **Preview a single file**
137 137
 
@@ -143,30 +143,30 @@ The script detects whether the file has to be built with the XSLT processor (.xh
143 143
 
144 144
 ##### Copy many files at once
145 145
 
146
-Beware that all files you added in your session have to be processed with the script. For example, if you create a report with many images included and want to preview it, you will have to copy all these images to the output directory as well, and not only the XHTML file. For this, there is the _&#8211;copy_ argument. This circumvents the whole XSLT build process and just plainly copies the given files (or folders). In this example, the workflow could look like the following: The first line copies some images, the second builds the corresponding XHTML file which makes use of these images:
146
+Beware that all files you added in your session have to be processed with the script. For example, if you create a report with many images included and want to preview it, you will have to copy all these images to the output directory as well, and not only the XHTML file. For this, there is the _copy_ argument. This circumvents the whole XSLT build process and just plainly copies the given files (or folders). In this example, the workflow could look like the following: The first line copies some images, the second builds the corresponding XHTML file which makes use of these images:
147 147
 
148 148
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">fsfe-preview --copy news/2016/graphics/report1.png news/2016/graphics/report2.jpg
149 149
 fsfe-preview news/2016/news-20161231-01.en.xhtml</pre>
150 150
 
151 151
 ##### Syntax check
152 152
 
153
-In general, it&#8217;s good to check the XHTML syntax before editing and commiting files to the SVN. The script _fsfe-preview_ already contains these checks but it&#8217;s good to be able to use it anyway. If you didn&#8217;t already do it before, install _libxml2-utils_ on your computer. It contains _xmllint_, a syntax checker for XML files. You can use it like this:
153
+In general, its good to check the XHTML syntax before editing and commiting files to the SVN. The script _fsfe-preview_ already contains these checks but it’s good to be able to use it anyway. If you didn’t already do it before, install _libxml2-utils_ on your computer. It contains _xmllint_, a syntax checker for XML files. You can use it like this:
154 154
 
155 155
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">xmllint --noout work.en.xhtml</pre>
156 156
 
157
-If there&#8217;s no output (&#8211;noout), the file has a correct syntax and you&#8217;re ready to continue. But you may also see something like
157
+If there’s no output (–noout), the file has a correct syntax and you’re ready to continue. But you may also see something like
158 158
 
159 159
 <pre class="lang:default highlight:0 decode:true">work.en.xhtml:55: parser error : Opening and ending tag mismatch: p line 41 and li
160
-      &lt;/li&gt;
160
+      </li>
161 161
            ^</pre>
162 162
 
163
-In this case, this means that the <p> tag starting in line 41 isn&#8217;t closed properly.
163
+In this case, this means that the <p> tag starting in line 41 isnt closed properly.
164 164
 
165 165
 ### Drawbacks
166 166
 
167
-The presented process and script has a few drawbacks. For example you aren&#8217;t able to preview certain very dynamic pages or parts of pages, or those depending on CGI scripts. In most cases you&#8217;ll never encounter these, but if you&#8217;re getting active with the FSFE&#8217;s webmaster team it may happen that you&#8217;ll have to fall back on the standard central build system.
167
+The presented process and script has a few drawbacks. For example you arent able to preview certain very dynamic pages or parts of pages, or those depending on CGI scripts. In most cases you’ll never encounter these, but if you’re getting active with the FSFE’s webmaster team it may happen that you’ll have to fall back on the standard central build system.
168 168
 
169
-Any other issues? Feel free to report them as they will help to improve FSFE&#8217;s editors to work more efficiently :-)
169
+Any other issues? Feel free to report them as they will help to improve FSFEs editors to work more efficiently :-)
170 170
 
171 171
 ##### Changelog
172 172
 

+ 10
- 10
content/blog/2017-02-14-i-love-astroid-ilovefs.md View File

@@ -28,17 +28,17 @@ tags:
28 28
   </p>
29 29
 </div>
30 30
 
31
-You cannot imagine how long I&#8217;ve waited to write this blog post. Normally I&#8217;m not the bragging kind of guy but for this year&#8217;s edition of my &#8222;[I love Free Software][1]&#8220; declaration articles (after [2014][2], [2015][3] and [2016][4]) I just want to shout out to the world: I have the world&#8217;s best mail client: [astroid][5]!
31
+You cannot imagine how long I’ve waited to write this blog post. Normally I’m not the bragging kind of guy but for this year’s edition of my „[I love Free Software][1]“ declaration articles (after [2014][2], [2015][3] and [2016][4]) I just want to shout out to the world: I have the worlds best mail client: [astroid][5]!
32 32
 
33 33
 <p style="padding-left: 30px;">
34 34
   <em>Update February 2018: Meanwhile I have <a href="https://src.mehl.mx/mxmehl/mail-config">published my mail config</a> incl. astroid, notmuch, offlineimap etc. It is a rather complicated and special setup but perhaps it will help you.</em>
35 35
 </p>
36 36
 
37
-Okay, maybe I&#8217;ll add two or three words to explain why I am so grateful to the authors of this awesome Free Software application. Firstly, I should note that until ~6 months ago I have used Thunderbird – extended with lots of add-ons but still a mail user agent that most of you will know. But with each new email and project it became obvious to me that I have to find a way to organise my tenthousands of mails in a better way: not folder-based but tag-based, but not to the expense of overview and comfort.
37
+Okay, maybe Ill add two or three words to explain why I am so grateful to the authors of this awesome Free Software application. Firstly, I should note that until ~6 months ago I have used Thunderbird – extended with lots of add-ons but still a mail user agent that most of you will know. But with each new email and project it became obvious to me that I have to find a way to organise my tenthousands of mails in a better way: not folder-based but tag-based, but not to the expense of overview and comfort.
38 38
 
39
-Thanks to [Hugo][6] I became aware of astroid, an application that unites my needs and is open to multiple workflows. Let&#8217;s read how [astroid][5] describes itself:
39
+Thanks to [Hugo][6] I became aware of astroid, an application that unites my needs and is open to multiple workflows. Lets read how [astroid][5] describes itself:
40 40
 
41
-> Astroid is a lightweight and fast Mail User Agent that provides a graphical interface to searching, display and composing email, organized in thread and tags. Astroid uses the [notmuch][7] backend for blazingly fast searches through tons of email. Astroid searches, displays and composes emails &#8211; and rely on other programs for fetching, syncing and sending email.
41
+> Astroid is a lightweight and fast Mail User Agent that provides a graphical interface to searching, display and composing email, organized in thread and tags. Astroid uses the [notmuch][7] backend for blazingly fast searches through tons of email. Astroid searches, displays and composes emails  and rely on other programs for fetching, syncing and sending email.
42 42
 
43 43
 <div id="attachment_636" style="width: 260px" class="wp-caption alignright">
44 44
   <a href="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-2.png"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-636" class="wp-image-636" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-2-300x169.png" width="250" height="169" /></a>
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ Astroid is roughly 3 years old, is based on sup, and is mainly developed by [Gau
52 52
 
53 53
 ### Why is astroid so cool?
54 54
 
55
-That&#8217;s one secret of astroid: it doesn&#8217;t try to catch up to programs that do certain jobs very well already. So astroid relies on external POP/IMAP fetching (e.g. offlineimap), SMTP server (e.g. msmtp), email indexing (notmuch), and mail editors (e.g. vim, emacs). This way, astroid can concentrate on offering a unique interface that unites many strenghts:
55
+That’s one secret of astroid: it doesn’t try to catch up to programs that do certain jobs very well already. So astroid relies on external POP/IMAP fetching (e.g. offlineimap), SMTP server (e.g. msmtp), email indexing (notmuch), and mail editors (e.g. vim, emacs). This way, astroid can concentrate on offering a unique interface that unites many strenghts:
56 56
 
57 57
 <div id="attachment_638" style="width: 260px" class="wp-caption alignright">
58 58
   <a href="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-3.png"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-638" class=" wp-image-638" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-3-300x203.png" alt="" width="250" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-3-300x203.png 300w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-3-768x520.png 768w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-3.png 889w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>
@@ -62,13 +62,13 @@ That&#8217;s one secret of astroid: it doesn&#8217;t try to catch up to programs
62 62
   </p>
63 63
 </div>
64 64
 
65
-  * astroid encourages you to use tabs. Email threads open in a new tab, a newly composed message is a separate tab, as well as a search query. You won&#8217;t loose any information when you write an email while researching in your archive while keeping an eye on incoming unread mails. If your tab bar becomes too long, just open another astroid instance.
65
+  * astroid encourages you to use tabs. Email threads open in a new tab, a newly composed message is a separate tab, as well as a search query. You wont loose any information when you write an email while researching in your archive while keeping an eye on incoming unread mails. If your tab bar becomes too long, just open another astroid instance.
66 66
   * It can be used by either keyboard or mouse. Beginners value to have a similar experience as with mouse-based mail agents like Thunderbird, experts hunt through their mails with the configurable keyboard shortcuts.
67
-  * Tagging of emails is blazingly fast and efficient. You can either tag single mails or whole email threads with certain keywords that you can freely choose. Astroid doesn&#8217;t impose a certain tagging scheme on its users.
67
+  * Tagging of emails is blazingly fast and efficient. You can either tag single mails or whole email threads with certain keywords that you can freely choose. Astroid doesnt impose a certain tagging scheme on its users.
68 68
   * astroid already included the possibility to read HTML or GPG-exncrypted emails. No need to create a demotivatingly huge configuration file like with mutt.
69 69
   * Theming your personal astoid is easy. The templates can be configured using HTML and CSS syntax.
70 70
   * It is expandable by Python and lua plugins.
71
-  * It&#8217;s incredibly fast! Thunderbird or Evolution users will never have to bother with 20+ seconds startup time anymore. Efficiency hooray! 
71
+  * Its incredibly fast! Thunderbird or Evolution users will never have to bother with 20+ seconds startup time anymore. Efficiency hooray! 
72 72
     <div id="attachment_635" style="width: 260px" class="wp-caption alignright">
73 73
       <a href="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-1.png"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-635" class="wp-image-635" src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/astroid-ilovefs-1-300x169.png" width="250" height="169" /></a>
74 74
       
@@ -77,9 +77,9 @@ That&#8217;s one secret of astroid: it doesn&#8217;t try to catch up to programs
77 77
       </p>
78 78
     </div></li> </ul> 
79 79
     
80
-    Because it is open to any workflow, you can also easily use astroid with rather uncommon workflows. I, personally, use a mix of folder- and tag-based sorting. My mail server automatically moves incoming mails to certain folders (mostly based on mailing lists) which is important to me because I often use my mobile phone that doesn&#8217;t include a tagging-based email client, too. But with my laptop I can add additional tags or tag unsorted mails. Based on these tags, I again sort these mails to certain folders to reduce the amount of mails lying around in my unsorted inbox. Such a strange setup would have been impossible with many other email agents but with astroid (almost) everything is possible.
80
+    Because it is open to any workflow, you can also easily use astroid with rather uncommon workflows. I, personally, use a mix of folder- and tag-based sorting. My mail server automatically moves incoming mails to certain folders (mostly based on mailing lists) which is important to me because I often use my mobile phone that doesnt include a tagging-based email client, too. But with my laptop I can add additional tags or tag unsorted mails. Based on these tags, I again sort these mails to certain folders to reduce the amount of mails lying around in my unsorted inbox. Such a strange setup would have been impossible with many other email agents but with astroid (almost) everything is possible.
81 81
     
82
-    Did I convince you? Well, certainly not. Switching one&#8217;s email client is a huge step because for most people it involves changing the way how most of theor digital communication happens. But hopefully I convinced you to have a look at astroid and think about whether this awesome client may fulfill some of your demands better than your existing one. If you already use notmuch, a local SMTP server, offlineimap, procmail or other required parts, testing astroid will be very easy for you. And if your way to using astroid will be longer, as mine was, feel free to ask me or the helpful community.
82
+    Did I convince you? Well, certainly not. Switching ones email client is a huge step because for most people it involves changing the way how most of theor digital communication happens. But hopefully I convinced you to have a look at astroid and think about whether this awesome client may fulfill some of your demands better than your existing one. If you already use notmuch, a local SMTP server, offlineimap, procmail or other required parts, testing astroid will be very easy for you. And if your way to using astroid will be longer, as mine was, feel free to ask me or the helpful community.
83 83
     
84 84
     PS: FSFE activists in Berlin carried out [two awesome activities for ILoveFS][9]!
85 85
 

+ 5
- 5
content/blog/2017-05-29-idee-wiki-zu-gesellschaftspolitischen-positionen-von-prominenten.md View File

@@ -21,14 +21,14 @@ tags:
21 21
   </p>
22 22
 </div>
23 23
 
24
-_Alles begann, als mein Mitbewohner Lars und ich uns eines morgens fragten: &#8222;Mit wem würden wir lieber ein Bier trinken gehen, Thomas de Maizière oder Jens Lehmann?&#8220;._
24
+_Alles begann, als mein Mitbewohner Lars und ich uns eines morgens fragten: „Mit wem würden wir lieber ein Bier trinken gehen, Thomas de Maizière oder Jens Lehmann?“._
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26 26
 Zu de Maizière hatten wir beide eine recht eindeutige Meinung, aber bei Lehmann waren wir uns nicht sicher, ob wir uns mit ihm verstehen würden. Lars meinte sich zu erinnern, dass er ein merkwürdiges Gesellschaftsbild hätte, allerdings zeigte ein Blick auf [Lehmanns Wikipedia-Artikel][1], dass er gemeinnützig sehr engagiert ist. Was nun? Würden wir uns mit dem Ex-Nationaltorwart bei einem gemütlichen Bier gut verstehen oder schon nach wenigen Minuten in einer heftigen Diskussion über Geschlechterbilder enden?
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28
-&#8222;Man bräuchte eine Wikipedia über gesellschaftspolitische Positionen von A-Prominenten&#8220;, sagte Lars, womit er meiner Meinung nach absolut Recht hat. Denn eine solche Sammlung zu politischen Einstellungen würde gleich mehreren Aufträgen dienen:
28
+„Man bräuchte eine Wikipedia über gesellschaftspolitische Positionen von A-Prominenten“, sagte Lars, womit er meiner Meinung nach absolut Recht hat. Denn eine solche Sammlung zu politischen Einstellungen würde gleich mehreren Aufträgen dienen:
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   * Prominente hübschen oft ihr Portfolio durch öffentlichkeitswirksame Aktionen wie Spendengalas oder ein paar Fototerminen mit armen Kindern in Drittweltländern auf, weichen aber in ihren Aussagen manchmal erkennbar von einem menschenfreundlichen Bild ab. Gerade bei politischen Akteuren ist eine gewisse Transparenz der gesellschaftlichen Grundeinstellungen wünschenswert.
31
-  * Aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht ist ein Vergleich der &#8222;inszenierten&#8220; Außendarstellung und der (vermeintlichen) eigentlichen Einstellung höchst interessant. Auch ein Abgleich der öffentlichen Einschätzung zu bestimmten Prominenten und der eigentlichen Positionen wäre sicherlich spannend und mit einer entsprechenden Datenbank gut durchzuführen.
31
+  * Aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht ist ein Vergleich der „inszenierten“ Außendarstellung und der (vermeintlichen) eigentlichen Einstellung höchst interessant. Auch ein Abgleich der öffentlichen Einschätzung zu bestimmten Prominenten und der eigentlichen Positionen wäre sicherlich spannend und mit einer entsprechenden Datenbank gut durchzuführen.
32 32
   * Ein solches Wiki würde kritisches Denken fördern und etwa inhaltsleeren, rein auf Emotionen zielenden Wahlplakaten und Hochglanzbroschüren zumindest ein bisschen Macht entziehen.
33 33
   * Es würde ebenfalls widersprüchliche Positionen von Prominenten oder deren Wertewandel aufzeichnen.
34 34
 
@@ -41,9 +41,9 @@ Nichtsdestotrotz würde ein solches Wiki natürlich auch einige Risiken bergen:
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   * Die Gefahr einseitiger oder gar verfälschter Eintragungen ist hoch. Man müsste große Warnungen anzeigen, wenn es bisher nur wenige Quellenangaben und Mitarbeitende an einem Eintrag gegeben hat.
42 42
   * Man bräuchte viel Moderation, die gewährleistet, dass eine Interpretation einer gewissen schriftlichen Aussage auch tatsächlich korrekt ist.
43 43
   * Die notwendigen Quellen sind nicht einfach zu beschaffen und auch sehr unübersichtlich, da wahrscheinlich hauptsächlich schriftliche Interviews oder Talkshows als Grundlage dienen müssten.
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-  * Sind Aussagen in Interviews in Zeitungen, Boulevardblättern und Talkshows überhaupts ausreichend, um die gesellschaftspolitische Einstellung eines Menschen zu beurteilen? Gegenfrage: Wenn nicht, wie kann man denn dann überhaupt etwa einer Politikerin &#8222;trauen&#8220;?
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+  * Sind Aussagen in Interviews in Zeitungen, Boulevardblättern und Talkshows überhaupts ausreichend, um die gesellschaftspolitische Einstellung eines Menschen zu beurteilen? Gegenfrage: Wenn nicht, wie kann man denn dann überhaupt etwa einer Politikerin „trauen“?
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46
-Man sieht, sehr kontrovers und ohne eindeutige Antwort. Was haltet Ihr von der Idee? Gibt&#8217;s sowas eigentlich schon? Und wo seht ihr Chancen und Risiken?
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+Man sieht, sehr kontrovers und ohne eindeutige Antwort. Was haltet Ihr von der Idee? Gibts sowas eigentlich schon? Und wo seht ihr Chancen und Risiken?
47 47
 
48 48
  [1]: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jens_Lehmann
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  [2]: https://politicalcompass.org/

+ 1
- 1
content/blog/2019-02-11-fsfe-planet-has-been-refurbished.md View File

@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ So what has changed under the hood?
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25 25
 So with the migration to the new system you will probably find a few new blogs and unread posts in your RSS feeds now. So please do not be confused about it but look forward to even more useful and interesting bits from the FSFE community!
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-On this occasion I would like to thank Michael and Vincent for their contributions to the code, and the useful feedback from various people in the FSFE&#8217;s community. If you have ideas how to further improve our planet, please open an issue in the Git repository or [write an email to us][3].
27
+On this occasion I would like to thank Michael and Vincent for their contributions to the code, and the useful feedback from various people in the FSFEs community. If you have ideas how to further improve our planet, please open an issue in the Git repository or [write an email to us][3].
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29 29
  [1]: https://git.fsfe.org/fsfe-system-hackers/fsfe-planet
30 30
  [2]: https://fsfe.org

+ 7
- 7
content/blog/2019-03-01-protect-freedom-on-radio-devices-raise-your-voice-today.md View File

@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ tags:
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   - security
20 20
 
21 21
 ---
22
-**We are facing a EU regulation which may make it impossible to install a custom piece of software on most radio decives like WiFi routers, smartphones and embedded devices. You can now [give feedback][1] on the most problematic part by Monday, 4 March. Please participate – it&#8217;s not hard!**
22
+**We are facing a EU regulation which may make it impossible to install a custom piece of software on most radio decives like WiFi routers, smartphones and embedded devices. You can now [give feedback][1] on the most problematic part by Monday, 4 March. Please participate – its not hard!**
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 <div class="wp-block-image">
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   <figure class="alignright is-resized"><img src="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/kaefig_einzel.png" alt="" class="wp-image-688" width="189" height="248" srcset="https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/kaefig_einzel.png 305w, https://blog.mehl.mx/uploads/kaefig_einzel-229x300.png 229w" sizes="(max-width: 189px) 100vw, 189px" /></figure>
@@ -35,23 +35,23 @@ In the EU Radio Equipment Directive ([2014/53/EU][2]) contains one highly danger
35 35
   <cite><strong>Article 3(3)(i) of the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU</strong></cite>
36 36
 </blockquote>
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38
-That flips the responsibility of radio conformity by 180°. In the past, you as the one who changed the software on a device have been responsible to make sure that you don&#8217;t break any applicable regulations like frequency and signal strength. Now, the manufacturers have to prevent you from doing something wrong (or right?). That further takes away freedom to control our technology. More information [here by the FSFE][3].
38
+That flips the responsibility of radio conformity by 180°. In the past, you as the one who changed the software on a device have been responsible to make sure that you dont break any applicable regulations like frequency and signal strength. Now, the manufacturers have to prevent you from doing something wrong (or right?). That further takes away freedom to control our technology. More information [here by the FSFE][3].
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40
-The European Commission has installed an [Expert Group][4] to come up with a list of classes of devices which are supposed to be affected by the said article. Unfortunately, as it seems, the recommendation by this group is to put highly diffuse device categories like &#8222;Software Defined Radio&#8220; and &#8222;Internet of Things&#8220; under the scope of this regulation.
40
+The European Commission has installed an [Expert Group][4] to come up with a list of classes of devices which are supposed to be affected by the said article. Unfortunately, as it seems, the recommendation by this group is to put highly diffuse device categories like „Software Defined Radio“ and „Internet of Things“ under the scope of this regulation.
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42 42
 ## Get active today
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44 44
 But there is something you can do! The European Commission has officially opened a [feedback period][1]. Everyone, individuals, companies and organisations, can provide statements on their proposed plans. All you need to participate is an EU Login account, and you can hide your name from the public list of received feedback. A summary, the impact assessment, already received feedback, and the actual feedback form is available [here][1].
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46
-To help you word your feedback, here&#8217;s a list of some of the most important disadvantages for user freedom I see (there is a [more detailed list][3] by the FSFE):
46
+To help you word your feedback, heres a list of some of the most important disadvantages for user freedom I see (there is a [more detailed list][3] by the FSFE):
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48 48
   * **Free Software**: To control technology, you have to be able to control the software. This only is possible with Free and Open Source Software. So if you want to have a transparent and trustworthy device, you need to make the software running on it Free Software. But any device affected by Article 3(3)(i) will only allow the installation of software authorised by the manufacturer. It is unlikely that a manufacturer will certify all the available software for your device which suits your needs. Having these gatekeepers with their particular interests will make using Free Software on radio devices hard.
49 49
   * **Security**: Radio equipment like smartphones, routers, or smart home devices are highly sensitive parts of our lives. Unfortunately, many manufacturers sacrifice security for lower costs. For many devices there is better software which protects data and still offers equal or even better functionality. If such manufacturers do not even care for security, will they even allow running other (Free and Open Source) software on their products?
50
-  * **Fair competition**: If you don&#8217;t like a certain product, you can use another one from a different manufacturer. If you don&#8217;t find any device suiting your requirements, you can (help) establish a new competitor that e.g. enables user freedom. But Article 3(3)(i) favours huge enterprises as it forces companies to install software barriers and do certification of additional software. For example, a small and medium-sized manufacturer of wifi routers cannot certify all available Free Software operating systems. Also, companies bundling their own software with third-party hardware will have a really hard time. On the other hand, large companies which don&#8217;t want users to use any other software than their own will profit from this threshold.
50
+  * **Fair competition**: If you don’t like a certain product, you can use another one from a different manufacturer. If you don’t find any device suiting your requirements, you can (help) establish a new competitor that e.g. enables user freedom. But Article 3(3)(i) favours huge enterprises as it forces companies to install software barriers and do certification of additional software. For example, a small and medium-sized manufacturer of wifi routers cannot certify all available Free Software operating systems. Also, companies bundling their own software with third-party hardware will have a really hard time. On the other hand, large companies which dont want users to use any other software than their own will profit from this threshold.
51 51
   * **Community services**: Volunteer initiatives like Freifunk depend on hardware which they can use with their own software for their charity causes. They were able to create innovative solutions with limited resources.
52
-  * **Sustainability**: No updates available any more for your smartphone or router? From a security perspective, there are only two options: Flash another firmware which still recieves updates, or throw the whole device away. From an environmental perspective, the first solution is much better obviously. But will manufacturers still certify alternative firmware for devices they want to get rid of? I doubt so&#8230;
52
+  * **Sustainability**: No updates available any more for your smartphone or router? From a security perspective, there are only two options: Flash another firmware which still recieves updates, or throw the whole device away. From an environmental perspective, the first solution is much better obviously. But will manufacturers still certify alternative firmware for devices they want to get rid of? I doubt so
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-There will surely be more, so please [make your points][1] in your individual feedback. It will send a signal to the European Commission that there are people who care about freedom on radio devices. It&#8217;s only a few minutes work to avoid legal barriers that will worsen your and others&#8216; lives for years.
54
+There will surely be more, so please [make your points][1] in your individual feedback. It will send a signal to the European Commission that there are people who care about freedom on radio devices. It’s only a few minutes work to avoid legal barriers that will worsen your and others‘ lives for years.
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56 56
 Thank you!
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